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SubjectRe: [PATCH] kdump: add default crashkernel reserve kernel config options
V Thu, 24 May 2018 11:34:05 -0500 (Eric W. Biederman) napsáno:

> Petr Tesarik <> writes:
> 2> On Thu, 24 May 2018 09:49:05 +0800
> > Dave Young <> wrote:
> >
> >> Hi Petr,
> >>
> >> On 05/23/18 at 10:22pm, Petr Tesarik wrote:
> >>[...]
> >> > In short, if one size fits none, what good is it to hardcode that "one
> >> > size" into the kernel image?
> >>
> >> I agreed with all the things that we can not know the exact memory
> >> requirement for 100% use cases. But that does not means this is useless
> >> it is still useful for common use cases of no special and memory hog
> >> requirements as I mentioned in another reply it can simplify the kdump
> >> deployment for those people who do not need the special setup.
> >
> > I still tend to disagree. This "common-case" reservation depends on
> > things that are defined by user space. It surely does not make it
> > easier to build a distribution kernel. Today, I get bug reports that
> > the number calculated and added to the boot loader configuration by the
> > installer is inaccurate. If I put a fixed number into a kernel config
> > option, I will start getting bugs that this number is incorrect (for
> > some systems).
> >
> >> For example, if this is a workstation I just want to break into a shell
> >> to collect some panic info, then I just need a very minimal initrd, then
> >> the Kconfig will work just fine.
> >
> > What is "a very minimal initrd"? Last time I had to make a significant
> > adjustment to the estimation for openSUSE, this was caused by growing
> > user-space requirements (systemd in this case, but I don't want to
> > start flamewars on that topic, please).
> >
> > Anyway, if you want to improve the "common case", then look how IBM
> > tries to solve it for firmware-assisted dump (fadump) on powerpc:
> >
> >
> >
> > The main idea is:
> >
> >> Instead of setting aside a significant chunk of memory nobody can use,
> >> [...] reserve a significant chunk of memory that the kernel is prevented
> >> from using [...], but applications are free to use it.
> >
> > That works great, because user space pages are filtered out in the
> > common case, so they can be used freely by the panic kernel.
> They absolutely can not be used in the kdump case.
> The kdump requirement is that they are pages no-one initiates any I/O
> to. To avoid the problem of devices doing DMA as the new kernel starts
> and runs.

Good point. This means that memory reserved for this purpose would also
have to be excluded from allocations that may be eventually used for
DMA transfers.

> Secondarily to avoid problems with cpus that refused to halt.

Let's face it - if some CPUs refused to halt, all bets are off. The
code running on such a CPU can break many other things besides memory,
most importantly, it may meddle with the HW registers of crucial
devices in the system. To be less abstract, I have seen a failure to
stop a CPU in the crashed kernel a few times, and the panic kernel
could never successfully save anything; it always crashed at boot or a
little bit later.

Anyway, of course we would still have to keep the current method,
because user pages are not always filtered. For example, a major SUSE
account runs a database in user space and also inspects its data
structures in case of a system crash.

Petr T

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