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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC 1/8] rcu: Add comment documenting how rcu_seq_snap works
On Sun, May 13, 2018 at 08:15:34PM -0700, Joel Fernandes (Google) wrote:
> rcu_seq_snap may be tricky for someone looking at it for the first time.
> Lets document how it works with an example to make it easier.
>
> Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
> ---
> kernel/rcu/rcu.h | 24 +++++++++++++++++++++++-
> 1 file changed, 23 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu.h b/kernel/rcu/rcu.h
> index 003671825d62..fc3170914ac7 100644
> --- a/kernel/rcu/rcu.h
> +++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu.h
> @@ -91,7 +91,29 @@ static inline void rcu_seq_end(unsigned long *sp)
> WRITE_ONCE(*sp, rcu_seq_endval(sp));
> }
>
> -/* Take a snapshot of the update side's sequence number. */
> +/*
> + * Take a snapshot of the update side's sequence number.
> + *
> + * This function predicts what the grace period number will be the next
> + * time an RCU callback will be executed, given the current grace period's
> + * number. This can be gp+1 if RCU is idle, or gp+2 if a grace period is
> + * already in progress.

How about something like this?

This function returns the earliest value of the grace-period
sequence number that will indicate that a full grace period has
elapsed since the current time. Once the grace-period sequence
number has reached this value, it will be safe to invoke all
callbacks that have been registered prior to the current time.
This value is the current grace-period number plus two to the
power of the number of low-order bits reserved for state, then
rounded up to the next value in which the state bits are all zero.

> + *
> + * We do this with a single addition and masking.

Please either fold this sentence into rest of the paragraph or add a
blank line after it.

> + * For example, if RCU_SEQ_STATE_MASK=1 and the least significant bit (LSB) of
> + * the seq is used to track if a GP is in progress or not, its sufficient if we
> + * add (2+1) and mask with ~1. Let's see why with an example:
> + *
> + * Say the current seq is 6 which is 0b110 (gp is 3 and state bit is 0).
> + * To get the next GP number, we have to at least add 0b10 to this (0x1 << 1)
> + * to account for the state bit. However, if the current seq is 7 (gp is 3 and
> + * state bit is 1), then it means the current grace period is already in
> + * progress so the next time the callback will run is at the end of grace
> + * period number gp+2. To account for the extra +1, we just overflow the LSB by
> + * adding another 0x1 and masking with ~0x1. In case no GP was in progress (RCU
> + * is idle), then the addition of the extra 0x1 and masking will have no
> + * effect. This is calculated as below.
> + */

Having the explicit numbers is good, but please use RCU_SEQ_STATE_MASK=3,
since that is the current value. One alternative (or perhaps addition)
is to have a short table of numbers showing the mapping from *sp to the
return value. (I started from such a table when writing this function,
for whatever that is worth.)

Thanx, Paul

> static inline unsigned long rcu_seq_snap(unsigned long *sp)
> {
> unsigned long s;
> --
> 2.17.0.441.gb46fe60e1d-goog
>

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