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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 1/2] vfio/mdev: Check globally for duplicate devices
On Fri, 18 May 2018 13:10:25 -0600
Alex Williamson <> wrote:

> When we create an mdev device, we check for duplicates against the
> parent device and return -EEXIST if found, but the mdev device
> namespace is global since we'll link all devices from the bus. We do
> catch this later in sysfs_do_create_link_sd() to return -EEXIST, but
> with it comes a kernel warning and stack trace for trying to create
> duplicate sysfs links, which makes it an undesirable response.
> Therefore we should really be looking for duplicates across all mdev
> parent devices, or as implemented here, against our mdev device list.
> Using mdev_list to prevent duplicates means that we can remove
> mdev_parent.lock, but in order not to serialize mdev device creation
> and removal globally, we add which allows UUIDs to
> be reserved such that we can drop the mdev_list_lock before the mdev
> device is fully in place.
> Two behavioral notes; first, mdev_parent.lock had the side-effect of
> serializing mdev create and remove ops per parent device. This was
> an implementation detail, not an intentional guarantee provided to
> the mdev vendor drivers. Vendor drivers can trivially provide this
> serialization internally if necessary. Second, review comments note
> the new -EAGAIN behavior when the device, and in particular the remove
> attribute, becomes visible in sysfs. If a remove is triggered prior
> to completion of mdev_device_create() the user will see a -EAGAIN
> error. While the errno is different, receiving an error during this
> period is not, the previous implementation returned -ENODEV for the
> same condition. Furthermore, the consistency to the user is improved
> in the case where mdev_device_remove_ops() returns error. Previously
> concurrent calls to mdev_device_remove() could see the device
> disappear with -ENODEV and return in the case of error. Now a user
> would see -EAGAIN while the device is in this transitory state.
> Signed-off-by: Alex Williamson <>
> ---
> Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt | 5 ++
> drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c | 102 +++++++++++---------------------
> drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h | 2 -
> 3 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 67 deletions(-)

Reviewed-by: Cornelia Huck <>

I think it is better to deal with any possible vendor driver
implications on top of this (I still believe that vfio-ccw is fine).

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