lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [May]   [22]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
SubjectRe: [RESEND PATCH 2/5] mtd: rawnand: add NVIDIA Tegra NAND Flash controller driver
From
Date
On 22.05.2018 15:19, Stefan Agner wrote:
> [review sent to my first patch sent off-ml, moving to ml thread]
>
> On 21.05.2018 16:05, Dmitry Osipenko wrote:
>> Hello Stefan,
>>
>> I don't have expertise to review the actual NAND-related driver logic, so I only
>> reviewed the basics. The driver code looks good to me, though I've couple minor
>> comments.
>>
>> On 21.05.2018 03:16, Stefan Agner wrote:
>>> Add support for the NAND flash controller found on NVIDIA
>>> Tegra 2 SoCs. This implementation does not make use of the
>>> command queue feature. Regular operations/data transfers are
>>> done in PIO mode. Page read/writes with hardware ECC make
>>> use of the DMA for data transfer.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Lucas Stach <dev@lynxeye.de>
>>> Signed-off-by: Stefan Agner <stefan@agner.ch>
>>> ---
>>> MAINTAINERS | 7 +
>>> drivers/mtd/nand/raw/Kconfig | 6 +
>>> drivers/mtd/nand/raw/Makefile | 1 +
>>> drivers/mtd/nand/raw/tegra_nand.c | 915 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>> 4 files changed, 929 insertions(+)
>>> create mode 100644 drivers/mtd/nand/raw/tegra_nand.c
>>>
>>> diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
>>> index 58b9861ccf99..a65739681279 100644
>>> --- a/MAINTAINERS
>>> +++ b/MAINTAINERS
>>> @@ -13844,6 +13844,13 @@ M: Laxman Dewangan <ldewangan@nvidia.com>
>>> S: Supported
>>> F: drivers/input/keyboard/tegra-kbc.c
>>>
>>> +TEGRA NAND DRIVER
>>> +M: Stefan Agner <stefan@agner.ch>
>>> +M: Lucas Stach <dev@lynxeye.de>
>>> +S: Maintained
>>> +F: Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/nvidia,tegra20-nand.txt
>>> +F: drivers/mtd/nand/tegra_nand.c
>>> +
>>> TEGRA PWM DRIVER
>>> M: Thierry Reding <thierry.reding@gmail.com>
>>> S: Supported
>>> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/Kconfig b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/Kconfig
>>> index 19a2b283fbbe..bd56264233ca 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/Kconfig
>>> +++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/Kconfig
>>> @@ -534,4 +534,10 @@ config MTD_NAND_MTK
>>> Enables support for NAND controller on MTK SoCs.
>>> This controller is found on mt27xx, mt81xx, mt65xx SoCs.
>>>
>>> +config MTD_NAND_TEGRA
>>> + tristate "Support for NAND on NVIDIA Tegra"
>>> + depends on ARCH_TEGRA
>>> + help
>>> + Enables support for NAND flash on NVIDIA Tegra SoC based boards.
>>> +
>>> endif # MTD_NAND
>>> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/Makefile b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/Makefile
>>> index 165b7ef9e9a1..d5a5f9832b88 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/Makefile
>>> +++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/Makefile
>>> @@ -56,6 +56,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_HISI504) += hisi504_nand.o
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_BRCMNAND) += brcmnand/
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_QCOM) += qcom_nandc.o
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_MTK) += mtk_ecc.o mtk_nand.o
>>> +obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_TEGRA) += tegra_nand.o
>>>
>>> nand-objs := nand_base.o nand_bbt.o nand_timings.o nand_ids.o
>>> nand-objs += nand_amd.o
>>> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/tegra_nand.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/tegra_nand.c
>>> new file mode 100644
>>> index 000000000000..fa236e683fb8
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/tegra_nand.c
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,915 @@
>>> +/*
>>> + * Copyright (C) 2018 Stefan Agner <stefan@agner.ch>
>>> + * Copyright (C) 2014-2015 Lucas Stach <dev@lynxeye.de>
>>> + * Copyright (C) 2012 Avionic Design GmbH
>>> + *
>>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
>>> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
>>> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
>>> + */
>>> +
>>> +#include <linux/clk.h>
>>> +#include <linux/completion.h>
>>> +#include <linux/delay.h>
>>> +#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
>>> +#include <linux/err.h>
>>> +#include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
>>> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
>>> +#include <linux/io.h>
>>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>>> +#include <linux/mtd/partitions.h>
>>> +#include <linux/mtd/rawnand.h>
>>> +#include <linux/of.h>
>>> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>> +#include <linux/reset.h>
>>> +
>>> +#define CMD 0x00
>>> +#define CMD_GO (1 << 31)
>>> +#define CMD_CLE (1 << 30)
>>> +#define CMD_ALE (1 << 29)
