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SubjectRe: [RFC/RFT] Add noats flag to boot parameters
On Sun, Apr 29, 2018 at 09:16:48PM +0300, Gil Kupfer wrote:
> This patch adds noats option to the pci boot parameter.
> When noats is selected, all ATS related functions fail immediately and
> the IOMMU is configured to not use device-iotlb.
>
> Any function that checks for ATS capabilities directly against the
> devices should also check this flag. (Currently, such functions exist
> only in IOMMU drivers, and they are covered by this patch.)
>
> The motivation behind this patch is the existence of malicious devices.
> Lots of research has been done about how to utilitize the IOMMU as a
> protection from such devices. When ATS is supported, any I/O device can
> access any physical access by faking device-IOTLB entries.
> Adding the ability to ignore these entries lets sysadmins enhance system
> security.
>
> Signed-off-by: Gil Kupfer <gilkup@cs.technion.ac.il>

Applied with Joerg's ack to pci/virtualization for v4.18, thanks!

> ---
> This patch is intended to add the ability to disable ATS at boot time.
>
> My IOMMU has the ATS ecap but I don't have any PCI device that supports
> ATS so I can't fully test it. However, I did ran it (with and without the
> new boot flag) on QEMU with virtualized IOMMU with the device-iotlb flag
> and it seems that at least the machine does not crush.
>
> QEMU version:
> master branch from Jul 11 2017
> commit aa916e409c04 ("Merge 29741be b876804")
> ---
> Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 2 ++
> drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c | 11 ++++++++---
> drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c | 3 ++-
> drivers/pci/ats.c | 3 +++
> drivers/pci/pci.c | 7 +++++++
> include/linux/pci.h | 2 ++
> 6 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
> index 7737ab5..f443362 100644
> --- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
> @@ -3000,6 +3000,8 @@
> pcie_scan_all Scan all possible PCIe devices. Otherwise we
> only look for one device below a PCIe downstream
> port.
> + noats [PCIE, Intel-IOMMU, AMD-IOMMU]
> + do not use PCIe ATS (and IOMMU device-iotlb).
>
> pcie_aspm= [PCIE] Forcibly enable or disable PCIe Active State Power
> Management.
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c
> index 0f1219f..2aa757e 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c
> @@ -388,6 +388,9 @@ static bool pci_iommuv2_capable(struct pci_dev *pdev)
> };
> int i, pos;
>
> + if (is_pcie_ats_disabled())
> + return false;
> +
> for (i = 0; i < 3; ++i) {
> pos = pci_find_ext_capability(pdev, caps[i]);
> if (pos == 0)
> @@ -3602,9 +3605,11 @@ int amd_iommu_device_info(struct pci_dev *pdev,
>
> memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info));
>
> - pos = pci_find_ext_capability(pdev, PCI_EXT_CAP_ID_ATS);
> - if (pos)
> - info->flags |= AMD_IOMMU_DEVICE_FLAG_ATS_SUP;
> + if (!is_pcie_ats_disabled()) {
> + pos = pci_find_ext_capability(pdev, PCI_EXT_CAP_ID_ATS);
> + if (pos)
> + info->flags |= AMD_IOMMU_DEVICE_FLAG_ATS_SUP;
> + }
>
> pos = pci_find_ext_capability(pdev, PCI_EXT_CAP_ID_PRI);
> if (pos)
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
> index fc2765c..7ac4adc 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
> @@ -2434,7 +2434,8 @@ static struct dmar_domain *dmar_insert_one_dev_info(struct intel_iommu *iommu,
> if (dev && dev_is_pci(dev)) {
> struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(info->dev);
>
> - if (ecap_dev_iotlb_support(iommu->ecap) &&
> + if (!is_pcie_ats_disabled() &&
> + ecap_dev_iotlb_support(iommu->ecap) &&
> pci_find_ext_capability(pdev, PCI_EXT_CAP_ID_ATS) &&
> dmar_find_matched_atsr_unit(pdev))
> info->ats_supported = 1;
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/ats.c b/drivers/pci/ats.c
> index eeb9fb2..619024d 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/ats.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/ats.c
> @@ -21,6 +21,9 @@ void pci_ats_init(struct pci_dev *dev)
> {
> int pos;
>
> + if (is_pcie_ats_disabled())
> + return;
> +
> pos = pci_find_ext_capability(dev, PCI_EXT_CAP_ID_ATS);
> if (!pos)
> return;
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci.c b/drivers/pci/pci.c
> index 563901c..eb77590 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/pci.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/pci.c
> @@ -109,6 +109,10 @@ unsigned int pcibios_max_latency = 255;
> /* If set, the PCIe ARI capability will not be used. */
> static bool pcie_ari_disabled;
>
> +/* If set, the PCIe ATS capability will not be used. */
> +static bool pcie_ats_disabled;
> +bool is_pcie_ats_disabled(void) { return pcie_ats_disabled; }
> +
> /* Disable bridge_d3 for all PCIe ports */
> static bool pci_bridge_d3_disable;
> /* Force bridge_d3 for all PCIe ports */
> @@ -5430,6 +5434,9 @@ static int __init pci_setup(char *str)
> if (*str && (str = pcibios_setup(str)) && *str) {
> if (!strcmp(str, "nomsi")) {
> pci_no_msi();
> + } else if (!strncmp(str, "noats", 5)) {
> + pr_info("PCIe: ATS is disabled\n");
> + pcie_ats_disabled = true;
> } else if (!strcmp(str, "noaer")) {
> pci_no_aer();
> } else if (!strncmp(str, "realloc=", 8)) {
> diff --git a/include/linux/pci.h b/include/linux/pci.h
> index 8039f9f..58fe5fb 100644
> --- a/include/linux/pci.h
> +++ b/include/linux/pci.h
> @@ -1420,6 +1420,8 @@ int ht_create_irq(struct pci_dev *dev, int idx);
> void ht_destroy_irq(unsigned int irq);
> #endif /* CONFIG_HT_IRQ */
>
> +bool is_pcie_ats_disabled(void);
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_ATS
> /* Address Translation Service */
> void pci_ats_init(struct pci_dev *dev);
> --
> 2.7.4
>

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