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SubjectRE: [External] Re: [PATCH v1] include/linux/gfp.h: getting rid of GFP_ZONE_TABLE/BAD
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> From: Matthew Wilcox [mailto:willy@infradead.org]
> Sent: Friday, May 11, 2018 9:26 PM>
> On Fri, May 11, 2018 at 03:24:34AM +0000, Huaisheng HS1 Ye wrote:
> > > From: owner-linux-mm@kvack.org [mailto:owner-linux-mm@kvack.org] On Behalf Of
> Matthew
> > > Wilcox
> > > On Fri, May 11, 2018 at 12:10:25AM +0800, Huaisheng Ye wrote:
> > > > -#define __GFP_DMA ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_DMA)
> > > > -#define __GFP_HIGHMEM ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_HIGHMEM)
> > > > -#define __GFP_DMA32 ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_DMA32)
> > > > +#define __GFP_DMA ((__force gfp_t)OPT_ZONE_DMA ^ ZONE_NORMAL)
> > > > +#define __GFP_HIGHMEM ((__force gfp_t)ZONE_MOVABLE ^ ZONE_NORMAL)
> > > > +#define __GFP_DMA32 ((__force gfp_t)OPT_ZONE_DMA32 ^ ZONE_NORMAL)
> > >
> > > No, you've made gfp_zone even more complex than it already is.
> > > If you can't use OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM here, then this is a waste of time.
> > >
> > Dear Matthew,
> >
> > The reason why I don't use OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM for __GFP_HIGHMEM directly is that,
> for x86_64 platform there is no CONFIG_HIGHMEM, so OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM shall always be
> equal to ZONE_NORMAL.
>
> Right. On 64-bit platforms, if somebody asks for HIGHMEM, they should
> get NORMAL pages.
>
> > For gfp_zone it is impossible to distinguish the meaning of lowest 3 bits in flags.
> How can gfp_zone to understand it comes from OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM or ZONE_NORMAL?
> > And the most pained thing is that, if __GFP_HIGHMEM with movable flag enabled, it
> means that ZONE_MOVABLE shall be returned.
> > That is different from ZONE_DMA, ZONE_DMA32 and ZONE_NORMAL.
>
> The point of this exercise is to actually encode the zone number in
> the bottom bits of the GFP flags instead of something which has to be
> interpreted into a zone number. When somebody sets __GFP_MOVABLE, they
> should also be setting ZONE_MOVABLE:
>
> -#define __GFP_MOVABLE ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_MOVABLE) /* ZONE_MOVABLE allowed */
> +#define __GFP_MOVABLE ((__force gfp_t)(___GFP_MOVABLE | (ZONE_MOVABLE ^ ZONE_NORMAL)))
>
I am afraid we couldn't do that, because __GFP_MOVABLE would be used potentially with other __GFPs like __GFP_DMA and __GFP_DMA32.
Let's go back to the previous example.
We assume ZONE_DMA equals to 0, and ZONE_DMA32 equals to 1. After encoding with ZONE_NORMAL (which equals to 2), we could get that.

#define __GFP_DMA ((__force gfp_t)OPT_ZONE_DMA ^ ZONE_NORMAL)
#define __GFP_DMA32 ((__force gfp_t)OPT_ZONE_DMA32 ^ ZONE_NORMAL)
__GPF_DMA = 0b 0010
__GPF_DMA32 = 0b 0011

We assume ZONE_MOVABLE equals to 3,
#define __GFP_MOVABLE ((__force gfp_t)(___GFP_MOVABLE | (ZONE_MOVABLE ^ ZONE_NORMAL)))
__GFP_MOVABLE = 0b 1001

If we OR'ing __GFP_MOVABLE and either __GFP_DMA or __GFP_DMA32, we could get same result as '0b 1011'.
This is unacceptable, because inline function gfp_zone couldn't distinguish that is a request of ZONE_DMA or ZONE_DMA32 from parameter flags.

Once more, I think if we want to encode ZONE_MOVABLE to __GFP_MOVABLE, then the operation of __GFP_MOVABLE OR'ing with any other __GFP* would have risk.

Sincerely,
Huaisheng Ye

> One thing that does need to change is:
>
> -#define GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE (GFP_HIGHUSER | __GFP_MOVABLE)
> +#define GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE (GFP_USER | __GFP_MOVABLE)
>
> otherwise we'll be OR'ing ZONE_MOVABLE and ZONE_HIGHMEM together.
>
> > I was thinking...
> > Whether it is possible to use other judgement condition to decide OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM
> or ZONE_MOVABLE shall be returned from gfp_zone.
> >
> > Sincerely,
> > Huaisheng Ye
> >
> >
> > > > static inline enum zone_type gfp_zone(gfp_t flags)
> > > > {
> > > > enum zone_type z;
> > > > - int bit = (__force int) (flags & GFP_ZONEMASK);
> > > > + z = ((__force unsigned int)flags & ___GFP_ZONE_MASK) ^ ZONE_NORMAL;
> > > > +
> > > > + if (z > OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM)
> > > > + z = OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM +
> > > > + !!((__force unsigned int)flags & ___GFP_MOVABLE);
> > > >
> > > > - z = (GFP_ZONE_TABLE >> (bit * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT)) &
> > > > - ((1 << GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) - 1);
> > > > - VM_BUG_ON((GFP_ZONE_BAD >> bit) & 1);
> > > > + VM_BUG_ON(z > ZONE_MOVABLE);
> > > > return z;
> > > > }
> >

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