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SubjectRE: [PATCH v2] dcdbas: Add support for WSMT ACPI table
Date


> -----Original Message-----
> From: Warzecha, Douglas
> Sent: Friday, May 25, 2018 2:02 PM
> To: Stuart Hayes
> Cc: Limonciello, Mario; Dominguez, Jared; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> Subject: RE: [PATCH v2] dcdbas: Add support for WSMT ACPI table
>
>
> On 05/16/2018 9:06 AM, Stuart Hayes wrote:
> > If the WSMT ACPI table is present and indicates that a fixed communication
> > buffer should be used, use the firmware-specified buffer instead of
> > allocating a buffer in memory for communications between the dcdbas driver
> > and firmare.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Stuart Hayes <stuart.w.hayes@gmail.com>
> > ---
> > v2 Bumped driver version to 5.6.0-3.3
> >
> >
> > drivers/firmware/Kconfig | 2 +-
> > drivers/firmware/dcdbas.c | 102
> > +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> > drivers/firmware/dcdbas.h | 11 +++++
> > 3 files changed, 109 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/firmware/Kconfig b/drivers/firmware/Kconfig index
> > b7c748248e53..a2bd6092bfa1 100644
> > --- a/drivers/firmware/Kconfig
> > +++ b/drivers/firmware/Kconfig
> > @@ -125,7 +125,7 @@ config DELL_RBU
> >
> > config DCDBAS
> > tristate "Dell Systems Management Base Driver"
> > - depends on X86
> > + depends on X86 && ACPI
> > help
> > The Dell Systems Management Base Driver provides a sysfs
> > interface
> > for systems management software to perform System
> > Management diff --git a/drivers/firmware/dcdbas.c
> > b/drivers/firmware/dcdbas.c index 0bdea60c65dd..1699cfdcefe4 100644
> > --- a/drivers/firmware/dcdbas.c
> > +++ b/drivers/firmware/dcdbas.c
> > @@ -36,12 +36,13 @@
> > #include <linux/string.h>
> > #include <linux/types.h>
> > #include <linux/mutex.h>
> > +#include <linux/acpi.h>
> > #include <asm/io.h>
> >
> > #include "dcdbas.h"
> >
> > #define DRIVER_NAME "dcdbas"
> > -#define DRIVER_VERSION "5.6.0-3.2"
> > +#define DRIVER_VERSION "5.6.0-3.3"
> > #define DRIVER_DESCRIPTION "Dell Systems Management Base Driver"
> >
> > static struct platform_device *dcdbas_pdev; @@ -49,19 +50,23 @@ static
> > struct platform_device *dcdbas_pdev; static u8 *smi_data_buf; static
> > dma_addr_t smi_data_buf_handle; static unsigned long smi_data_buf_size;
> > +static unsigned long max_smi_data_buf_size = MAX_SMI_DATA_BUF_SIZE;
> > static u32 smi_data_buf_phys_addr;
> > static DEFINE_MUTEX(smi_data_lock);
> > +static u8 *eps_buffer;
> >
> > static unsigned int host_control_action; static unsigned int
> > host_control_smi_type; static unsigned int host_control_on_shutdown;
> >
> > +static bool wsmt_enabled;
> > +
> > /**
> > * smi_data_buf_free: free SMI data buffer
> > */
> > static void smi_data_buf_free(void)
> > {
> > - if (!smi_data_buf)
> > + if (!smi_data_buf || wsmt_enabled)
> > return;
> >
> > dev_dbg(&dcdbas_pdev->dev, "%s: phys: %x size: %lu\n", @@ -86,7
> > +91,7 @@ static int smi_data_buf_realloc(unsigned long size)
> > if (smi_data_buf_size >= size)
> > return 0;
> >
> > - if (size > MAX_SMI_DATA_BUF_SIZE)
> > + if (size > max_smi_data_buf_size)
> > return -EINVAL;
> >
> > /* new buffer is needed */
> > @@ -169,7 +174,7 @@ static ssize_t smi_data_write(struct file *filp, struct
> > kobject *kobj, {
> > ssize_t ret;
> >
> > - if ((pos + count) > MAX_SMI_DATA_BUF_SIZE)
> > + if ((pos + count) > max_smi_data_buf_size)
> > return -EINVAL;
> >
> > mutex_lock(&smi_data_lock);
> > @@ -323,7 +328,8 @@ static ssize_t smi_request_store(struct device *dev,
> > break;
> > case 1:
> > /* Calling Interface SMI */
> > - smi_cmd->ebx = (u32) virt_to_phys(smi_cmd-
> > >command_buffer);
> > + smi_cmd->ebx = smi_data_buf_phys_addr
> > + + offsetof(struct smi_cmd,
> > command_buffer);
> > ret = dcdbas_smi_request(smi_cmd);
> > if (!ret)
> > ret = count;
> > @@ -482,6 +488,85 @@ static void dcdbas_host_control(void)
> > }
> > }
> >
> > +/* WSMT */
> > +
> > +static u8 checksum(u8 *buffer, u8 length) {
> > + u8 sum = 0;
> > + u8 *end = buffer + length;
> > +
> > + while (buffer < end)
> > + sum = (u8)(sum + *(buffer++));
> > + return sum;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static inline struct smm_eps_table *check_eps_table(u8 *addr) {
> > + struct smm_eps_table *eps = (struct smm_eps_table *)addr;
> > +
> > + if (strncmp(SMM_EPS_SIG, eps->smm_comm_buff_anchor, 4) != 0)
> > + return NULL;
> > +
> > + if (checksum(addr, eps->length) != 0)
> > + return NULL;
> > +
> > + return eps;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int dcdbas_check_wsmt(void)
> > +{
> > + struct acpi_table_wsmt *wsmt = NULL;
> > + struct smm_eps_table *eps = NULL;