>>> +#define CMD_PIO (1 << 28)
>>> +#define CMD_TX (1 << 27)
>>> +#define CMD_RX (1 << 26)
>>> +#define CMD_SEC_CMD (1 << 25)
>>> +#define CMD_AFT_DAT (1 << 24)
>>> +#define CMD_TRANS_SIZE(x) (((x - 1) & 0xf) << 20)
>>> +#define CMD_A_VALID (1 << 19)
>>> +#define CMD_B_VALID (1 << 18)
>>> +#define CMD_RD_STATUS_CHK (1 << 17)
>>> +#define CMD_RBSY_CHK (1 << 16)
>>> +#define CMD_CE(x) (1 << (8 + ((x) & 0x7)))
>>> +#define CMD_CLE_SIZE(x) (((x - 1) & 0x3) << 4)
>>> +#define CMD_ALE_SIZE(x) (((x - 1) & 0xf) << 0)
>>> +
>>> +#define STATUS 0x04
>>> +
>>> +#define ISR 0x08
>>> +#define ISR_CORRFAIL_ERR (1 << 24)
>>> +#define ISR_UND (1 << 7)
>>> +#define ISR_OVR (1 << 6)
>>> +#define ISR_CMD_DONE (1 << 5)
>>> +#define ISR_ECC_ERR (1 << 4)
>>> +
>>> +#define IER 0x0c
>>> +#define IER_ERR_TRIG_VAL(x) (((x) & 0xf) << 16)
>>> +#define IER_UND (1 << 7)
>>> +#define IER_OVR (1 << 6)
>>> +#define IER_CMD_DONE (1 << 5)
>>> +#define IER_ECC_ERR (1 << 4)
>>> +#define IER_GIE (1 << 0)
>>> +
>>> +#define CFG 0x10
>>> +#define CFG_HW_ECC (1 << 31)
>>> +#define CFG_ECC_SEL (1 << 30)
>>> +#define CFG_ERR_COR (1 << 29)
>>> +#define CFG_PIPE_EN (1 << 28)
>>> +#define CFG_TVAL_4 (0 << 24)
>>> +#define CFG_TVAL_6 (1 << 24)
>>> +#define CFG_TVAL_8 (2 << 24)
>>> +#define CFG_SKIP_SPARE (1 << 23)
>>> +#define CFG_BUS_WIDTH_8 (0 << 21)
>>> +#define CFG_BUS_WIDTH_16 (1 << 21)
>>> +#define CFG_COM_BSY (1 << 20)
>>> +#define CFG_PS_256 (0 << 16)
>>> +#define CFG_PS_512 (1 << 16)
>>> +#define CFG_PS_1024 (2 << 16)
>>> +#define CFG_PS_2048 (3 << 16)
>>> +#define CFG_PS_4096 (4 << 16)
>>> +#define CFG_SKIP_SPARE_SIZE_4 (0 << 14)
>>> +#define CFG_SKIP_SPARE_SIZE_8 (1 << 14)
>>> +#define CFG_SKIP_SPARE_SIZE_12 (2 << 14)
>>> +#define CFG_SKIP_SPARE_SIZE_16 (3 << 14)
>>> +#define CFG_TAG_BYTE_SIZE(x) ((x) & 0xff)
>>> +
>>> +#define TIMING_1 0x14
>>> +#define TIMING_TRP_RESP(x) (((x) & 0xf) << 28)
>>> +#define TIMING_TWB(x) (((x) & 0xf) << 24)
>>> +#define TIMING_TCR_TAR_TRR(x) (((x) & 0xf) << 20)
>>> +#define TIMING_TWHR(x) (((x) & 0xf) << 16)
>>> +#define TIMING_TCS(x) (((x) & 0x3) << 14)
>>> +#define TIMING_TWH(x) (((x) & 0x3) << 12)
>>> +#define TIMING_TWP(x) (((x) & 0xf) << 8)
>>> +#define TIMING_TRH(x) (((x) & 0xf) << 4)
>>> +#define TIMING_TRP(x) (((x) & 0xf) << 0)
>>> +
>>> +#define RESP 0x18
>>> +
>>> +#define TIMING_2 0x1c
>>> +#define TIMING_TADL(x) ((x) & 0xf)
>>> +
>>> +#define CMD_1 0x20
>>> +#define CMD_2 0x24
>>> +#define ADDR_1 0x28
>>> +#define ADDR_2 0x2c
>>> +
>>> +#define DMA_CTRL 0x30
>>> +#define DMA_CTRL_GO (1 << 31)
>>> +#define DMA_CTRL_IN (0 << 30)
>>> +#define DMA_CTRL_OUT (1 << 30)
>>> +#define DMA_CTRL_PERF_EN (1 << 29)
>>> +#define DMA_CTRL_IE_DONE (1 << 28)
>>> +#define DMA_CTRL_REUSE (1 << 27)
>>> +#define DMA_CTRL_BURST_1 (2 << 24)
>>> +#define DMA_CTRL_BURST_4 (3 << 24)
>>> +#define DMA_CTRL_BURST_8 (4 << 24)
>>> +#define DMA_CTRL_BURST_16 (5 << 24)
>>> +#define DMA_CTRL_IS_DONE (1 << 20)
>>> +#define DMA_CTRL_EN_A (1 << 2)
>>> +#define DMA_CTRL_EN_B (1 << 1)
>>> +
>>> +#define DMA_CFG_A 0x34
>>> +#define DMA_CFG_B 0x38
>>> +
>>> +#define FIFO_CTRL 0x3c
>>> +#define FIFO_CTRL_CLR_ALL (1 << 3)
>>> +
>>> +#define DATA_PTR 0x40
>>> +#define TAG_PTR 0x44
>>> +#define ECC_PTR 0x48
>>> +
>>> +#define DEC_STATUS 0x4c
>>> +#define DEC_STATUS_A_ECC_FAIL (1 << 1)
>>> +#define DEC_STATUS_ERR_COUNT_MASK 0x00ff0000
>>> +#define DEC_STATUS_ERR_COUNT_SHIFT 16
>>> +
>>> +#define HWSTATUS_CMD 0x50
>>> +#define HWSTATUS_MASK 0x54
>>> +#define HWSTATUS_RDSTATUS_MASK(x) (((x) & 0xff) << 24)
>>> +#define HWSTATUS_RDSTATUS_VALUE(x) (((x) & 0xff) << 16)
>>> +#define HWSTATUS_RBSY_MASK(x) (((x) & 0xff) << 8)
>>> +#define HWSTATUS_RBSY_VALUE(x) (((x) & 0xff) << 0)
>>> +
>>> +#define DEC_STAT_RESULT 0xd0
>>> +#define DEC_STAT_BUF 0xd4
>>> +#define DEC_STAT_BUF_CORR_SEC_FLAG_MASK 0x00ff0000
>>> +#define DEC_STAT_BUF_CORR_SEC_FLAG_SHIFT 16
>>> +#define DEC_STAT_BUF_MAX_CORR_CNT_MASK 0x00001f00
>>> +#define DEC_STAT_BUF_MAX_CORR_CNT_SHIFT 8
>>> +
>>> +struct tegra_nand {
>>> + void __iomem *regs;
>>> + struct clk *clk;
>>> + struct gpio_desc *wp_gpio;
>>> +
>>> + struct nand_chip chip;
>>> + struct device *dev;
>>> +
>>> + struct completion command_complete;
>>> + struct completion dma_complete;
>>> + bool last_read_error;
>>> +
>>> + dma_addr_t data_dma;
>>> + void *data_buf;
>>> + dma_addr_t oob_dma;
>>> + void *oob_buf;
>>> +
>>> + int cur_chip;
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static inline struct tegra_nand *to_tegra_nand(struct mtd_info *mtd)
>>> +{
>>> + struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
>>> +
>>> + return nand_get_controller_data(chip);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int tegra_nand_ooblayout_16_ecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
>>> + struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
