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Subject[PATCH 4.16 075/110] prctl: Add speculation control prctls
Date
4.16-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

commit b617cfc858161140d69cc0b5cc211996b557a1c7 upstream

Add two new prctls to control aspects of speculation related vulnerabilites
and their mitigations to provide finer grained control over performance
impacting mitigations.

PR_GET_SPECULATION_CTRL returns the state of the speculation misfeature
which is selected with arg2 of prctl(2). The return value uses bit 0-2 with
the following meaning:

Bit Define Description
0 PR_SPEC_PRCTL Mitigation can be controlled per task by
PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL
1 PR_SPEC_ENABLE The speculation feature is enabled, mitigation is
disabled
2 PR_SPEC_DISABLE The speculation feature is disabled, mitigation is
enabled

If all bits are 0 the CPU is not affected by the speculation misfeature.

If PR_SPEC_PRCTL is set, then the per task control of the mitigation is
available. If not set, prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL) for the speculation
misfeature will fail.

PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL allows to control the speculation misfeature, which
is selected by arg2 of prctl(2) per task. arg3 is used to hand in the
control value, i.e. either PR_SPEC_ENABLE or PR_SPEC_DISABLE.

The common return values are:

EINVAL prctl is not implemented by the architecture or the unused prctl()
arguments are not 0
ENODEV arg2 is selecting a not supported speculation misfeature

PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL has these additional return values:

ERANGE arg3 is incorrect, i.e. it's not either PR_SPEC_ENABLE or PR_SPEC_DISABLE
ENXIO prctl control of the selected speculation misfeature is disabled

The first supported controlable speculation misfeature is
PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS. Add the define so this can be shared between
architectures.

Based on an initial patch from Tim Chen and mostly rewritten.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---
Documentation/userspace-api/index.rst | 1
Documentation/userspace-api/spec_ctrl.rst | 86 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/nospec.h | 5 +
include/uapi/linux/prctl.h | 11 +++
kernel/sys.c | 22 +++++++
5 files changed, 125 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/userspace-api/spec_ctrl.rst

--- a/Documentation/userspace-api/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/userspace-api/index.rst
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ place where this information is gathered
no_new_privs
seccomp_filter
unshare
+ spec_ctrl

