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SubjectRe: [PATCH 8/9] PM / Domains: Add support for multi PM domains per device to genpd

On 23/05/18 10:47, Ulf Hansson wrote:
> On 23 May 2018 at 11:45, Jon Hunter <> wrote:
>> On 23/05/18 10:33, Ulf Hansson wrote:
>>> On 23 May 2018 at 11:27, Rajendra Nayak <> wrote:
>>>> On 05/23/2018 02:37 PM, Jon Hunter wrote:
>>>>> On 23/05/18 07:12, Ulf Hansson wrote:
>>>>> ...
>>>>>>>>>> Thanks for sending this. Believe it or not this has still been on
>>>>>>>>>> my to-do list
>>>>>>>>>> and so we definitely need a solution for Tegra.
>>>>>>>>>> Looking at the above it appears that additional power-domains
>>>>>>>>>> exposed as devices
>>>>>>>>>> to the client device. So I assume that this means that the drivers
>>>>>>>>>> for devices
>>>>>>>>>> with multiple power-domains will need to call RPM APIs for each of
>>>>>>>>>> these
>>>>>>>>>> additional power-domains. Is that correct?
>>>>>>>>> They can, but should not!
>>>>>>>>> Instead, the driver shall use device_link_add() and
>>>>>>>>> device_link_del(),
>>>>>>>>> dynamically, depending on what PM domain that their original device
>>>>>>>>> needs for the current running use case.
>>>>>>>>> In that way, they keep existing runtime PM deployment, operating on
>>>>>>>>> its original device.
>>>>>>>> OK, sounds good. Any reason why the linking cannot be handled by the
>>>>>>>> above API? Is there a use-case where you would not want it linked?
>>>>>>> I am guessing the linking is what would give the driver the ability to
>>>>>>> decide which subset of powerdomains it actually wants to control
>>>>>>> at any point using runtime PM. If we have cases wherein the driver
>>>>>>> would want to turn on/off _all_ its associated powerdomains _always_
>>>>>>> then a default linking of all would help.
>>>>>> First, I think we need to decide on *where* the linking should be
>>>>>> done, not at both places, as that would just mess up synchronization
>>>>>> of who is responsible for calling the device_link_del() at detach.
>>>>>> Second, It would in principle be fine to call device_link_add() and
>>>>>> device_link_del() as a part of the attach/detach APIs. However, there
>>>>>> is a downside to such solution, which would be that the driver then
>>>>>> needs call the detach API, just to do device_link_del(). Of course
>>>>>> then it would also needs to call the attach API later if/when needed.
>>>>>> Doing this adds unnecessary overhead - comparing to just let the
>>>>>> driver call device_link_add|del() when needed. On the upside, yes, it
>>>>>> would put less burden on the drivers as it then only needs to care
>>>>>> about using one set of functions.
>>>>>> Which solution do you prefer?
>>>>> Any reason why we could not add a 'boolean' argument to the API to
>>>>> indicate whether the new device should be linked? I think that I prefer the
>>>>> API handles it, but I can see there could be instances where drivers may
>>>>> wish to handle it themselves.
>>>>> Rajendra, do you have a use-case right now where the driver would want
>>>>> to handle the linking?
>>>> So if I understand this right, any driver which does want to control
>>>> individual powerdomain state would
>>>> need to do the linking itself right?
>>>> What I am saying is, if I have device A, with powerdomains X and Y, and
>>>> if I want to turn on only X,
>>>> then I would want only X to be linked with A, and at a later point if I
>>>> want both X and Y to be turned on,
>>>> I would then go ahead and link both X and Y to A? Is that correct or did
>>>> I get it all wrong?
>>> Correct!
>>>> I know atleast Camera on msm8996 would need to do this since it has 2 vfe
>>>> powerdoamins, which can be
>>>> turned on one at a time (depending on what resolution needs to be
>>>> supported) or both together if we
>>>> really need very high resolution using both vfe modules.
>>> I think this is also the case for the Tegra XUSB subsystem.
>>> The usb device is always attached to one PM domain, but depending on
>>> if super-speed mode is used, another PM domain for that logic needs to
>>> be powered on as well.
>>> Jon, please correct me if I am wrong!
>> Yes this is technically correct, however, in reality I think we are always
>> going to enable the superspeed domain if either the host or device domain is
>> enabled. So we would probably always link the superspeed with the host and
>> device devices.
> Why? Wouldn't that waste power if the superspeed mode isn't used?

Simply to reduce complexity.



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