>>> +{
>>> + if (section > 0)
>>> + return -ERANGE;
>>> +
>>> + oobregion->offset = 4;
>>> + oobregion->length = 4;
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int tegra_nand_ooblayout_16_free(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
>>> + struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
>>> +{
>>> + if (section > 0)
>>> + return -ERANGE;
>>> +
>>> + oobregion->offset = 8;
>>> + oobregion->length = 8;
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static const struct mtd_ooblayout_ops tegra_nand_oob_16_ops = {
>>> + .ecc = tegra_nand_ooblayout_16_ecc,
>>> + .free = tegra_nand_ooblayout_16_free,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static int tegra_nand_ooblayout_64_ecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
>>> + struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
>>> +{
>>> + if (section > 0)
>>> + return -ERANGE;
>>> +
>>> + oobregion->offset = 4;
>>> + oobregion->length = 36;
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int tegra_nand_ooblayout_64_free(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
>>> + struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
>>> +{
>>> + if (section > 0)
>>> + return -ERANGE;
>>> +
>>> + oobregion->offset = 40;
>>> + oobregion->length = 24;
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static const struct mtd_ooblayout_ops tegra_nand_oob_64_ops = {
>>> + .ecc = tegra_nand_ooblayout_64_ecc,
>>> + .free = tegra_nand_ooblayout_64_free,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static int tegra_nand_ooblayout_128_ecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
>>> + struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
>>> +{
>>> + if (section > 0)
>>> + return -ERANGE;
>>> +
>>> + oobregion->offset = 4;
>>> + oobregion->length = 72;
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int tegra_nand_ooblayout_128_free(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
>>> + struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
>>> +{
>>> + if (section > 0)
>>> + return -ERANGE;
>>> +
>>> + oobregion->offset = 76;
>>> + oobregion->length = 52;
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static const struct mtd_ooblayout_ops tegra_nand_oob_128_ops = {
>>> + .ecc = tegra_nand_ooblayout_128_ecc,
>>> + .free = tegra_nand_ooblayout_128_free,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static int tegra_nand_ooblayout_224_ecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
>>> + struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
>>> +{
>>> + if (section > 0)
>>> + return -ERANGE;
>>> +
>>> + oobregion->offset = 4;
>>> + oobregion->length = 144;
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int tegra_nand_ooblayout_224_free(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
>>> + struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
>>> +{
>>> + if (section > 0)
>>> + return -ERANGE;
>>> +
>>> + oobregion->offset = 148;
>>> + oobregion->length = 76;
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static const struct mtd_ooblayout_ops tegra_nand_oob_224_ops = {
>>> + .ecc = tegra_nand_ooblayout_224_ecc,
>>> + .free = tegra_nand_ooblayout_224_free,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static irqreturn_t tegra_nand_irq(int irq, void *data)
>>> +{
>>> + struct tegra_nand *nand = data;
>>> + u32 isr, dma;
>>> +
>>> + isr = readl(nand->regs + ISR);
>>> + dma = readl(nand->regs + DMA_CTRL);
>>
>> You could use readl_relaxed() here.
>>
>>> + dev_dbg(nand->dev, "isr %08x\n", isr);
>>> +
>>> + if (!isr && !(dma & DMA_CTRL_IS_DONE))
>>> + return IRQ_NONE;
>>> +
>>> + if (isr & ISR_CORRFAIL_ERR)
>>> + nand->last_read_error = true;
>>> +
>>> + if (isr & ISR_CMD_DONE)
>>> + complete(&nand->command_complete);
>>> +
>>> + if (isr & ISR_UND)
>>> + dev_dbg(nand->dev, "FIFO underrun\n");
>>> +
>>> + if (isr & ISR_OVR)
>>> + dev_dbg(nand->dev, "FIFO overrun\n");
>>> +
>>> + /* handle DMA interrupts */
>>> + if (dma & DMA_CTRL_IS_DONE) {
>>> + writel(dma, nand->regs + DMA_CTRL);
>>> + complete(&nand->dma_complete);
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + /* clear interrupts */
>>> + writel(isr, nand->regs + ISR);
>>> +
>>> + return IRQ_HANDLED;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int tegra_nand_cmd(struct nand_chip *chip,
>>> + const struct nand_subop *subop)
>>> +{
>>> + const struct nand_op_instr *instr;
>>> + const struct nand_op_instr *instr_data_in = NULL;
>>> + struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
>>> + struct tegra_nand *nand = to_tegra_nand(mtd);
>>> + unsigned int op_id = -1, trfr_in_sz = 0, trfr_out_sz = 0, offset = 0;
>>> + bool first_cmd = true;
>>> + bool force8bit;
>>
>> The force8bit variable isn't used anywhere in the code, so compiler should warn
>> you about the "unused variable", is it the case?
