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SubjectRe: [PATCH] userfaultfd: prevent non-cooperative events vs mcopy_atomic races
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On 05/24/2018 02:56 PM, Mike Rapoport wrote:
> On Thu, May 24, 2018 at 02:24:37PM +0300, Pavel Emelyanov wrote:
>> On 05/23/2018 10:42 AM, Mike Rapoport wrote:
>>> If a process monitored with userfaultfd changes it's memory mappings or
>>> forks() at the same time as uffd monitor fills the process memory with
>>> UFFDIO_COPY, the actual creation of page table entries and copying of the
>>> data in mcopy_atomic may happen either before of after the memory mapping
>>> modifications and there is no way for the uffd monitor to maintain
>>> consistent view of the process memory layout.
>>>
>>> For instance, let's consider fork() running in parallel with
>>> userfaultfd_copy():
>>>
>>> process | uffd monitor
>>> ---------------------------------+------------------------------
>>> fork() | userfaultfd_copy()
>>> ... | ...
>>> dup_mmap() | down_read(mmap_sem)
>>> down_write(mmap_sem) | /* create PTEs, copy data */
>>> dup_uffd() | up_read(mmap_sem)
>>> copy_page_range() |
>>> up_write(mmap_sem) |
>>> dup_uffd_complete() |
>>> /* notify monitor */ |
>>>
>>> If the userfaultfd_copy() takes the mmap_sem first, the new page(s) will be
>>> present by the time copy_page_range() is called and they will appear in the
>>> child's memory mappings. However, if the fork() is the first to take the
>>> mmap_sem, the new pages won't be mapped in the child's address space.
>>
>> But in this case child should get an entry, that emits a message to uffd when step upon!
>> And uffd will just userfaultfd_copy() it again. No?
>
> There will be a message, indeed. But there is no way for monitor to tell
> whether the pages it copied are present or not in the child.

If there's a message, then they are not present, that's for sure :)

> Since the monitor cannot assume that the process will access all its memory
> it has to copy some pages "in the background". A simple monitor may look
> like:
>
> for (;;) {
> wait_for_uffd_events(timeout);
> handle_uffd_events();
> uffd_copy(some not faulted pages);
> }
>
> Then, if the "background" uffd_copy() races with fork, the pages we've
> copied may be already present in parent's mappings before the call to
> copy_page_range() and may be not.
>
> If the pages were not present, uffd_copy'ing them again to the child's
> memory would be ok.

Yes.

> But if uffd_copy() was first to catch mmap_sem, and we would uffd_copy them
> again, child process will get memory corruption.

You mean the background uffd_copy()? But doesn't it race even with regular PF handling,
not only the fork? How do we handle this race?

-- Pavel

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