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Subject[PATCH v3 7/7] media: imx274: add SELECTION support for cropping
Date
Currently this driver does not support cropping. The supported modes
are the following, all capturing the entire area:

- 3840x2160, 1:1 binning (native sensor resolution)
- 1920x1080, 2:1 binning
- 1280x720, 3:1 binning

The set_fmt callback chooses among these 3 configurations the one that
matches the requested format.

Adding support to VIDIOC_SUBDEV_G_SELECTION and
VIDIOC_SUBDEV_S_SELECTION involved a complete rewrite of set_fmt,
which now chooses the most appropriate binning based on the ratio
between the previously-set cropping size and the format size being
requested.

Also change the names in enum imx274_mode from being resolution-based
to being binning-based (e.g. from IMX274_MODE_1920X1080 to
IMX274_MODE_BINNING_2_1). Without cropping, the two naming are
equivalent. With cropping, the resolution could be different,
e.g. using 2:1 binning mode to crop 1200x960 and output a 600x480
format. Using binning in the names avoids any misunderstanding.

Signed-off-by: Luca Ceresoli <luca@lucaceresoli.net>
Cc: Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@linux.intel.com>

---
Changed v2 -> v3:
- Remove hard-coded HMAX reg setting from all modes, not only the
first one. HMAX is always computed and set in s_stream now.
- Reword commit log message.

Changed v1 -> v2:
- add "media: " prefix to commit message
---
drivers/media/i2c/imx274.c | 272 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
1 file changed, 192 insertions(+), 80 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/media/i2c/imx274.c b/drivers/media/i2c/imx274.c
index e5ba19b97083..f5819ce99e98 100644
--- a/drivers/media/i2c/imx274.c
+++ b/drivers/media/i2c/imx274.c
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
* along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*/

+#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/clk.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/gpio.h>
@@ -74,7 +75,7 @@
*/
#define IMX274_MIN_EXPOSURE_TIME (4 * 260 / 72)

-#define IMX274_DEFAULT_MODE IMX274_MODE_3840X2160
+#define IMX274_DEFAULT_MODE IMX274_MODE_BINNING_OFF
#define IMX274_MAX_WIDTH (3840)
#define IMX274_MAX_HEIGHT (2160)
#define IMX274_MAX_FRAME_RATE (120)
@@ -111,6 +112,20 @@
#define IMX274_SHR_REG_LSB 0x300C /* SHR */
#define IMX274_SVR_REG_MSB 0x300F /* SVR */
#define IMX274_SVR_REG_LSB 0x300E /* SVR */
+#define IMX274_HTRIM_EN_REG 0x3037
+#define IMX274_HTRIM_START_REG_LSB 0x3038
+#define IMX274_HTRIM_START_REG_MSB 0x3039
+#define IMX274_HTRIM_END_REG_LSB 0x303A
+#define IMX274_HTRIM_END_REG_MSB 0x303B
+#define IMX274_VWIDCUTEN_REG 0x30DD
+#define IMX274_VWIDCUT_REG_LSB 0x30DE
+#define IMX274_VWIDCUT_REG_MSB 0x30DF
+#define IMX274_VWINPOS_REG_LSB 0x30E0
+#define IMX274_VWINPOS_REG_MSB 0x30E1
+#define IMX274_WRITE_VSIZE_REG_LSB 0x3130
+#define IMX274_WRITE_VSIZE_REG_MSB 0x3131
+#define IMX274_Y_OUT_SIZE_REG_LSB 0x3132
+#define IMX274_Y_OUT_SIZE_REG_MSB 0x3133
#define IMX274_VMAX_REG_1 0x30FA /* VMAX, MSB */
#define IMX274_VMAX_REG_2 0x30F9 /* VMAX */
#define IMX274_VMAX_REG_3 0x30F8 /* VMAX, LSB */
@@ -141,9 +156,9 @@ static const struct regmap_config imx274_regmap_config = {
};

enum imx274_mode {
- IMX274_MODE_3840X2160,
- IMX274_MODE_1920X1080,
- IMX274_MODE_1280X720,
+ IMX274_MODE_BINNING_OFF,
+ IMX274_MODE_BINNING_2_1,
+ IMX274_MODE_BINNING_3_1,
};

/*
@@ -215,31 +230,14 @@ static const struct reg_8 imx274_mode1_3840x2160_raw10[] = {
{0x3004, 0x01},
{0x3005, 0x01},
{0x3006, 0x00},
- {0x3007, 0x02},
+ {0x3007, 0xa2},