>>
>>> + u32 cmd = 0;
>>> + u32 value;
>>> +
>>
>> The op_id=-1 above is probably because the loop below was:
>>
>> while (++op_id < subop->ninstrs) {}
>>
>> Both variants are fine, but the for-loop is a bit more explicit. You could omit
>> the above op_id variable initialization for consistency.
>>
>
> Agreed, will do the for loop variant.
>
>>> + for (op_id = 0; op_id < subop->ninstrs; op_id++) {
>>> + unsigned int naddrs, i;
>>> + const u8 *addrs;
>>> + u32 addr1 = 0, addr2 = 0;
>>> +
>>> + instr = &subop->instrs[op_id];
>>> +
>>> + switch (instr->type) {
>>> + case NAND_OP_CMD_INSTR:
>>> + if (first_cmd) {
>>> + cmd |= CMD_CLE;
>>> + writel(instr->ctx.cmd.opcode, nand->regs + CMD_1);
>>> + } else {
>>> + cmd |= CMD_SEC_CMD;
>>> + writel(instr->ctx.cmd.opcode, nand->regs + CMD_2);
>>> + }
>>> + first_cmd = false;
>>> + break;
>>> + case NAND_OP_ADDR_INSTR:
>>> + offset = nand_subop_get_addr_start_off(subop, op_id);
>>> + naddrs = nand_subop_get_num_addr_cyc(subop, op_id);
>>> + addrs = &instr->ctx.addr.addrs[offset];
>>> +
>>> + cmd |= CMD_ALE | CMD_ALE_SIZE(naddrs);
>>> + for (i = 0; i < min_t(unsigned int, 4, naddrs); i++)
>>> + addr1 |= *addrs++ << (8 * i);
>>> + naddrs -= i;
>>> + for (i = 0; i < min_t(unsigned int, 4, naddrs); i++)
>>> + addr2 |= *addrs++ << (8 * i);
>>> + writel(addr1, nand->regs + ADDR_1);
>>> + writel(addr2, nand->regs + ADDR_2);
>>> + break;
>>> +
>>> + case NAND_OP_DATA_IN_INSTR:
>>> + trfr_in_sz = nand_subop_get_data_len(subop, op_id);
>>> + offset = nand_subop_get_data_start_off(subop, op_id);
>>> +
>>> + cmd |= CMD_TRANS_SIZE(trfr_in_sz) | CMD_PIO | CMD_RX | CMD_A_VALID;
>>> +
>>> + instr_data_in = instr;
>>> + break;
>>> +
>>> + case NAND_OP_DATA_OUT_INSTR:
>>> + trfr_out_sz = nand_subop_get_data_len(subop, op_id);
>>> + offset = nand_subop_get_data_start_off(subop, op_id);
>>> + trfr_out_sz = min_t(size_t, trfr_out_sz, 4);
>>> +
>>> + cmd |= CMD_TRANS_SIZE(trfr_out_sz) | CMD_PIO | CMD_TX | CMD_A_VALID;
>>> +
>>> + memcpy(&value, instr->ctx.data.buf.out + offset, trfr_out_sz)> + writel(value, nand->regs + RESP);
>>
>> Note:
>>
>> The memcpy + readl / writel won't work with a big-endian kernel,
>> cpu_to_[bl]e32() should be applied in a such cases.
>>
>> Tegra's I2C driver had a similar memcpy-case issue, it was corrected during the
>> attempt to get BE kernel support for Tegra. But that attempt was quite long time
>> ago and Tegra maintainers were not very excited to have to do more testing work
>> for each kernel release and hence Tegra is LE-only as of today.