> > + u8 *addr;
> > +
> > + acpi_get_table(ACPI_SIG_WSMT, 0, (struct acpi_table_header
> > **)&wsmt);
> > + if (!wsmt)
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > + /* Check if WSMT ACPI table shows that protection is enabled */
> > + if (!(wsmt->protection_flags &
> > ACPI_WSMT_FIXED_COMM_BUFFERS)
> > + || !(wsmt->protection_flags
> > + &
> > ACPI_WSMT_COMM_BUFFER_NESTED_PTR_PROTECTION))
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > + /* Scan for EPS (entry point structure) */
> > + for (addr = (u8 *)__va(0xf0000);
> > + addr < (u8 *)__va(0x100000 - sizeof(struct smm_eps_table)) &&
> > !eps;
> > + addr += 1)
> > + eps = check_eps_table(addr);
> > +
> > + if (!eps) {
> > + dev_dbg(&dcdbas_pdev->dev, "found WSMT, but no EPS
> > found\n");
> > + return -ENODEV;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Get physical address of buffer and map to virtual address.
> > + * Table gives size in 4K pages, regardless of actual system page size.
> > + */
> > + if (eps->smm_comm_buff_addr + 8 > U32_MAX) {
> > + dev_warn(&dcdbas_pdev->dev, "found WSMT, but EPS
> > buffer address is above 4GB\n");
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > + eps_buffer = (u8 *)memremap(eps->smm_comm_buff_addr,
> > + eps->num_of_4k_pages * 4096,
> > MEMREMAP_WB);
> > + if (!eps_buffer) {
> > + dev_warn(&dcdbas_pdev->dev, "found WSMT, but failed to
> > map EPS buffer\n");
> > + return -ENOMEM;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* First 8 bytes of buffer is for semaphore */
> > + smi_data_buf_phys_addr = (u32) eps->smm_comm_buff_addr + 8;
> > + smi_data_buf = eps_buffer + 8;
> > + smi_data_buf_size = (unsigned long) min(eps->num_of_4k_pages *
> > 4096 - 8,
> > + (u64) ULONG_MAX);
> > + max_smi_data_buf_size = smi_data_buf_size;
> > + wsmt_enabled = true;
> > + dev_info(&dcdbas_pdev->dev,
> > + "WSMT found, using firmware-provided SMI buffer.\n");
> > + return 1;
> > +}
> > +
> > /**
> > * dcdbas_reboot_notify: handle reboot notification for host control
> > */
> > @@ -548,6 +633,11 @@ static int dcdbas_probe(struct platform_device
> > *dev)
> >
> > dcdbas_pdev = dev;
> >
> > + /* Check if ACPI WSMT table specifies protected SMI buffer address
> > */
> > + error = dcdbas_check_wsmt();
> > + if (error < 0)
> > + return error;
> > +
> > /*
> > * BIOS SMI calls require buffer addresses be in 32-bit address space.
> > * This is done by setting the DMA mask below.
> > @@ -635,6 +725,8 @@ static void __exit dcdbas_exit(void)
> > */
> > if (dcdbas_pdev)
> > smi_data_buf_free();
> > + if (eps_buffer)
> > + memunmap(eps_buffer);
> > platform_device_unregister(dcdbas_pdev_reg);
> > platform_driver_unregister(&dcdbas_driver);
> > }
> > diff --git a/drivers/firmware/dcdbas.h b/drivers/firmware/dcdbas.h index
> > ca3cb0a54ab6..7ea5b3e070b9 100644
> > --- a/drivers/firmware/dcdbas.h
> > +++ b/drivers/firmware/dcdbas.h
> > @@ -54,6 +54,8 @@
> >
> > #define SMI_CMD_MAGIC (0x534D4931)
> >
> > +#define SMM_EPS_SIG "$SCB"
> > +
> > #define DCDBAS_DEV_ATTR_RW(_name) \
> > DEVICE_ATTR(_name,0600,_name##_show,_name##_store);
> >
> > @@ -103,5 +105,14 @@ struct apm_cmd {
> >
> > int dcdbas_smi_request(struct smi_cmd *smi_cmd);
> >
> > +struct smm_eps_table {
> > + char smm_comm_buff_anchor[4];
> > + u8 length;
> > + u8 checksum;
> > + u8 version;
> > + u64 smm_comm_buff_addr;
> > + u64 num_of_4k_pages;
> > +} __packed;
> > +
> > #endif /* _DCDBAS_H_ */
> >
> > --
> > 2.14.2
>
> Acked-by: Doug Warzecha <douglas_warzecha@dell.com>

I tested this patch on an XPS 9370 which supports WSMT
protections but does not declare an EPS.

The patch operated as it should with dcdbas failing to probe.
other drivers in tree that use dcdbas (such as dell-smbios)
don't initialize that backend as they shouldn't. The WMI backend
is used in this instance as it should be.

I know that Stuart already confirmed on a machine that supports
WSMT with EPS to develop this patch.

Tested-by: Mario Limonciello <mario.limonciello@dell.com>

Doug - do you have commit access to bring this into -next or someone
who is already agreeing to bring this in for you?
If not, I'd like to ask if Darren can bring this in through platform-x86.

Darren,

This patch from Stuart is important for certain classes of machines this
year that adopt WSMT but don't support a WMI alternative. It's possible
that WSMT will always enforce in these classes of machines so this will
break all access to this interface without this patch.
They will declare a way to let DCDBAS work properly (by declaring a memory
region with a special signature indicate that DCDBAS can perform requests there.

Thanks,
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