.. only:: subproject and html

--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/userspace-api/spec_ctrl.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,86 @@
+===================
+Speculation Control
+===================
+
+Quite some CPUs have speculation related misfeatures which are in fact
+vulnerabilites causing data leaks in various forms even accross privilege
+domains.
+
+The kernel provides mitigation for such vulnerabilities in various
+forms. Some of these mitigations are compile time configurable and some on
+the kernel command line.
+
+There is also a class of mitigations which are very expensive, but they can
+be restricted to a certain set of processes or tasks in controlled
+environments. The mechanism to control these mitigations is via
+:manpage:`prctl(2)`.
+
+There are two prctl options which are related to this:
+
+ * PR_GET_SPECULATION_CTRL
+
+ * PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL
+
+PR_GET_SPECULATION_CTRL
+-----------------------
+
+PR_GET_SPECULATION_CTRL returns the state of the speculation misfeature
+which is selected with arg2 of prctl(2). The return value uses bits 0-2 with
+the following meaning:
+
+==== ================ ===================================================
+Bit Define Description
+==== ================ ===================================================
+0 PR_SPEC_PRCTL Mitigation can be controlled per task by
+ PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL
+1 PR_SPEC_ENABLE The speculation feature is enabled, mitigation is
+ disabled
+2 PR_SPEC_DISABLE The speculation feature is disabled, mitigation is
+ enabled
+==== ================ ===================================================
+
+If all bits are 0 the CPU is not affected by the speculation misfeature.
+
+If PR_SPEC_PRCTL is set, then the per task control of the mitigation is
+available. If not set, prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL) for the speculation
+misfeature will fail.
+
+PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL
+-----------------------
+PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL allows to control the speculation misfeature, which
+is selected by arg2 of :manpage:`prctl(2)` per task. arg3 is used to hand
+in the control value, i.e. either PR_SPEC_ENABLE or PR_SPEC_DISABLE.
+
+Common error codes
+------------------
+======= =================================================================
+Value Meaning
+======= =================================================================
+EINVAL The prctl is not implemented by the architecture or unused
+ prctl(2) arguments are not 0
+
+ENODEV arg2 is selecting a not supported speculation misfeature
+======= =================================================================
+
+PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL error codes
+-----------------------------------
+======= =================================================================
+Value Meaning
+======= =================================================================
+0 Success
+
+ERANGE arg3 is incorrect, i.e. it's neither PR_SPEC_ENABLE nor
+ PR_SPEC_DISABLE
+
+ENXIO Control of the selected speculation misfeature is not possible.
+ See PR_GET_SPECULATION_CTRL.
+======= =================================================================
+
+Speculation misfeature controls
+-------------------------------
+- PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS: Speculative Store Bypass
+
+ Invocations:
+ * prctl(PR_GET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS, 0, 0, 0);
+ * prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS, PR_SPEC_ENABLE, 0, 0);
+ * prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS, PR_SPEC_DISABLE, 0, 0);
--- a/include/linux/nospec.h
+++ b/include/linux/nospec.h
@@ -55,4 +55,9 @@ static inline unsigned long array_index_
\
(typeof(_i)) (_i & _mask); \
})
+
+/* Speculation control prctl */
+int arch_prctl_spec_ctrl_get(unsigned long which);
+int arch_prctl_spec_ctrl_set(unsigned long which, unsigned long ctrl);
+
#endif /* _LINUX_NOSPEC_H */
--- a/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
@@ -207,4 +207,15 @@ struct prctl_mm_map {
# define PR_SVE_VL_LEN_MASK 0xffff
# define PR_SVE_VL_INHERIT (1 << 17) /* inherit across exec */

+/* Per task speculation control */
+#define PR_GET_SPECULATION_CTRL 52
+#define PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL 53
+/* Speculation control variants */
+# define PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS 0
+/* Return and control values for PR_SET/GET_SPECULATION_CTRL */
+# define PR_SPEC_NOT_AFFECTED 0
+# define PR_SPEC_PRCTL (1UL << 0)
+# define PR_SPEC_ENABLE (1UL << 1)
+# define PR_SPEC_DISABLE (1UL << 2)
+
#endif /* _LINUX_PRCTL_H */
--- a/kernel/sys.c
+++ b/kernel/sys.c
@@ -61,6 +61,8 @@
#include <linux/uidgid.h>
#include <linux/cred.h>

+#include <linux/nospec.h>
+
#include <linux/kmsg_dump.h>
/* Move somewhere else to avoid recompiling? */
#include <generated/utsrelease.h>
@@ -2190,6 +2192,16 @@ static int propagate_has_child_subreaper
return 1;
}

+int __weak arch_prctl_spec_ctrl_get(unsigned long which)
+{
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+int __weak arch_prctl_spec_ctrl_set(unsigned long which, unsigned long ctrl)
+{
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
SYSCALL_DEFINE5(prctl, int, option, unsigned long, arg2, unsigned long, arg3,
unsigned long, arg4, unsigned long, arg5)
{
@@ -2398,6 +2410,16 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(prctl, int, option, unsi
case PR_SVE_GET_VL:
error = SVE_GET_VL();
break;
+ case PR_GET_SPECULATION_CTRL:
+ if (arg3 || arg4 || arg5)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ error = arch_prctl_spec_ctrl_get(arg2);
+ break;
+ case PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL:
+ if (arg4 || arg5)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ error = arch_prctl_spec_ctrl_set(arg2, arg3);
+ break;
default:
error = -EINVAL;
break;

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