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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 15/23] iommu: handle page response timeout
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Hi,

On 05/12/2018 04:54 AM, Jacob Pan wrote:
> When IO page faults are reported outside IOMMU subsystem, the page
> request handler may fail for various reasons. E.g. a guest received
> page requests but did not have a chance to run for a long time. The
> irresponsive behavior could hold off limited resources on the pending
> device.
> There can be hardware or credit based software solutions as suggested
> in the PCI ATS Ch-4. To provide a basic safty net this patch
> introduces a per device deferrable timer which monitors the longest
> pending page fault that requires a response. Proper action such as
> sending failure response code could be taken when timer expires but not
> included in this patch. We need to consider the life cycle of page
> groupd ID to prevent confusion with reused group ID by a device.
> For now, a warning message provides clue of such failure.
>
> Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
> ---
> drivers/iommu/iommu.c | 53 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/iommu.h | 4 ++++
> 2 files changed, 57 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> index 02fed3e..1f2f49e 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> @@ -827,6 +827,37 @@ int iommu_group_unregister_notifier(struct iommu_group *group,
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_group_unregister_notifier);
>
> +static void iommu_dev_fault_timer_fn(struct timer_list *t)
> +{
> + struct iommu_fault_param *fparam = from_timer(fparam, t, timer);
> + struct iommu_fault_event *evt;
> +
> + u64 now;
> +
> + now = get_jiffies_64();
> +
> + /* The goal is to ensure driver or guest page fault handler(via vfio)
> + * send page response on time. Otherwise, limited queue resources
> + * may be occupied by some irresponsive guests or drivers.
> + * When per device pending fault list is not empty, we periodically checks
> + * if any anticipated page response time has expired.
> + *
> + * TODO:
> + * We could do the following if response time expires:
> + * 1. send page response code FAILURE to all pending PRQ
> + * 2. inform device driver or vfio
> + * 3. drain in-flight page requests and responses for this device
> + * 4. clear pending fault list such that driver can unregister fault
> + * handler(otherwise blocked when pending faults are present).
> + */
> + list_for_each_entry(evt, &fparam->faults, list) {
> + if (time_after64(now, evt->expire))
> + pr_err("Page response time expired!, pasid %d gid %d exp %llu now %llu\n",
> + evt->pasid, evt->page_req_group_id, evt->expire, now);
> + }
> + mod_timer(t, now + prq_timeout);
> +}
> +

This timer scheme is very rough.

The timer expires every 10 seconds (by default).

0 10 20 30 40
+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+
^ ^ ^ ^ ^
| | | | |
F0 F1 F2 F3 (F1,F2,F3 will not be handled until here!)

F0, F1, F2, F3 are four page faults happens during [0, 10s) time
window. F1, F2, F3 timeout won't be handled until the timer expires
again at 20s. That means a fault might be pending there until about
(2 * prq_timeout) seconds later.

Out of curiosity, Why not adding a timer in iommu_fault_event, starting it in
iommu_report_device_fault() and removing it in iommu_page_response()?

Best regards,
Lu Baolu


> /**
> * iommu_register_device_fault_handler() - Register a device fault handler
> * @dev: the device
> @@ -879,6 +910,9 @@ int iommu_register_device_fault_handler(struct device *dev,
> param->fault_param->data = data;
> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&param->fault_param->faults);
>
> + if (prq_timeout)
> + timer_setup(&param->fault_param->timer, iommu_dev_fault_timer_fn,
> + TIMER_DEFERRABLE);
> done_unlock:
> mutex_unlock(&param->lock);
>
> @@ -935,6 +969,8 @@ int iommu_report_device_fault(struct device *dev, struct iommu_fault_event *evt)
> {
> int ret = 0;
> struct iommu_fault_event *evt_pending;
> + struct timer_list *tmr;
> + u64 exp;
> struct iommu_fault_param *fparam;
>
> /* iommu_param is allocated when device is added to group */
> @@ -955,7 +991,17 @@ int iommu_report_device_fault(struct device *dev, struct iommu_fault_event *evt)
> ret = -ENOMEM;
> goto done_unlock;
> }
> + /* Keep track of response expiration time */
> + exp = get_jiffies_64() + prq_timeout;
> + evt_pending->expire = exp;
> mutex_lock(&fparam->lock);
> + if (list_empty(&fparam->faults)) {
> + /* First pending event, start timer */
> + tmr = &dev->iommu_param->fault_param->timer;
> + WARN_ON(timer_pending(tmr));
> + mod_timer(tmr, exp);
> + }
> +
> list_add_tail(&evt_pending->list, &fparam->faults);
> mutex_unlock(&fparam->lock);
> }
> @@ -1572,6 +1618,13 @@ int iommu_page_response(struct device *dev,
> }
> }
>
> + /* stop response timer if no more pending request */
> + if (list_empty(&param->fault_param->faults) &&
> + timer_pending(&param->fault_param->timer)) {
> + pr_debug("no pending PRQ, stop timer\n");
> + del_timer(&param->fault_param->timer);
> + }
> +
> done_unlock:
> mutex_unlock(&param->fault_param->lock);
> return ret;
> diff --git a/include/linux/iommu.h b/include/linux/iommu.h
> index 722b90f..f3665b7 100644
> --- a/include/linux/iommu.h
> +++ b/include/linux/iommu.h
> @@ -360,6 +360,7 @@ enum iommu_fault_reason {
> * @iommu_private: used by the IOMMU driver for storing fault-specific
> * data. Users should not modify this field before
> * sending the fault response.
> + * @expire: time limit in jiffies will wait for page response
> */
> struct iommu_fault_event {
> struct list_head list;
> @@ -373,6 +374,7 @@ struct iommu_fault_event {
> u32 prot;
> u64 device_private;
> u64 iommu_private;
> + u64 expire;
> };
>
> /**
> @@ -380,11 +382,13 @@ struct iommu_fault_event {
> * @dev_fault_handler: Callback function to handle IOMMU faults at device level
> * @data: handler private data
> * @faults: holds the pending faults which needs response, e.g. page response.
> + * @timer: track page request pending time limit
> * @lock: protect pending PRQ event list
> */
> struct iommu_fault_param {
> iommu_dev_fault_handler_t handler;
> struct list_head faults;
> + struct timer_list timer;
> struct mutex lock;
> void *data;
> };

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