{0x3018, 0xA2}, /* output XVS, HVS */

{0x306B, 0x05},
{0x30E2, 0x01},
- {0x30F6, 0x07}, /* HMAX, 263 */
- {0x30F7, 0x01}, /* HMAX */
-
- {0x30dd, 0x01}, /* crop to 2160 */
- {0x30de, 0x06},
- {0x30df, 0x00},
- {0x30e0, 0x12},
- {0x30e1, 0x00},
- {0x3037, 0x01}, /* to crop to 3840 */
- {0x3038, 0x0c},
- {0x3039, 0x00},
- {0x303a, 0x0c},
- {0x303b, 0x0f},

{0x30EE, 0x01},
- {0x3130, 0x86},
- {0x3131, 0x08},
- {0x3132, 0x7E},
- {0x3133, 0x08},
{0x3342, 0x0A},
{0x3343, 0x00},
{0x3344, 0x16},
@@ -273,32 +271,14 @@ static const struct reg_8 imx274_mode3_1920x1080_raw10[] = {
{0x3004, 0x02},
{0x3005, 0x21},
{0x3006, 0x00},
- {0x3007, 0x11},
+ {0x3007, 0xb1},

{0x3018, 0xA2}, /* output XVS, HVS */

{0x306B, 0x05},
{0x30E2, 0x02},

- {0x30F6, 0x04}, /* HMAX, 260 */
- {0x30F7, 0x01}, /* HMAX */
-
- {0x30dd, 0x01}, /* to crop to 1920x1080 */
- {0x30de, 0x05},
- {0x30df, 0x00},
- {0x30e0, 0x04},
- {0x30e1, 0x00},
- {0x3037, 0x01},
- {0x3038, 0x0c},
- {0x3039, 0x00},
- {0x303a, 0x0c},
- {0x303b, 0x0f},
-
{0x30EE, 0x01},
- {0x3130, 0x4E},
- {0x3131, 0x04},
- {0x3132, 0x46},
- {0x3133, 0x04},
{0x3342, 0x0A},
{0x3343, 0x00},
{0x3344, 0x1A},
@@ -331,31 +311,14 @@ static const struct reg_8 imx274_mode5_1280x720_raw10[] = {
{0x3004, 0x03},
{0x3005, 0x31},
{0x3006, 0x00},
- {0x3007, 0x09},
+ {0x3007, 0xa9},

{0x3018, 0xA2}, /* output XVS, HVS */

{0x306B, 0x05},
{0x30E2, 0x03},

- {0x30F6, 0x04}, /* HMAX, 260 */
- {0x30F7, 0x01}, /* HMAX */
-
- {0x30DD, 0x01},
- {0x30DE, 0x07},
- {0x30DF, 0x00},
- {0x40E0, 0x04},
- {0x30E1, 0x00},
- {0x3030, 0xD4},
- {0x3031, 0x02},
- {0x3032, 0xD0},
- {0x3033, 0x02},
-
{0x30EE, 0x01},
- {0x3130, 0xE2},
- {0x3131, 0x02},
- {0x3132, 0xDE},
- {0x3133, 0x02},
{0x3342, 0x0A},
{0x3343, 0x00},
{0x3344, 0x1B},
@@ -561,6 +524,7 @@ struct stimx274 {
struct imx274_ctrls ctrls;
struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt format;
struct v4l2_fract frame_interval;
+ struct v4l2_rect crop;
struct regmap *regmap;
struct gpio_desc *reset_gpio;
struct mutex lock; /* mutex lock for operations */
@@ -901,36 +865,30 @@ static int imx274_set_fmt(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
{
struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt *fmt = &format->format;
struct stimx274 *imx274 = to_imx274(sd);
- struct i2c_client *client = imx274->client;
- int index;
+ struct device *dev = &imx274->client->dev;
+ unsigned int ratio; /* Binning ratio */

- dev_dbg(&client->dev,
- "%s: width = %d height = %d code = %d\n",
- __func__, fmt->width, fmt->height, fmt->code);
+ dev_dbg(dev, "%s: request of %dx%d (%s)\n",
+ __func__, fmt->width, fmt->height,
+ V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_ACTIVE ? "ACTIVE" : "TRY");

mutex_lock(&imx274->lock);

