lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [May]   [21]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [RHEL-8] arm64: add missing early clobber in atomic64_dec_if_positive()
Hi Mark,

Thanks for reporting this.

On Sat, May 19, 2018 at 08:17:26PM -0400, Mark Salter wrote:
> When running a kernel compiled with gcc8 on a machine using LSE, I
> get:
>
> Unable to handle kernel paging request at virtual address 11111122222221

[...]

> The fault happens at the casal insn of inlined atomic64_dec_if_positive().
> The inline asm code in that function has:
>
> "1: ldr x30, %[v]\n"
> " subs %[ret], x30, #1\n"
> " b.lt 2f\n"
> " casal x30, %[ret], %[v]\n"
> " sub x30, x30, #1\n"
> " sub x30, x30, %[ret]\n"
> " cbnz x30, 1b\n"
> "2:")
> : [ret] "+r" (x0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter)
>
> gcc8 used register x0 for both [ret] and [v] and the subs was
> clobbering [v] before it was used for casal. Gcc is free to do
> this because [ret] lacks an early clobber modifier. So add one
> to tell gcc a separate register is needed for [v].

Oh blimey, it looks like GCC is realising that counter is at offset 0
of atomic_t and therefore assigns the same register for [ret] and [v],
which is actually forced to be x0 by the 'register' local variable in
C code. The "+Q" constraint only says that the memory is read/write, so
the pointer is fair game.

I agree with your fix, but we also need to fix up the other places relying
on this. Patch below -- please yell if you think I missed any.

Cheers,

Will

--->8

From 3d9417b28ed2588c33b7e54e6681c88f0224201a Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Date: Mon, 21 May 2018 17:44:57 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] arm64: lse: Add early clobbers to some input/output asm
operands

For LSE atomics that read and write a register operand, we need to
ensure that these operands are annotated as "early clobber" if the
register is written before all of the input operands have been consumed.
Failure to do so can result in the compiler allocating the same register
to both operands, leading to splats such as:

Unable to handle kernel paging request at virtual address 11111122222221
[...]
x1 : 1111111122222222 x0 : 1111111122222221
Process swapper/0 (pid: 1, stack limit = 0x000000008209f908)
Call trace:
test_atomic64+0x1360/0x155c

where x0 has been allocated as both the value to be stored and also the
atomic_t pointer.

This patch adds the missing clobbers.

Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: Dave Martin <dave.martin@arm.com>
Cc: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>
Reported-by: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
---
arch/arm64/include/asm/atomic_lse.h | 24 ++++++++++++------------
1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/atomic_lse.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/atomic_lse.h
index 9ef0797380cb..f9b0b09153e0 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/atomic_lse.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/atomic_lse.h
@@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ static inline void atomic_and(int i, atomic_t *v)
/* LSE atomics */
" mvn %w[i], %w[i]\n"
" stclr %w[i], %[v]")
- : [i] "+r" (w0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter)
+ : [i] "+&r" (w0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter)
: "r" (x1)
: __LL_SC_CLOBBERS);
}
@@ -135,7 +135,7 @@ static inline int atomic_fetch_and##name(int i, atomic_t *v) \
/* LSE atomics */ \
" mvn %w[i], %w[i]\n" \
" ldclr" #mb " %w[i], %w[i], %[v]") \
- : [i] "+r" (w0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter) \
+ : [i] "+&r" (w0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter) \
: "r" (x1) \
: __LL_SC_CLOBBERS, ##cl); \
\
@@ -161,7 +161,7 @@ static inline void atomic_sub(int i, atomic_t *v)
/* LSE atomics */
" neg %w[i], %w[i]\n"
" stadd %w[i], %[v]")
- : [i] "+r" (w0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter)
+ : [i] "+&r" (w0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter)
: "r" (x1)
: __LL_SC_CLOBBERS);
}
@@ -180,7 +180,7 @@ static inline int atomic_sub_return##name(int i, atomic_t *v) \
" neg %w[i], %w[i]\n" \
" ldadd" #mb " %w[i], w30, %[v]\n" \
" add %w[i], %w[i], w30") \
- : [i] "+r" (w0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter) \
+ : [i] "+&r" (w0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter) \
: "r" (x1) \
: __LL_SC_CLOBBERS , ##cl); \
\
@@ -207,7 +207,7 @@ static inline int atomic_fetch_sub##name(int i, atomic_t *v) \
/* LSE atomics */ \
" neg %w[i], %w[i]\n" \
" ldadd" #mb " %w[i], %w[i], %[v]") \
- : [i] "+r" (w0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter) \
+ : [i] "+&r" (w0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter) \
: "r" (x1) \
: __LL_SC_CLOBBERS, ##cl); \
\
@@ -314,7 +314,7 @@ static inline void atomic64_and(long i, atomic64_t *v)
/* LSE atomics */
" mvn %[i], %[i]\n"
" stclr %[i], %[v]")
- : [i] "+r" (x0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter)
+ : [i] "+&r" (x0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter)
: "r" (x1)
: __LL_SC_CLOBBERS);
}
@@ -332,7 +332,7 @@ static inline long atomic64_fetch_and##name(long i, atomic64_t *v) \
/* LSE atomics */ \
" mvn %[i], %[i]\n" \
" ldclr" #mb " %[i], %[i], %[v]") \
- : [i] "+r" (x0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter) \
+ : [i] "+&r" (x0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter) \
: "r" (x1) \
: __LL_SC_CLOBBERS, ##cl); \
\
@@ -358,7 +358,7 @@ static inline void atomic64_sub(long i, atomic64_t *v)
/* LSE atomics */
" neg %[i], %[i]\n"
" stadd %[i], %[v]")
- : [i] "+r" (x0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter)
+ : [i] "+&r" (x0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter)
: "r" (x1)
: __LL_SC_CLOBBERS);
}
@@ -377,7 +377,7 @@ static inline long atomic64_sub_return##name(long i, atomic64_t *v) \
" neg %[i], %[i]\n" \
" ldadd" #mb " %[i], x30, %[v]\n" \
" add %[i], %[i], x30") \
- : [i] "+r" (x0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter) \
+ : [i] "+&r" (x0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter) \
: "r" (x1) \
: __LL_SC_CLOBBERS, ##cl); \
\
@@ -404,7 +404,7 @@ static inline long atomic64_fetch_sub##name(long i, atomic64_t *v) \
/* LSE atomics */ \
" neg %[i], %[i]\n" \
" ldadd" #mb " %[i], %[i], %[v]") \
- : [i] "+r" (x0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter) \
+ : [i] "+&r" (x0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter) \
: "r" (x1) \
: __LL_SC_CLOBBERS, ##cl); \
\
@@ -435,7 +435,7 @@ static inline long atomic64_dec_if_positive(atomic64_t *v)
" sub x30, x30, %[ret]\n"
" cbnz x30, 1b\n"
"2:")
- : [ret] "+r" (x0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter)
+ : [ret] "+&r" (x0), [v] "+Q" (v->counter)
:
: __LL_SC_CLOBBERS, "cc", "memory");

@@ -516,7 +516,7 @@ static inline long __cmpxchg_double##name(unsigned long old1, \
" eor %[old1], %[old1], %[oldval1]\n" \
" eor %[old2], %[old2], %[oldval2]\n" \
" orr %[old1], %[old1], %[old2]") \
- : [old1] "+r" (x0), [old2] "+r" (x1), \
+ : [old1] "+&r" (x0), [old2] "+&r" (x1), \
[v] "+Q" (*(unsigned long *)ptr) \
: [new1] "r" (x2), [new2] "r" (x3), [ptr] "r" (x4), \
[oldval1] "r" (oldval1), [oldval2] "r" (oldval2) \
--
2.1.4
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-05-21 19:00    [W:0.049 / U:0.148 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site