>>
>>> +
>>> + break;
>>> + case NAND_OP_WAITRDY_INSTR:
>>> + cmd |= CMD_RBSY_CHK;
>>> + break;
>>> +
>>> + }
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> +
>>> + cmd |= CMD_GO | CMD_CE(nand->cur_chip);
>>> + writel(cmd, nand->regs + CMD);
>>> + wait_for_completion(&nand->command_complete);
>>> +
>>> + if (instr_data_in) {
>>> + u32 value;
>>> + size_t n = min_t(size_t, trfr_in_sz, 4);
>>> +
>>> + value = readl(nand->regs + RESP);
>>> + memcpy(instr_data_in->ctx.data.buf.in + offset, &value, n);
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static const struct nand_op_parser tegra_nand_op_parser = NAND_OP_PARSER(
>>> + NAND_OP_PARSER_PATTERN(tegra_nand_cmd,
>>> + NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_CMD_ELEM(true),
>>> + NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_ADDR_ELEM(true, 8),
>>> + NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_CMD_ELEM(true),
>>> + NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_WAITRDY_ELEM(true)),
>>> + NAND_OP_PARSER_PATTERN(tegra_nand_cmd,
>>> + NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_DATA_OUT_ELEM(false, 4)),
>>> + NAND_OP_PARSER_PATTERN(tegra_nand_cmd,
>>> + NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_CMD_ELEM(true),
>>> + NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_ADDR_ELEM(true, 8),
>>> + NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_CMD_ELEM(true),
>>> + NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_WAITRDY_ELEM(true),
>>> + NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_DATA_IN_ELEM(true, 4)),
>>> + );
>>> +
>>> +static int tegra_nand_exec_op(struct nand_chip *chip,
>>> + const struct nand_operation *op,
>>> + bool check_only)
>>> +{
>>> + return nand_op_parser_exec_op(chip, &tegra_nand_op_parser, op,
>>> + check_only);
>>> +}
>>> +static void tegra_nand_select_chip(struct mtd_info *mtd, int chip)
>>> +{
>>> + struct tegra_nand *nand = to_tegra_nand(mtd);
>>> +
>>> + nand->cur_chip = chip;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static u32 tegra_nand_fill_address(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
>>> + int page)
>>> +{
>>> + struct tegra_nand *nand = to_tegra_nand(mtd);
>>> +
>>> + /* Lower 16-bits are column, always 0 */
>>> + writel(page << 16, nand->regs + ADDR_1);
>>> +
>>> + if (chip->options & NAND_ROW_ADDR_3) {
>>> + writel(page >> 16, nand->regs + ADDR_2);
>>> + return 5;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + return 4;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int tegra_nand_read_page(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
>>> + uint8_t *buf, int oob_required, int page)
>>> +{
>>> + struct tegra_nand *nand = to_tegra_nand(mtd);
>>> + u32 value, addrs;
>>> +
>>> + writel(NAND_CMD_READ0, nand->regs + CMD_1);
>>> + writel(NAND_CMD_READSTART, nand->regs + CMD_2);
>>> +
>>> + addrs = tegra_nand_fill_address(mtd, chip, page);
>>> +
>>> + value = readl(nand->regs + CFG);
>>> + value |= CFG_HW_ECC | CFG_ERR_COR;
>>> + writel(value, nand->regs + CFG);
>>> +
>>> + writel(mtd->writesize - 1, nand->regs + DMA_CFG_A);
>>> + writel(nand->data_dma, nand->regs + DATA_PTR);
>>> +
>>> + if (oob_required) {
>>> + writel(mtd_ooblayout_count_freebytes(mtd) - 1,
>>> + nand->regs + DMA_CFG_B);
>>> + writel(nand->oob_dma, nand->regs + TAG_PTR);
>>> + } else {
>>> + writel(0, nand->regs + DMA_CFG_B);
>>> + writel(0, nand->regs + TAG_PTR);
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + value = DMA_CTRL_GO | DMA_CTRL_IN | DMA_CTRL_PERF_EN |
>>> + DMA_CTRL_REUSE | DMA_CTRL_IE_DONE | DMA_CTRL_IS_DONE |
>>> + DMA_CTRL_BURST_8 | DMA_CTRL_EN_A;
>>
>> Wouldn't be more efficient to set DMA burst to 16 words? The writesize seems
>> always aligned to at least 64 words.
>>
>
> Hm, haven't tested 16 words, 8 was the setting Lucas used.
>
> Are you sure this is only about write size? Not sure, but isn't the ECC
> area also DMA'd? On Colibri we use RS with t=8, hence 144 bytes parity,
> so this would be properly aligned non the less...
>

I don't know, that's up to you to figure out. Is RS stands for Reed-Solomon and
t=8 is the max number of redundant words?

>>> + if (oob_required)
>>> + value |= DMA_CTRL_EN_B;
>>> + writel(value, nand->regs + DMA_CTRL);
>>> +
>>> + value = CMD_CLE | CMD_ALE | CMD_ALE_SIZE(addrs) | CMD_SEC_CMD |
>>> + CMD_RBSY_CHK | CMD_GO | CMD_RX | CMD_TRANS_SIZE(9) |
>>> + CMD_A_VALID | CMD_CE(nand->cur_chip);
>>> + if (oob_required)
>>> + value |= CMD_B_VALID;
>>> + writel(value, nand->regs + CMD);
>>> +
>>> + wait_for_completion(&nand->command_complete);
>>> + wait_for_completion(&nand->dma_complete);
>>> +
>>> + if (oob_required) {
>>> + struct mtd_oob_region oobregion;
>>> +
>>> + mtd_ooblayout_free(mtd, 0, &oobregion);
>>> + memcpy(chip->oob_poi, nand->oob_buf + oobregion.offset,
>>> + mtd_ooblayout_count_freebytes(mtd));
>>> + }
>>> + memcpy(buf, nand->data_buf, mtd->writesize);
>>> +
>>> + value = readl(nand->regs + CFG);
>>> + value &= ~(CFG_HW_ECC | CFG_ERR_COR);
>>> + writel(value, nand->regs + CFG);
>>> +
>>> + value = readl(nand->regs + DEC_STATUS);
>>> + if (value & DEC_STATUS_A_ECC_FAIL) {
>>> + /*
>>> + * The ECC isn't smart enough to figure out if a page is
>>> + * completely erased and flags an error in this case. So we
>>> + * check the read data here to figure out if it's a legitimate
>>> + * error or a false positive.
