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Subject[PATCH 4.16 056/110] Btrfs: send, fix invalid access to commit roots due to concurrent snapshotting
4.16-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Robbie Ko <>

commit 6f2f0b394b54e2b159ef969a0b5274e9bbf82ff2 upstream.

btrfs incremental send BUG happens when creating a snapshot of snapshot
that is being used by send.

The problem can happen if while we are doing a send one of the snapshots
used (parent or send) is snapshotted, because snapshoting implies COWing
the root of the source subvolume/snapshot.

1. When doing an incremental send, the send process will get the commit
roots from the parent and send snapshots, and add references to them
through extent_buffer_get().

2. When a snapshot/subvolume is snapshotted, its root node is COWed

3. COWing releases the space used by the node immediately, through:

----btrfs_add_free_space(bytenr of node)

4. Because send doesn't hold a transaction open, it's possible that
the transaction used to create the snapshot commits, switches the
commit root and the old space used by the previous root node gets
assigned to some other node allocation. Allocation of a new node will
use the existing extent buffer found in memory, which we previously
got a reference through extent_buffer_get(), and allow the extent
buffer's content (pages) to be modified:

----find_free_extent (get bytenr of old node)
--btrfs_init_new_buffer (use bytenr of old node)
--------find_extent_buffer (get old node)

5. So send can access invalid memory content and have unpredictable

So we fix the problem by copying the commit roots of the send and
parent snapshots and use those copies.

CallTrace looks like this:
------------[ cut here ]------------
kernel BUG at fs/btrfs/ctree.c:1861!
invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP
CPU: 6 PID: 24235 Comm: btrfs Tainted: P O 3.10.105 #23721
ffff88046652d680 ti: ffff88041b720000 task.ti: ffff88041b720000
RIP: 0010:[<ffffffffa08dd0e8>] read_node_slot+0x108/0x110 [btrfs]
RSP: 0018:ffff88041b723b68 EFLAGS: 00010246
RAX: ffff88043ca6b000 RBX: ffff88041b723c50 RCX: ffff880000000000
RDX: 000000000000004c RSI: ffff880314b133f8 RDI: ffff880458b24000
RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: ffff88041b723c66
R10: 0000000000000001 R11: 0000000000001000 R12: ffff8803f3e48890
R13: ffff8803f3e48880 R14: ffff880466351800 R15: 0000000000000001
FS: 00007f8c321dc8c0(0000) GS:ffff88047fcc0000(0000)
CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
R2: 00007efd1006d000 CR3: 0000000213a24000 CR4: 00000000003407e0
DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
ffff88041b723c50 ffff8803f3e48880 ffff8803f3e48890 ffff8803f3e48880
ffff880466351800 0000000000000001 ffffffffa08dd9d7 ffff88041b723c50
ffff8803f3e48880 ffff88041b723c66 ffffffffa08dde85 a9ff88042d2c4400
Call Trace:
[<ffffffffa08dd9d7>] ? tree_move_down.isra.33+0x27/0x50 [btrfs]
[<ffffffffa08dde85>] ? tree_advance+0xb5/0xc0 [btrfs]
[<ffffffffa08e83d4>] ? btrfs_compare_trees+0x2d4/0x760 [btrfs]
[<ffffffffa0982050>] ? finish_inode_if_needed+0x870/0x870 [btrfs]
[<ffffffffa09841ea>] ? btrfs_ioctl_send+0xeda/0x1050 [btrfs]
[<ffffffffa094bd3d>] ? btrfs_ioctl+0x1e3d/0x33f0 [btrfs]
[<ffffffff81111133>] ? handle_pte_fault+0x373/0x990
[<ffffffff8153a096>] ? atomic_notifier_call_chain+0x16/0x20
[<ffffffff81063256>] ? set_task_cpu+0xb6/0x1d0
[<ffffffff811122c3>] ? handle_mm_fault+0x143/0x2a0
[<ffffffff81539cc0>] ? __do_page_fault+0x1d0/0x500
[<ffffffff81062f07>] ? check_preempt_curr+0x57/0x90
[<ffffffff8115075a>] ? do_vfs_ioctl+0x4aa/0x990
[<ffffffff81034f83>] ? do_fork+0x113/0x3b0
[<ffffffff812dd7d7>] ? trace_hardirqs_off_thunk+0x3a/0x6c
[<ffffffff81150cc8>] ? SyS_ioctl+0x88/0xa0
[<ffffffff8153e422>] ? system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
---[ end trace 29576629ee80b2e1 ]---

Fixes: 7069830a9e38 ("Btrfs: add btrfs_compare_trees function")
CC: # 3.6+
Signed-off-by: Robbie Ko <>
Reviewed-by: Filipe Manana <>
Signed-off-by: David Sterba <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

fs/btrfs/ctree.c | 16 ++++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/fs/btrfs/ctree.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/ctree.c
@@ -5460,12 +5460,24 @@ int btrfs_compare_trees(struct btrfs_roo
left_level = btrfs_header_level(left_root->commit_root);
left_root_level = left_level;
- left_path->nodes[left_level] = left_root->commit_root;
+ left_path->nodes[left_level] =
+ btrfs_clone_extent_buffer(left_root->commit_root);
+ if (!left_path->nodes[left_level]) {
+ up_read(&fs_info->commit_root_sem);
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }

right_level = btrfs_header_level(right_root->commit_root);
right_root_level = right_level;
- right_path->nodes[right_level] = right_root->commit_root;
+ right_path->nodes[right_level] =
+ btrfs_clone_extent_buffer(right_root->commit_root);
+ if (!right_path->nodes[right_level]) {
+ up_read(&fs_info->commit_root_sem);
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }

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