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Subject[PATCH 4.14 26/95] mm: dont allow deferred pages with NEED_PER_CPU_KM
Date
4.14-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com>

commit ab1e8d8960b68f54af42b6484b5950bd13a4054b upstream.

It is unsafe to do virtual to physical translations before mm_init() is
called if struct page is needed in order to determine the memory section
number (see SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS). This is because only in mm_init()
we initialize struct pages for all the allocated memory when deferred
struct pages are used.

My recent fix in commit c9e97a1997 ("mm: initialize pages on demand
during boot") exposed this problem, because it greatly reduced number of
pages that are initialized before mm_init(), but the problem existed
even before my fix, as Fengguang Wu found.

Below is a more detailed explanation of the problem.

We initialize struct pages in four places:

1. Early in boot a small set of struct pages is initialized to fill the
first section, and lower zones.

2. During mm_init() we initialize "struct pages" for all the memory that
is allocated, i.e reserved in memblock.

3. Using on-demand logic when pages are allocated after mm_init call
(when memblock is finished)

4. After smp_init() when the rest free deferred pages are initialized.

The problem occurs if we try to do va to phys translation of a memory
between steps 1 and 2. Because we have not yet initialized struct pages
for all the reserved pages, it is inherently unsafe to do va to phys if
the translation itself requires access of "struct page" as in case of
this combination: CONFIG_SPARSE && !CONFIG_SPARSE_VMEMMAP

The following path exposes the problem:

start_kernel()
trap_init()
setup_cpu_entry_areas()
setup_cpu_entry_area(cpu)
get_cpu_gdt_paddr(cpu)
per_cpu_ptr_to_phys(addr)
pcpu_addr_to_page(addr)
virt_to_page(addr)
pfn_to_page(__pa(addr) >> PAGE_SHIFT)

We disable this path by not allowing NEED_PER_CPU_KM with deferred
struct pages feature.

The problems are discussed in these threads:
http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180418135300.inazvpxjxowogyge@wfg-t540p.sh.intel.com
http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180419013128.iurzouiqxvcnpbvz@wfg-t540p.sh.intel.com
http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180426202619.2768-1-pasha.tatashin@oracle.com

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180515175124.1770-1-pasha.tatashin@oracle.com
Fixes: 3a80a7fa7989 ("mm: meminit: initialise a subset of struct pages if CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT is set")
Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Steven Sistare <steven.sistare@oracle.com>
Cc: Daniel Jordan <daniel.m.jordan@oracle.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Dennis Zhou <dennisszhou@gmail.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
mm/Kconfig | 1 +
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)

--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -649,6 +649,7 @@ config DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT
depends on ARCH_SUPPORTS_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT
depends on NO_BOOTMEM && MEMORY_HOTPLUG
depends on !FLATMEM
+ depends on !NEED_PER_CPU_KM
help
Ordinarily all struct pages are initialised during early boot in a
single thread. On very large machines this can take a considerable

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