>>> + */
>>> + int i, err;
>>> + int flips_threshold = chip->ecc.strength / 2;
>>> + int max_bitflips = 0;
>>> +
>>> + for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.steps; i++) {
>>> + u8 *data = buf + (chip->ecc.size * i);
>>> + err = nand_check_erased_ecc_chunk(data, chip->ecc.size,
>>> + NULL, 0,
>>> + NULL, 0,
>>> + flips_threshold);
>>> + if (err < 0)
>>> + return err;
>>> +
>>> + max_bitflips += max_bitflips;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + return max_bitflips;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + if (nand->last_read_error) {
>>> + int max_corr_cnt, corr_sec_flag;
>>> +
>>> + value = readl(nand->regs + DEC_STAT_BUF);
>>> + corr_sec_flag = (value & DEC_STAT_BUF_CORR_SEC_FLAG_MASK) >>
>>> + DEC_STAT_BUF_CORR_SEC_FLAG_SHIFT;
>>> + max_corr_cnt = (value & DEC_STAT_BUF_MAX_CORR_CNT_MASK) >>
>>> + DEC_STAT_BUF_MAX_CORR_CNT_SHIFT;
>>> +
>>> + /*
>>> + * The value returned in the register is the maximum of
>>> + * bitflips encountered in any of the ECC regions. As there is
>>> + * no way to get the number of bitflips in a specific regions
>>> + * we are not able to deliver correct stats but instead
>>> + * overestimate the number of corrected bitflips by assuming
>>> + * that all regions where errors have been corrected
>>> + * encountered the maximum number of bitflips.
>>> + */
>>> + mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += max_corr_cnt * hweight8(corr_sec_flag);
>>> + nand->last_read_error = false;
>>> + return value;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int tegra_nand_write_page(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
>>> + const uint8_t *buf, int oob_required, int page)
>>> +{
>>> + struct tegra_nand *nand = to_tegra_nand(mtd);
>>> + u32 value, addrs;
>>> +
>>> + writel(NAND_CMD_SEQIN, nand->regs + CMD_1);
>>> + writel(NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG, nand->regs + CMD_2);
>>> +
>>> + addrs = tegra_nand_fill_address(mtd, chip, page);
>>> +
>>> + value = readl(nand->regs + CFG);
>>> + value |= CFG_HW_ECC | CFG_ERR_COR;
>>> + writel(value, nand->regs + CFG);
>>> +
>>> + memcpy(nand->data_buf, buf, mtd->writesize);
>>> +
>>> + writel(mtd->writesize - 1, nand->regs + DMA_CFG_A);
>>> + writel(nand->data_dma, nand->regs + DATA_PTR);
>>> +
>>> + if (oob_required) {
>>> + struct mtd_oob_region oobregion;
>>> +
>>> + mtd_ooblayout_free(mtd, 0, &oobregion);
>>> + memcpy(nand->oob_buf, chip->oob_poi + oobregion.offset,
>>> + mtd_ooblayout_count_freebytes(mtd));
>>> + writel(mtd_ooblayout_count_freebytes(mtd) - 1,
>>> + nand->regs + DMA_CFG_B);
>>> + writel(nand->oob_dma, nand->regs + TAG_PTR);
>>> + } else {
>>> + writel(0, nand->regs + DMA_CFG_B);
>>> + writel(0, nand->regs + TAG_PTR);
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + value = DMA_CTRL_GO | DMA_CTRL_OUT | DMA_CTRL_PERF_EN |
>>> + DMA_CTRL_IE_DONE | DMA_CTRL_IS_DONE |
>>> + DMA_CTRL_BURST_8 | DMA_CTRL_EN_A;
>>> + if (oob_required)
>>> + value |= DMA_CTRL_EN_B;
>>> + writel(value, nand->regs + DMA_CTRL);
>>> +
>>> + value = CMD_CLE | CMD_ALE | CMD_ALE_SIZE(addrs) | CMD_SEC_CMD |
>>> + CMD_AFT_DAT | CMD_RBSY_CHK | CMD_GO | CMD_TX | CMD_A_VALID |
>>> + CMD_TRANS_SIZE(9) | CMD_CE(nand->cur_chip);
>>> + if (oob_required)
>>> + value |= CMD_B_VALID;
>>> + writel(value, nand->regs + CMD);
>>> +
>>> + wait_for_completion(&nand->command_complete);
>>> + wait_for_completion(&nand->dma_complete);
>>> +
>>> + value = readl(nand->regs + CFG);
>>> + value &= ~(CFG_HW_ECC | CFG_ERR_COR);
>>> + writel(value, nand->regs + CFG);
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static void tegra_nand_setup_timing(struct tegra_nand *nand, int mode)
>>> +{
>>> + /*
>>> + * The period (and all other timings in this function) is in ps,
>>> + * so need to take care here to avoid integer overflows.
