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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC v5] pidns: introduce syscall translate_pid
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On 15.05.2018 20:19, Nagarathnam Muthusamy wrote:
>
>
> On 04/24/2018 10:36 PM, Konstantin Khlebnikov wrote:
>> On 23.04.2018 20:37, Nagarathnam Muthusamy wrote:
>>>
>>>
>>> On 04/05/2018 12:02 AM, Konstantin Khlebnikov wrote:
>>>> On 05.04.2018 01:29, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
>>>>> Nagarathnam Muthusamy <nagarathnam.muthusamy@oracle.com> writes:
>>>>>
>>>>>> On 04/04/2018 12:11 PM, Konstantin Khlebnikov wrote:
>>>>>>> Each process have different pids, one for each pid namespace it belongs.
>>>>>>> When interaction happens within single pid-ns translation isn't required.
>>>>>>> More complicated scenarios needs special handling.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> For example:
>>>>>>> - reading pid-files or logs written inside container with pid namespace
>>>>>>> - attaching with ptrace to tasks from different pid namespace
>>>>>>> - passing pids across pid namespaces in any kind of API
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Currently there are several interfaces that could be used here:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Pid namespaces are identified by inode number of /proc/[pid]/ns/pid.
>>>>>
>>>>> Using the inode number in interfaces is not an option. Especially not
>>>>> withou referencing the device number for the filesystem as well.
>>>>
>>>> This is supposed to be single-instance fs,
>>>> not part of proc but referenced but its magic "symlinks".
>>>>
>>>> Device numbers are not mentioned in "man namespaces".
>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>>> Pids for nested Pid namespaces are shown in file /proc/[pid]/status.
>>>>>>> In some cases conversion pid -> vpid could be easily done using this
>>>>>>> information, but backward translation requires scanning all tasks.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Unix socket automatically translates pid attached to SCM_CREDENTIALS.
>>>>>>> This requires CAP_SYS_ADMIN for sending arbitrary pids and entering
>>>>>>> into pid namespace, this expose process and could be insecure.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> This patch adds new syscall for converting pids between pid namespaces:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> pid_t translate_pid(pid_t pid, int source_type, int source,
>>>>>>>                                  int target_type, int target);
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> @source_type and @target_type defines type of following arguments:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> TRANSLATE_PID_CURRENT_PIDNS  - current pid namespace, argument is unused
>>>>>>> TRANSLATE_PID_TASK_PIDNS     - task pid-ns, argument is task pid
>>>>>>
>>>>>> I believe using pid to represent the namespace has been already
>>>>>> discussed in V1 of this patch in https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/9/22/1087
>>>>>> after which we moved on to fd based version of this interface.
>>>>>
>>>>> Or in short why is the case of pids important?
>>>>>
>>>>> You Konstantin you almost said why they were important in your message
>>>>> saying you were going to send this one.  However you don't explain in
>>>>> your description why you want to identify pid namespaces by pid.
>>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Open of /proc/[pid]/ns/pid requires same permissions as ptrace,
>>>> pid based variant doesn't have such restrictions.
>>>
>>> Can you provide more information on usecase requiring PID translation but not used for tracing related purposes?
>>
>> Any introspection for [nested] containers. It's easier to work when you have all information when you don't have any.
>> For example our CMS https://github.com/yandex/porto allows to start nested sub-container (or even deeper) by request from any container
>> and have to tell back which pid task is have. And it could translate any pid inside into accessible by client and vice versa.
>>
>
> I still dont get the exact reason why PID based approach to identify the namespace during pid translation process is absolutely required
> compared to fd based approach.

As I told open(/proc/%d/ns/pid) have security restrictions - same uid/CAP_SYS_PTRACE/whatever
Pidns-fd holds pid-namespace and without restrictions could be abused.
Pid based API is racy but always available without any restrictions.


> From your version of TranslatePid in
>
> https://github.com/yandex/porto/blob/0d7e6e7e1830dcd0038a057b2ab9964cec5b8fab/src/util/unix.cpp
>
> I see that you are going through the trouble of forking a process and sending SMC_CREDENTIALS for pid translation. Even your existing API
> could be extremely simplified if translate_pid based on file descriptors make it to the gate and I believe from the last discussion it was
> almost there https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10305439/
>
>
>>> On a side note, can we have the types TRANSLATE_PID_CURRENT_PIDNS and TRANSLATE_PID_FD_PIDNS integrated first and then possibly extend
>>> the interface to include TRANSLATE_PID_TASK_PIDNS in future?
>>
>> I don't see reason for this separation.
>> Pids and pid namespaces are part of the API for a long time.
>
> If you are talking about the translate_pid API proposed, I believe the V4 proposed under https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10003935/ had
> only fd based API before a mix of PID and fd based is proposed in V5. Again, I was just wondering if we can get the FD based approach in
> first and then extend the API to include PID based approach later as fd based approach could provide a lot of immediate benefits?
>
> Thanks,
> Nagarathnam.
>>
>>>
>>> Thanks,
>>> Nagarathnam.
>>>> Most pid-based syscalls are racy in some cases but they are
>>>> here for decades and everybody knowns how to deal with it.
>>>> So, I've decided to merge both worlds in one interface which clearly tells what to expect.
>>>
>

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