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SubjectRe: [PATCH v10 12/25] mm: cache some VMA fields in the vm_fault structure
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On 23/04/2018 09:42, Minchan Kim wrote:
> On Tue, Apr 17, 2018 at 04:33:18PM +0200, Laurent Dufour wrote:
>> When handling speculative page fault, the vma->vm_flags and
>> vma->vm_page_prot fields are read once the page table lock is released. So
>> there is no more guarantee that these fields would not change in our back.
>> They will be saved in the vm_fault structure before the VMA is checked for
>> changes.
>
> Sorry. I cannot understand.
> If it is changed under us, what happens? If it's critical, why cannot we
> check with seqcounter?
> Clearly, I'm not understanding the logic here. However, it's a global
> change without CONFIG_SPF so I want to be more careful.
> It would be better to describe why we need to sanpshot those values
> into vm_fault rather than preventing the race.

The idea is to go forward processing the page fault using the VMA's fields
values saved in the vm_fault structure. Then once the pte are locked, the
vma->sequence_counter is checked again and if something has changed in our back
the speculative page fault processing is aborted.

Thanks,
Laurent.


>
> Thanks.
>
>>
>> This patch also set the fields in hugetlb_no_page() and
>> __collapse_huge_page_swapin even if it is not need for the callee.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>> ---
>> include/linux/mm.h | 10 ++++++++--
>> mm/huge_memory.c | 6 +++---
>> mm/hugetlb.c | 2 ++
>> mm/khugepaged.c | 2 ++
>> mm/memory.c | 50 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------------
>> mm/migrate.c | 2 +-
>> 6 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
>> index f6edd15563bc..c65205c8c558 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/mm.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/mm.h
>> @@ -367,6 +367,12 @@ struct vm_fault {
>> * page table to avoid allocation from
>> * atomic context.
>> */
>> + /*
>> + * These entries are required when handling speculative page fault.
>> + * This way the page handling is done using consistent field values.
>> + */
>> + unsigned long vma_flags;
>> + pgprot_t vma_page_prot;
>> };
>>
>> /* page entry size for vm->huge_fault() */
>> @@ -687,9 +693,9 @@ void free_compound_page(struct page *page);
>> * pte_mkwrite. But get_user_pages can cause write faults for mappings
>> * that do not have writing enabled, when used by access_process_vm.
>> */
>> -static inline pte_t maybe_mkwrite(pte_t pte, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>> +static inline pte_t maybe_mkwrite(pte_t pte, unsigned long vma_flags)
>> {
>> - if (likely(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
>> + if (likely(vma_flags & VM_WRITE))
>> pte = pte_mkwrite(pte);
>> return pte;
>> }
>> diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
>> index a3a1815f8e11..da2afda67e68 100644
>> --- a/mm/huge_memory.c
>> +++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
>> @@ -1194,8 +1194,8 @@ static int do_huge_pmd_wp_page_fallback(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd,
>>
>> for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++, haddr += PAGE_SIZE) {
>> pte_t entry;
>> - entry = mk_pte(pages[i], vma->vm_page_prot);
>> - entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
>> + entry = mk_pte(pages[i], vmf->vma_page_prot);
>> + entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vmf->vma_flags);
>> memcg = (void *)page_private(pages[i]);
>> set_page_private(pages[i], 0);
>> page_add_new_anon_rmap(pages[i], vmf->vma, haddr, false);
>> @@ -2168,7 +2168,7 @@ static void __split_huge_pmd_locked(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
>> entry = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(entry);
>> } else {
>> entry = mk_pte(page + i, READ_ONCE(vma->vm_page_prot));
>> - entry = maybe_mkwrite(entry, vma);
>> + entry = maybe_mkwrite(entry, vma->vm_flags);
>> if (!write)
>> entry = pte_wrprotect(entry);
>> if (!young)
>> diff --git a/mm/hugetlb.c b/mm/hugetlb.c
>> index 218679138255..774864153407 100644
>> --- a/mm/hugetlb.c
>> +++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
>> @@ -3718,6 +3718,8 @@ static int hugetlb_no_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
>> .vma = vma,
>> .address = address,
>> .flags = flags,
>> + .vma_flags = vma->vm_flags,
>> + .vma_page_prot = vma->vm_page_prot,
>> /*
>> * Hard to debug if it ends up being
>> * used by a callee that assumes
>> diff --git a/mm/khugepaged.c b/mm/khugepaged.c
>> index 0b28af4b950d..2b02a9f9589e 100644
>> --- a/mm/khugepaged.c
>> +++ b/mm/khugepaged.c
>> @@ -887,6 +887,8 @@ static bool __collapse_huge_page_swapin(struct mm_struct *mm,
>> .flags = FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY,
>> .pmd = pmd,
>> .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address),
>> + .vma_flags = vma->vm_flags,
>> + .vma_page_prot = vma->vm_page_prot,
>> };
>>
>> /* we only decide to swapin, if there is enough young ptes */
>> diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
>> index f76f5027d251..2fb9920e06a5 100644
>> --- a/mm/memory.c
>> +++ b/mm/memory.c
>> @@ -1826,7 +1826,7 @@ static int insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
>> out_mkwrite:
>> if (mkwrite) {
>> entry = pte_mkyoung(entry);
>> - entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
>> + entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma->vm_flags);
>> }
>>
>> set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry);
>> @@ -2472,7 +2472,7 @@ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>>
>> flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte));
>> entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte);
>> - entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
>> + entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vmf->vma_flags);
>> if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1))
>> update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte);
>> pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl);
>> @@ -2548,8 +2548,8 @@ static int wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>> inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES);
>> }
>> flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte));
>> - entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot);
>> - entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
>> + entry = mk_pte(new_page, vmf->vma_page_prot);
>> + entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vmf->vma_flags);
>> /*
>> * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the
>> * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition
>> @@ -2614,7 +2614,7 @@ static int wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>> * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma,
>> * keep the mlocked page.
>> */
>> - if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) {
>> + if (page_copied && (vmf->vma_flags & VM_LOCKED)) {
>> lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */
>> if (PageMlocked(old_page))
>> munlock_vma_page(old_page);
>> @@ -2650,7 +2650,7 @@ static int wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>> */
>> int finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>> {
>> - WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED));
>> + WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma_flags & VM_SHARED));
>> if (!pte_map_lock(vmf))
>> return VM_FAULT_RETRY;
>> /*
>> @@ -2752,7 +2752,7 @@ static int do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>> * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping.
>> * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite.
>> */
>> - if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) ==
>> + if ((vmf->vma_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) ==
>> (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))
>> return wp_pfn_shared(vmf);
>>
>> @@ -2799,7 +2799,7 @@ static int do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>> return VM_FAULT_WRITE;
>> }
>> unlock_page(vmf->page);
>> - } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) ==
>> + } else if (unlikely((vmf->vma_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) ==
>> (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) {
>> return wp_page_shared(vmf);
>> }
>> @@ -3078,9 +3078,9 @@ int do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>>
>> inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES);
>> dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS);
>> - pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot);
>> + pte = mk_pte(page, vmf->vma_page_prot);
>> if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) {
>> - pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma);
>> + pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vmf->vma_flags);
>> vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE;
>> ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE;
>> exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE;
>> @@ -3105,7 +3105,7 @@ int do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>>
>> swap_free(entry);
>> if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) ||
>> - (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page))
>> + (vmf->vma_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page))
>> try_to_free_swap(page);
>> unlock_page(page);
>> if (page != swapcache && swapcache) {
>> @@ -3163,7 +3163,7 @@ static int do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>> pte_t entry;
>>
>> /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */
>> - if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
>> + if (vmf->vma_flags & VM_SHARED)
>> return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
>>
>> /*
>> @@ -3187,7 +3187,7 @@ static int do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>> if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) &&
>> !mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) {
>> entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address),