- for (index = 0; index < ARRAY_SIZE(imx274_formats); index++) {
- if (imx274_formats[index].size.width == fmt->width &&
- imx274_formats[index].size.height == fmt->height)
+ /* Find ratio (maximize output resolution). Fallback to 1:1. */
+ for (ratio = 3; ratio > 1; ratio--)
+ if (fmt->width <= DIV_ROUND_UP(imx274->crop.width, ratio) &&
+ fmt->height <= DIV_ROUND_UP(imx274->crop.height, ratio))
break;
- }
-
- if (index >= ARRAY_SIZE(imx274_formats)) {
- /* default to first format */
- index = 0;
- }

- imx274->mode = &imx274_formats[index];
+ imx274->mode = &imx274_formats[ratio - 1];

- if (fmt->width > IMX274_MAX_WIDTH)
- fmt->width = IMX274_MAX_WIDTH;
- if (fmt->height > IMX274_MAX_HEIGHT)
- fmt->height = IMX274_MAX_HEIGHT;
- fmt->width = fmt->width & (~IMX274_MASK_LSB_2_BITS);
- fmt->height = fmt->height & (~IMX274_MASK_LSB_2_BITS);
+ fmt->width = imx274->crop.width / ratio;
+ fmt->height = imx274->crop.height / ratio;
fmt->field = V4L2_FIELD_NONE;

+ dev_dbg(dev, "%s: adjusted to %dx%d (%d:1 binning)\n",
+ __func__, fmt->width, fmt->height, ratio);
+
if (format->which == V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_TRY)
cfg->try_fmt = *fmt;
else
@@ -940,6 +898,152 @@ static int imx274_set_fmt(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
return 0;
}

