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SubjectRe: [PATCH] bdi: Move cgroup bdi_writeback to a dedicated low concurrency workqueue
On Wed, May 23, 2018 at 10:56:32AM -0700, Tejun Heo wrote:
> >From 0aa2e9b921d6db71150633ff290199554f0842a8 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> From: Tejun Heo <>
> Date: Wed, 23 May 2018 10:29:00 -0700
> cgwb_release() punts the actual release to cgwb_release_workfn() on
> system_wq. Depending on the number of cgroups or block devices, there
> can be a lot of cgwb_release_workfn() in flight at the same time.
> We're periodically seeing close to 256 kworkers getting stuck with the
> following stack trace and overtime the entire system gets stuck.
> [<ffffffff810ee40c>] _synchronize_rcu_expedited.constprop.72+0x2fc/0x330
> [<ffffffff810ee634>] synchronize_rcu_expedited+0x24/0x30
> [<ffffffff811ccf23>] bdi_unregister+0x53/0x290
> [<ffffffff811cd1e9>] release_bdi+0x89/0xc0
> [<ffffffff811cd645>] wb_exit+0x85/0xa0
> [<ffffffff811cdc84>] cgwb_release_workfn+0x54/0xb0
> [<ffffffff810a68d0>] process_one_work+0x150/0x410
> [<ffffffff810a71fd>] worker_thread+0x6d/0x520
> [<ffffffff810ad3dc>] kthread+0x12c/0x160
> [<ffffffff81969019>] ret_from_fork+0x29/0x40
> [<ffffffffffffffff>] 0xffffffffffffffff
> The events leading to the lockup are...
> 1. A lot of cgwb_release_workfn() is queued at the same time and all
> system_wq kworkers are assigned to execute them.
> 2. They all end up calling synchronize_rcu_expedited(). One of them
> wins and tries to perform the expedited synchronization.
> 3. However, that invovles queueing rcu_exp_work to system_wq and
> waiting for it. Because #1 is holding all available kworkers on
> system_wq, rcu_exp_work can't be executed. cgwb_release_workfn()
> is waiting for synchronize_rcu_expedited() which in turn is waiting
> for cgwb_release_workfn() to free up some of the kworkers.
> We shouldn't be scheduling hundreds of cgwb_release_workfn() at the
> same time. There's nothing to be gained from that. This patch
> updates cgwb release path to use a dedicated percpu workqueue with
> @max_active of 1.
> While this resolves the problem at hand, it might be a good idea to
> isolate rcu_exp_work to its own workqueue too as it can be used from
> various paths and is prone to this sort of indirect A-A deadlocks.

Commit ad7c946b35ad4 ("rcu: Create RCU-specific workqueues with rescuers")
was accepted into mainline this past merge window. Does that do what
you want, or are you looking for something else?

Thanx, Paul

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