>>> + */
>>> + unsigned int rate = clk_get_rate(nand->clk) / 1000000;
>>> + unsigned int period = DIV_ROUND_UP(1000000, rate);
>>> + const struct nand_sdr_timings *timings;
>>> + u32 val, reg = 0;
>>> +
>>> + timings = onfi_async_timing_mode_to_sdr_timings(mode);
>>> +
>>> + val = DIV_ROUND_UP(max3(timings->tAR_min, timings->tRR_min,
>>> + timings->tRC_min), period);
>>> + if (val > 2)
>>> + val -= 3;
>>> + reg |= TIMING_TCR_TAR_TRR(val);
>>> +
>>> + val = DIV_ROUND_UP(max(max(timings->tCS_min, timings->tCH_min),
>>> + max(timings->tALS_min, timings->tALH_min)),
>>> + period);
>>> + if (val > 1)
>>> + val -= 2;
>>> + reg |= TIMING_TCS(val);
>>> +
>>> + val = DIV_ROUND_UP(max(timings->tRP_min, timings->tREA_max) + 6000,
>>> + period);
>>> + reg |= TIMING_TRP(val) | TIMING_TRP_RESP(val);
>>> +
>>> + reg |= TIMING_TWB(DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tWB_max, period));
>>> + reg |= TIMING_TWHR(DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tWHR_min, period));
>>> + reg |= TIMING_TWH(DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tWH_min, period));
>>> + reg |= TIMING_TWP(DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tWP_min, period));
>>> + reg |= TIMING_TRH(DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tRHW_min, period));
>>> +
>>> + writel(reg, nand->regs + TIMING_1);
>>> +
>>> + val = DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tADL_min, period);
>>> + if (val > 2)
>>> + val -= 3;
>>> + reg = TIMING_TADL(val);
>>> +
>>> + writel(reg, nand->regs + TIMING_2);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static void tegra_nand_setup_chiptiming(struct tegra_nand *nand)
>>> +{
>>> + struct nand_chip *chip = &nand->chip;
>>> + int mode;
>>> +
>>> + mode = onfi_get_async_timing_mode(chip);
>>> + if (mode == ONFI_TIMING_MODE_UNKNOWN)
>>> + mode = chip->onfi_timing_mode_default;
>>> + else
>>> + mode = fls(mode);
>>> +
>>> + tegra_nand_setup_timing(nand, mode);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int tegra_nand_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
>>> +{
>>> + struct reset_control *rst;
>>> + struct tegra_nand *nand;
>>> + struct nand_chip *chip;
>>> + struct mtd_info *mtd;
>>> + struct resource *res;
>>> + unsigned long value;
>>> + int irq, err = 0;
>>> +
>>> + nand = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*nand), GFP_KERNEL);
>>> + if (!nand)
>>> + return -ENOMEM;
>>> +
>>> + nand->dev = &pdev->dev;
>>> +
>>> + res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
>>> + nand->regs = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
>>> + if (IS_ERR(nand->regs))
>>> + return PTR_ERR(nand->regs);
>>> +
>>> + irq = platform_get_irq(pdev, 0);
>>> + err = devm_request_irq(&pdev->dev, irq, tegra_nand_irq, 0,
>>> + dev_name(&pdev->dev), nand);
>>> + if (err)
>>> + return err;
>>> +
>>> + rst = devm_reset_control_get(&pdev->dev, "nand");
>>> + if (IS_ERR(rst))
>>> + return PTR_ERR(rst);
>>> +
>>> + nand->clk = devm_clk_get(&pdev->dev, "nand");
>>> + if (IS_ERR(nand->clk))
>>> + return PTR_ERR(nand->clk);
>>> +
>>> + nand->wp_gpio = gpiod_get_optional(&pdev->dev, "wp-gpios",
>>> + GPIOD_OUT_HIGH);
>>> + if (IS_ERR(nand->wp_gpio))
>>> + return PTR_ERR(nand->wp_gpio);
>>> +
>>> + err = clk_prepare_enable(nand->clk);
>>> + if (err)
>>> + return err;
>>> +
>>> + reset_control_assert(rst);
>>> + udelay(2);
>>> + reset_control_deassert(rst);
>>
>> You could use the reset_control_reset() here, though it uses the 1 usec delay
>> instead of 2, but I think it shouldn't really matter.
>>
>>> +
>>> + value = HWSTATUS_RDSTATUS_MASK(1) | HWSTATUS_RDSTATUS_VALUE(0) |
>>> + HWSTATUS_RBSY_MASK(NAND_STATUS_READY) |
>>> + HWSTATUS_RBSY_VALUE(NAND_STATUS_READY);
>>> + writel(NAND_CMD_STATUS, nand->regs + HWSTATUS_CMD);
>>> + writel(value, nand->regs + HWSTATUS_MASK);
>>> +
>>> + init_completion(&nand->command_complete);
>>> + init_completion(&nand->dma_complete);
>>> +
>>> + /* clear interrupts */
>>> + value = readl(nand->regs + ISR);
>>> + writel(value, nand->regs + ISR);
>>
>> Isn't a set ISR bit means that NAND HW asserts interrupt line? If yes, then you
>> may want to move devm_request_irq() after resetting the HW state, to be on a
>> safe side.
>>
>
> Agreed.
>
>>> +
>>> + writel(DMA_CTRL_IS_DONE, nand->regs + DMA_CTRL);
>>> +
>>> + /* enable interrupts */
>>> + value = IER_UND | IER_OVR | IER_CMD_DONE | IER_ECC_ERR | IER_GIE;
>>> + writel(value, nand->regs + IER);
>>> +
>>> + /* reset config */
>>> + writel(0, nand->regs + CFG);
>>
>> Is this "reset config" really needed? It is overwritten below in the code.
>>
>
> We already use the NAND peripheral in nand_scan_ident, and then properly
> set it up later. I think it is better to have a known config state
> during this phase...
>
>>
>> Also, maybe you could factor out the HW reset/init stuff into a respective
>> tegra_nand_hw_reset() / tegra_nand_hw_init(), just for consistency.
>>
>
> I will consider that.
>
> Thanks for your review!