+static int imx274_get_selection(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
+ struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
+ struct v4l2_subdev_selection *sel)
+{
+ struct stimx274 *imx274 = to_imx274(sd);
+
+ if (sel->pad != 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ switch (sel->target) {
+ case V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP_BOUNDS:
+ sel->r.left = 0;
+ sel->r.top = 0;
+ sel->r.width = IMX274_MAX_WIDTH;
+ sel->r.height = IMX274_MAX_HEIGHT;
+ return 0;
+ case V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP:
+ if (sel->which == V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_ACTIVE) {
+ mutex_lock(&imx274->lock);
+ sel->r = imx274->crop;
+ mutex_unlock(&imx274->lock);
+ } else {
+ sel->r = cfg->try_crop;
+ }
+ return 0;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int imx274_set_selection(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
+ struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
+ struct v4l2_subdev_selection *sel)
+{
+ struct stimx274 *imx274 = to_imx274(sd);
+ struct device *dev = &imx274->client->dev;
+ struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt *tgt_fmt;
+ struct v4l2_rect *tgt_crop;
+ struct v4l2_rect new_crop;
+
+ /*
+ * h_step could be 12 or 24 depending on the binning. But we
+ * won't know the binning until we choose the mode later in
+ * imx274_set_fmt(). Thus let's be safe and use the most
+ * conservative value in all cases.
+ */
+ const int h_step = 24;
+
+ dev_dbg(dev, "%s: request of (%d,%d)%dx%d (%s)\n", __func__,
+ sel->r.left, sel->r.top, sel->r.width, sel->r.height,
+ V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_ACTIVE ? "ACTIVE" : "TRY");
+
+ if (sel->target != V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP || sel->pad != 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ new_crop.width = rounddown(min_t(u32, sel->r.width, IMX274_MAX_WIDTH),
+ h_step);
+
+ /* Constraint: HTRIMMING_END - HTRIMMING_START >= 144 */
+ if (new_crop.width < 144)
+ new_crop.width = 144;
+
+ new_crop.left = min_t(u32, roundup(sel->r.left, h_step),
+ IMX274_MAX_WIDTH - new_crop.width);
+
+ new_crop.height =
+ ALIGN(min_t(u32, sel->r.height, IMX274_MAX_HEIGHT), 2);
+
+ new_crop.top = min_t(u32, ALIGN(sel->r.top, 2),
+ IMX274_MAX_HEIGHT - new_crop.height);
+
+ dev_dbg(dev, "%s: adjusted to (%d,%d)%dx%d", __func__,
+ new_crop.left, new_crop.top, new_crop.width, new_crop.height);
+
+ if (sel->which == V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_TRY) {
+ tgt_crop = &cfg->try_crop;
+ tgt_fmt = &cfg->try_fmt;
+ } else {
+ tgt_crop = &imx274->crop;
+ tgt_fmt = &imx274->format;
+ }
+
+ mutex_lock(&imx274->lock);
+
+ if (new_crop.width != tgt_crop->width ||
+ new_crop.height != tgt_crop->height) {
+ /* crop size changed, reset the output image size */
+ tgt_fmt->width = new_crop.width;
+ tgt_fmt->height = new_crop.height;
+ if (sel->which == V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_ACTIVE)
+ imx274->mode = &imx274_formats[IMX274_MODE_BINNING_OFF];
+ }
+
+ *tgt_crop = new_crop;
+
+ mutex_unlock(&imx274->lock);
+
+ sel->r = new_crop;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int imx274_set_trimming(struct stimx274 *imx274)
+{
+ u32 h_start;
+ u32 h_end;
+ u32 hmax;
+ u32 v_cut;
+ s32 v_pos;
+ u32 write_v_size;
+ u32 y_out_size;
+ struct reg_8 regs[17];
+
+ h_start = imx274->crop.left + 12;
+ h_end = h_start + imx274->crop.width;
+
+ /* Use the minimum allowed value of HMAX */
+ /* Note: except in mode 1, (width / 16 + 23) is always < hmax_min */
+ /* Note: 260 is the minimum HMAX in all implemented modes */
+ hmax = max_t(u32, 260, (imx274->crop.width) / 16 + 23);
+
+ /* invert v_pos if VFLIP */
+ v_pos = imx274->ctrls.vflip->cur.val ?
+ (-imx274->crop.top / 2) : (imx274->crop.top / 2);
+ v_cut = (IMX274_MAX_HEIGHT - imx274->crop.height) / 2;
+ write_v_size = imx274->crop.height + 22;
+ y_out_size = imx274->crop.height + 14;
+
+ prepare_reg(&regs[0], IMX274_HMAX_REG_LSB, hmax, 16);
+ prepare_reg(&regs[2], IMX274_HTRIM_EN_REG, 1, 1);
+ prepare_reg(&regs[3], IMX274_HTRIM_START_REG_LSB, h_start, 13);
+ prepare_reg(&regs[5], IMX274_HTRIM_END_REG_LSB, h_end, 13);
+
+ prepare_reg(&regs[7], IMX274_VWIDCUTEN_REG, 1, 1);
+ prepare_reg(&regs[8], IMX274_VWIDCUT_REG_LSB, v_cut, 11);
+ prepare_reg(&regs[10], IMX274_VWINPOS_REG_LSB, v_pos, 12);
+ prepare_reg(&regs[12], IMX274_WRITE_VSIZE_REG_LSB, write_v_size, 13);
+ prepare_reg(&regs[14], IMX274_Y_OUT_SIZE_REG_LSB, y_out_size, 13);
+
+ regs[16].addr = IMX274_TABLE_END;
+
+ return imx274_write_table(imx274, regs);
+}
+
/**
* imx274_g_frame_interval - Get the frame interval
* @sd: Pointer to V4L2 Sub device structure
@@ -1080,6 +1184,10 @@ static int imx274_s_stream(struct v4l2_subdev *sd, int on)
if (ret)
goto fail;

+ ret = imx274_set_trimming(imx274);
+ if (ret)
+ goto fail;
+
/*
* update frame rate & expsoure. if the last mode is different,
* HMAX could be changed. As the result, frame rate & exposure
@@ -1589,6 +1697,8 @@ static int imx274_set_frame_interval(struct stimx274 *priv,
static const struct v4l2_subdev_pad_ops imx274_pad_ops = {
.get_fmt = imx274_get_fmt,
.set_fmt = imx274_set_fmt,
+ .get_selection = imx274_get_selection,
+ .set_selection = imx274_set_selection,
};

static const struct v4l2_subdev_video_ops imx274_video_ops = {
@@ -1641,6 +1751,8 @@ static int imx274_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
imx274->format.colorspace = V4L2_COLORSPACE_SRGB;
imx274->frame_interval.numerator = 1;
imx274->frame_interval.denominator = IMX274_DEF_FRAME_RATE;
+ imx274->crop.width = imx274->mode->size.width;
+ imx274->crop.height = imx274->mode->size.height;

/* initialize regmap */
imx274->regmap = devm_regmap_init_i2c(client, &imx274_regmap_config);
--
2.7.4
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