>> - vma->vm_page_prot));
>> + vmf->vma_page_prot));
>> if (!pte_map_lock(vmf))
>> return VM_FAULT_RETRY;
>> if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte))
>> @@ -3220,8 +3220,8 @@ static int do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>> */
>> __SetPageUptodate(page);
>>
>> - entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot);
>> - if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
>> + entry = mk_pte(page, vmf->vma_page_prot);
>> + if (vmf->vma_flags & VM_WRITE)
>> entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry));
>>
>> if (!pte_map_lock(vmf)) {
>> @@ -3418,7 +3418,7 @@ static int do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page)
>> for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++)
>> flush_icache_page(vma, page + i);
>>
>> - entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot);
>> + entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vmf->vma_page_prot);
>> if (write)
>> entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma);
>>
>> @@ -3492,11 +3492,11 @@ int alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
>> return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
>>
>> flush_icache_page(vma, page);
>> - entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot);
>> + entry = mk_pte(page, vmf->vma_page_prot);
>> if (write)
>> - entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
>> + entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vmf->vma_flags);
>> /* copy-on-write page */
>> - if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) {
>> + if (write && !(vmf->vma_flags & VM_SHARED)) {
>> inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES);
>> page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false);
>> mem_cgroup_commit_charge(page, memcg, false, false);
>> @@ -3535,7 +3535,7 @@ int finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>>
>> /* Did we COW the page? */
>> if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) &&
>> - !(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED))
>> + !(vmf->vma_flags & VM_SHARED))
>> page = vmf->cow_page;
>> else
>> page = vmf->page;
>> @@ -3789,7 +3789,7 @@ static int do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>> ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
>> else if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE))
>> ret = do_read_fault(vmf);
>> - else if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED))
>> + else if (!(vmf->vma_flags & VM_SHARED))
>> ret = do_cow_fault(vmf);
>> else
>> ret = do_shared_fault(vmf);
>> @@ -3846,7 +3846,7 @@ static int do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>> * accessible ptes, some can allow access by kernel mode.
>> */
>> pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte);
>> - pte = pte_modify(pte, vma->vm_page_prot);
>> + pte = pte_modify(pte, vmf->vma_page_prot);
>> pte = pte_mkyoung(pte);
>> if (was_writable)
>> pte = pte_mkwrite(pte);
>> @@ -3880,7 +3880,7 @@ static int do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>> * Flag if the page is shared between multiple address spaces. This
>> * is later used when determining whether to group tasks together
>> */
>> - if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED))
>> + if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vmf->vma_flags & VM_SHARED))
>> flags |= TNF_SHARED;
>>
>> last_cpupid = page_cpupid_last(page);
>> @@ -3925,7 +3925,7 @@ static inline int wp_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd)
>> return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD);
>>
>> /* COW handled on pte level: split pmd */
>> - VM_BUG_ON_VMA(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED, vmf->vma);
>> + VM_BUG_ON_VMA(vmf->vma_flags & VM_SHARED, vmf->vma);
>> __split_huge_pmd(vmf->vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL);
>>
>> return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK;
>> @@ -4072,6 +4072,8 @@ static int __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
>> .flags = flags,
>> .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address),
>> .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma),
>> + .vma_flags = vma->vm_flags,
>> + .vma_page_prot = vma->vm_page_prot,
>> };
>> unsigned int dirty = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE;
>> struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
>> diff --git a/mm/migrate.c b/mm/migrate.c
>> index bb6367d70a3e..44d7007cfc1c 100644
>> --- a/mm/migrate.c
>> +++ b/mm/migrate.c
>> @@ -240,7 +240,7 @@ static bool remove_migration_pte(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
>> */
>> entry = pte_to_swp_entry(*pvmw.pte);
>> if (is_write_migration_entry(entry))
>> - pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte, vma);
>> + pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte, vma->vm_flags);
>>
>> if (unlikely(is_zone_device_page(new))) {
>> if (is_device_private_page(new)) {
>> --
>> 2.7.4
>>
>

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