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SubjectRe: [PATCH] bdi: Move cgroup bdi_writeback to a dedicated low concurrency workqueue
On Wed 23-05-18 10:56:32, Tejun Heo wrote:
> From 0aa2e9b921d6db71150633ff290199554f0842a8 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> From: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
> Date: Wed, 23 May 2018 10:29:00 -0700
>
> cgwb_release() punts the actual release to cgwb_release_workfn() on
> system_wq. Depending on the number of cgroups or block devices, there
> can be a lot of cgwb_release_workfn() in flight at the same time.
>
> We're periodically seeing close to 256 kworkers getting stuck with the
> following stack trace and overtime the entire system gets stuck.

OK, but that means that you have to have 256 block devices, don't you? As
we have a bdi per device and we call synchronize_rcu_expedited() only when
unregistering bdi (and the corresponding request queue must be gone at that
point as well as that's otherwise holding a reference). Am I understanding
the situation correctly?

> [<ffffffff810ee40c>] _synchronize_rcu_expedited.constprop.72+0x2fc/0x330
> [<ffffffff810ee634>] synchronize_rcu_expedited+0x24/0x30
> [<ffffffff811ccf23>] bdi_unregister+0x53/0x290
> [<ffffffff811cd1e9>] release_bdi+0x89/0xc0
> [<ffffffff811cd645>] wb_exit+0x85/0xa0
> [<ffffffff811cdc84>] cgwb_release_workfn+0x54/0xb0
> [<ffffffff810a68d0>] process_one_work+0x150/0x410
> [<ffffffff810a71fd>] worker_thread+0x6d/0x520
> [<ffffffff810ad3dc>] kthread+0x12c/0x160
> [<ffffffff81969019>] ret_from_fork+0x29/0x40
> [<ffffffffffffffff>] 0xffffffffffffffff
>
> The events leading to the lockup are...
>
> 1. A lot of cgwb_release_workfn() is queued at the same time and all
> system_wq kworkers are assigned to execute them.
>
> 2. They all end up calling synchronize_rcu_expedited(). One of them
> wins and tries to perform the expedited synchronization.
>
> 3. However, that invovles queueing rcu_exp_work to system_wq and
> waiting for it. Because #1 is holding all available kworkers on
> system_wq, rcu_exp_work can't be executed. cgwb_release_workfn()
> is waiting for synchronize_rcu_expedited() which in turn is waiting
> for cgwb_release_workfn() to free up some of the kworkers.
>
> We shouldn't be scheduling hundreds of cgwb_release_workfn() at the
> same time. There's nothing to be gained from that. This patch
> updates cgwb release path to use a dedicated percpu workqueue with
> @max_active of 1.

As Rik wrote, some paralelism is good to reduce number of forced grace
periods so raising this to 16 is good. I was thinking whether we could not
batch rcu grace periods in some explicit way but that would be difficult to
do.

But thinking a bit more about this, if we made bdi RCU freed, we could just
avoid the synchronize_rcu_expedited() in bdi_remove_from_list() altogether.
The uses of bdi list are pretty limited and everybody ends up testing
WB_registered bit before doing anything anyway... What do you think?

Other than that you can add:

Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>

to this patch when updated to increase concurrency as that's a good short
term solution (for stable kernels) anyway.

Honza

> While this resolves the problem at hand, it might be a good idea to
> isolate rcu_exp_work to its own workqueue too as it can be used from
> various paths and is prone to this sort of indirect A-A deadlocks.
>
> Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org



> ---
> mm/backing-dev.c | 18 +++++++++++++++++-
> 1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/mm/backing-dev.c b/mm/backing-dev.c
> index 7441bd9..8fe3ebd 100644
> --- a/mm/backing-dev.c
> +++ b/mm/backing-dev.c
> @@ -412,6 +412,7 @@ static void wb_exit(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
> * protected.
> */
> static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(cgwb_lock);
> +static struct workqueue_struct *cgwb_release_wq;
>
> /**
> * wb_congested_get_create - get or create a wb_congested
> @@ -522,7 +523,7 @@ static void cgwb_release(struct percpu_ref *refcnt)
> {
> struct bdi_writeback *wb = container_of(refcnt, struct bdi_writeback,
> refcnt);
> - schedule_work(&wb->release_work);
> + queue_work(cgwb_release_wq, &wb->release_work);
> }
>
> static void cgwb_kill(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
> @@ -784,6 +785,21 @@ static void cgwb_bdi_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
> spin_unlock_irq(&cgwb_lock);
> }
>
> +static int __init cgwb_init(void)
> +{
> + /*
> + * There can be many concurrent release work items overwhelming
> + * system_wq. Put them in a separate wq and limit concurrency.
> + * There's no point in executing many of these in parallel.
> + */
> + cgwb_release_wq = alloc_workqueue("cgwb_release", 0, 1);
> + if (!cgwb_release_wq)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +subsys_initcall(cgwb_init);
> +
> #else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */
>
> static int cgwb_bdi_init(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
> --
> 2.9.5
>
>
--
Jan Kara <jack@suse.com>
SUSE Labs, CR

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