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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 00/10] mm: online/offline 4MB chunks controlled by device driver
On 05/24/18 at 11:14am, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> On 24.05.2018 10:56, Dave Young wrote:
> > Hi,
> >
> > [snip]
> >>>
> >>>> For kdump and onlining/offlining code, we
> >>>> have to mark pages as offline before a new segment is visible to the system
> >>>> (e.g. as these pages might not be backed by real memory in the hypervisor).
> >>>
> >>> Please expand on the kdump part. That is really confusing because
> >>> hotplug should simply not depend on kdump at all. Moreover why don't you
> >>> simply mark those pages reserved and pull them out from the page
> >>> allocator?
> >>
> >> 1. "hotplug should simply not depend on kdump at all"
> >>
> >> In theory yes. In the current state we already have to trigger kdump to
> >> reload whenever we add/remove a memory block.
> >>
> >>
> >> 2. kdump part
> >>
> >> Whenever we offline a page and tell the hypervisor about it ("unplug"),
> >> we should not assume that we can read that page again. Now, if dumping
> >> tools assume they can read all memory that is offline, we are in trouble.
> >>
> >> It is the same thing as we already have with Pg_hwpoison. Just a
> >> different meaning - "don't touch this page, it is offline" compared to
> >> "don't touch this page, hw is broken".
> >
> > Does that means in case an offline no kdump reload as mentioned in 1)?
> >
> > If we have the offline event and reload kdump, I assume the memory state
> > is refreshed so kdump will not read the memory offlined, am I missing
> > something?
>
> If a whole section is offline: yes. (ACPI hotplug)
>
> If pages are online but broken ("logically offline" - hwpoison): no
>
> If single pages are logically offline: no. (Balloon inflation - let's
> call it unplug as that's what some people refer to)
>
> If only subsections (4MB chunks) are offline: no.
>
> Exporting memory ranges in a smaller granularity to kdump than section
> size would a) be heavily complicated b) introduce a lot of overhead for
> this tracking data c) make us retrigger kdump way too often.
>
> So simply marking pages offline in the struct pages and telling kdump
> about it is the straight forward thing to do. And it is fairly easy to
> add and implement as we have the exact same thing in place for hwpoison.

Ok, it is clear enough. If case fine grained page offline is is like
a hwpoison page so a userspace patch for makedumpfile is needes to
exclude them when copying vmcore.

>
> >
> >>
> >> Balloon drivers solve this problem by always allowing to read unplugged
> >> memory. In virtio-mem, this cannot and should even not be guaranteed.
> >>
> >
> > Hmm, that sounds a bug..
>
> I can give you a simple example why reading such unplugged (or balloon
> inflated) memory is problematic: Huge page backed guests.
>
> There is no zero page for huge pages. So if we allow the guest to read
> that memory any time, we cannot guarantee that we actually consume less
> memory in the hypervisor. This is absolutely to be avoided.
>
> Existing balloon drivers don't support huge page backed guests. (well
> you can inflate, but the hypervisor cannot madvise() 4k on a huge page,
> resulting in no action being performed). This scenario is to be
> supported with virtio-mem.
>
>
> So yes, this is actually a bug in e.g. virtio-balloon implementations:
>
> With "VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_MUST_TELL_HOST" we have to tell the hypervisor
> before we access a page again. kdump cannot do this and does not care,
> so this page is silently accessed and dumped. One of the main problems
> why extending virtio-balloon hypervisor implementations to support
> host-enforced R/W protection is impossible.

I'm not sure I got all virt related background, but still thank you
for the detailed explanation. This is the first time I heard about
this, nobody complained before :(

>
> >
> >> And what we have to do to make this work is actually pretty simple: Just
> >> like Pg_hwpoison, track per page if it is online and provide this
> >> information to kdump.
> >>
> >>
> >
> > Thanks
> > Dave
> >
>
>
> --
>
> Thanks,
>
> David / dhildenb

Thanks
Dave

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