>
> --
> Stefan
>
>>> +
>>> + chip = &nand->chip;
>>> + mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
>>> +
>>> + mtd->dev.parent = &pdev->dev;
>>> + mtd->name = "tegra_nand";
>>> + mtd->owner = THIS_MODULE;
>>> +
>>> + nand_set_flash_node(chip, pdev->dev.of_node);
>>> + nand_set_controller_data(chip, nand);
>>> +
>>> + chip->options = NAND_NO_SUBPAGE_WRITE;
>>> + chip->exec_op = tegra_nand_exec_op;
>>> + chip->select_chip = tegra_nand_select_chip;
>>> + tegra_nand_setup_timing(nand, 0);
>>> +
>>> + err = nand_scan_ident(mtd, 1, NULL);
>>> + if (err)
>>> + goto err_disable_clk;
>>> +
>>> + if (chip->bbt_options & NAND_BBT_USE_FLASH)
>>> + chip->bbt_options |= NAND_BBT_NO_OOB;
>>> +
>>> + nand->data_buf = dmam_alloc_coherent(&pdev->dev, mtd->writesize,
>>> + &nand->data_dma, GFP_KERNEL);
>>> + if (!nand->data_buf) {
>>> + err = -ENOMEM;
>>> + goto err_disable_clk;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + nand->oob_buf = dmam_alloc_coherent(&pdev->dev, mtd->oobsize,
>>> + &nand->oob_dma, GFP_KERNEL);
>>> + if (!nand->oob_buf) {
>>> + err = -ENOMEM;
>>> + goto err_disable_clk;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + chip->ecc.mode = NAND_ECC_HW;
>>> + chip->ecc.size = 512;
>>> + chip->ecc.read_page = tegra_nand_read_page;
>>> + chip->ecc.write_page = tegra_nand_write_page;
>>> +
>>> + value = readl(nand->regs + CFG);
>>> + value |= CFG_PIPE_EN | CFG_SKIP_SPARE | CFG_SKIP_SPARE_SIZE_4 |
>>> + CFG_TAG_BYTE_SIZE(mtd_ooblayout_count_freebytes(mtd) - 1);
>>> +
>>> + if (chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16)
>>> + value |= CFG_BUS_WIDTH_16;
>>> +
>>> + switch (mtd->oobsize) {
>>> + case 16:
>>> + mtd_set_ooblayout(mtd, &tegra_nand_oob_16_ops);
>>> + chip->ecc.strength = 1;
>>> + chip->ecc.bytes = 4;
>>> + break;
>>> + case 64:
>>> + mtd_set_ooblayout(mtd, &tegra_nand_oob_64_ops);
>>> + chip->ecc.strength = 8;
>>> + chip->ecc.bytes = 18;
>>> + value |= CFG_ECC_SEL | CFG_TVAL_8;
>>> + break;
>>> + case 128:
>>> + mtd_set_ooblayout(mtd, &tegra_nand_oob_128_ops);
>>> + chip->ecc.strength = 8;
>>> + chip->ecc.bytes = 18;
>>> + value |= CFG_ECC_SEL | CFG_TVAL_8;
>>> + break;
>>> + case 224:
>>> + mtd_set_ooblayout(mtd, &tegra_nand_oob_224_ops);
>>> + chip->ecc.strength = 8;
>>> + chip->ecc.bytes = 18;
>>> + value |= CFG_ECC_SEL | CFG_TVAL_8;
>>> + break;
>>> + default:
>>> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "unhandled OOB size %d\n", mtd->oobsize);
>>> + err = -ENODEV;
>>> + goto err_disable_clk;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + switch (mtd->writesize) {
>>> + case 256:
>>> + value |= CFG_PS_256;
>>> + break;
>>> + case 512:
>>> + value |= CFG_PS_512;
>>> + break;
>>> + case 1024:
>>> + value |= CFG_PS_1024;
>>> + break;
>>> + case 2048:
>>> + value |= CFG_PS_2048;
>>> + break;
>>> + case 4096:
>>> + value |= CFG_PS_4096;
>>> + break;
>>> + default:
>>> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "unhandled writesize %d\n", mtd->writesize);
>>> + err = -ENODEV;
>>> + goto err_disable_clk;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + writel(value, nand->regs + CFG);
>>> +
>>> + tegra_nand_setup_chiptiming(nand);
>>> +
>>> + err = nand_scan_tail(mtd);
>>> + if (err)
>>> + goto err_disable_clk;
>>> +
>>> + err = mtd_device_register(mtd, NULL, 0);
>>> + if (err)
>>> + goto err_cleanup_nand;
>>> +
>>> + platform_set_drvdata(pdev, nand);
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +
>>> +err_cleanup_nand:
>>> + nand_cleanup(chip);
>>> +err_disable_clk:
>>> + clk_disable_unprepare(nand->clk);
>>> + return err;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int tegra_nand_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
>>> +{
>>> + struct tegra_nand *nand = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
>>> +
>>> + nand_release(nand_to_mtd(&nand->chip));
>>> +
>>> + clk_disable_unprepare(nand->clk);
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static const struct of_device_id tegra_nand_of_match[] = {
>>> + { .compatible = "nvidia,tegra20-nand" },
>>> + { /* sentinel */ }
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static struct platform_driver tegra_nand_driver = {
>>> + .driver = {
>>> + .name = "tegra-nand",
>>> + .of_match_table = tegra_nand_of_match,
>>> + },
>>> + .probe = tegra_nand_probe,
>>> + .remove = tegra_nand_remove,
>>> +};
>>> +module_platform_driver(tegra_nand_driver);
>>> +
>>> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("NVIDIA Tegra NAND driver");
>>> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Thierry Reding <thierry.reding@nvidia.com>");
>>> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Lucas Stach <dev@lynxeye.de>");
>>> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Stefan Agner <stefan@agner.ch>");
>>> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
>>> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, tegra_nand_of_match);
>>>

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-05-22 15:34    [W:0.221 / U:0.652 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site