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SubjectRe: net: hang in unregister_netdevice: waiting for lo to become free
On Thu, May 10, 2018 at 2:46 AM, Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> wrote:
> On Mon, Apr 16, 2018 at 9:42 PM, Dan Streetman <ddstreet@ieee.org> wrote:
>>>>>> On Wed, Feb 21, 2018 at 3:53 PM, Tommi Rantala
>>>>>> <tommi.t.rantala@nokia.com> wrote:
>>>>>>> On 20.02.2018 18:26, Neil Horman wrote:
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Tue, Feb 20, 2018 at 09:14:41AM +0100, Dmitry Vyukov wrote:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> On Tue, Feb 20, 2018 at 8:56 AM, Tommi Rantala
>>>>>>>>> <tommi.t.rantala@nokia.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> On 19.02.2018 20:59, Dmitry Vyukov wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> Is this meant to be fixed already? I am still seeing this on the
>>>>>>>>>>> latest upstream tree.
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> These two commits are in v4.16-rc1:
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> commit 4a31a6b19f9ddf498c81f5c9b089742b7472a6f8
>>>>>>>>>> Author: Tommi Rantala <tommi.t.rantala@nokia.com>
>>>>>>>>>> Date: Mon Feb 5 21:48:14 2018 +0200
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> sctp: fix dst refcnt leak in sctp_v4_get_dst
>>>>>>>>>> ...
>>>>>>>>>> Fixes: 410f03831 ("sctp: add routing output fallback")
>>>>>>>>>> Fixes: 0ca50d12f ("sctp: fix src address selection if using
>>>>>>>>>> secondary
>>>>>>>>>> addresses")
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> commit 957d761cf91cdbb175ad7d8f5472336a4d54dbf2
>>>>>>>>>> Author: Alexey Kodanev <alexey.kodanev@oracle.com>
>>>>>>>>>> Date: Mon Feb 5 15:10:35 2018 +0300
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> sctp: fix dst refcnt leak in sctp_v6_get_dst()
>>>>>>>>>> ...
>>>>>>>>>> Fixes: dbc2b5e9a09e ("sctp: fix src address selection if using
>>>>>>>>>> secondary
>>>>>>>>>> addresses for ipv6")
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> I guess we missed something if it's still reproducible.
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> I can check it later this week, unless someone else beat me to it.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Hi Tommi,
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Hmmm, I can't claim that it's exactly the same bug. Perhaps it's
>>>>>>>>> another one then. But I am still seeing these:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> [ 58.799130] unregister_netdevice: waiting for lo to become free.
>>>>>>>>> Usage count = 4
>>>>>>>>> [ 60.847138] unregister_netdevice: waiting for lo to become free.
>>>>>>>>> Usage count = 4
>>>>>>>>> [ 62.895093] unregister_netdevice: waiting for lo to become free.
>>>>>>>>> Usage count = 4
>>>>>>>>> [ 64.943103] unregister_netdevice: waiting for lo to become free.
>>>>>>>>> Usage count = 4
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> on upstream tree pulled ~12 hours ago.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Can you write a systemtap script to probe dev_hold, and dev_put, printing
>>>>>>>> out a
>>>>>>>> backtrace if the device name matches "lo". That should tell us
>>>>>>>> definitively if
>>>>>>>> the problem is in the same location or not
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Hi Dmitry, I tested with the reproducer and the kernel .config file that you
>>>>>>> sent in the first email in this thread:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> With 4.16-rc2 unable to reproduce.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> With 4.15-rc9 bug reproducible, and I get "unregister_netdevice: waiting for
>>>>>>> lo to become free. Usage count = 3"
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> With 4.15-rc9 and Alexey's "sctp: fix dst refcnt leak in sctp_v6_get_dst()"
>>>>>>> cherry-picked on top, unable to reproduce.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Is syzkaller doing something else now to trigger the bug...?
>>>>>>> Can you still trigger the bug with the same reproducer?
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Hi Neil, Tommi,
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Reviving this old thread about "unregister_netdevice: waiting for lo
>>>>>> to become free. Usage count = 3" hangs.
>>>>>> I still did not have time to deep dive into what happens there (too
>>>>>> many bugs coming from syzbot). But this still actively happens and I
>>>>>> suspect accounts to a significant portion of various hang reports,
>>>>>> which are quite unpleasant.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> One idea that could make it all simpler:
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Is this wait loop in netdev_wait_allrefs() supposed to wait for any
>>>>>> prolonged periods of time under any non-buggy conditions? E.g. more
>>>>>> than 1-2 minutes?
>>>>>> If it only supposed to wait briefly for things that already supposed
>>>>>> to be shutting down, and we add a WARNING there after some timeout,
>>>>>> then syzbot will report all info how/when it happens, hopefully
>>>>>> extracting reproducers, and all the nice things.
>>>>>> But this WARNING should not have any false positives under any
>>>>>> realistic conditions (e.g. waiting for arrival of remote packets with
>>>>>> large timeouts).
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Looking at some task hung reports, it seems that this code holds some
>>>>>> mutexes, takes workqueue thread and prevents any progress with
>>>>>> destruction of other devices (and net namespace creation/destruction),
>>>>>> so I guess it should not wait for any indefinite periods of time?
>>>>>
>>>>> I'm working on this currently:
>>>>> https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/zesty/+source/linux/+bug/1711407
>>>>>
>>>>> I added a summary of what I've found to be the cause (or at least, one
>>>>> possible cause) of this:
>>>>> https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/linux/+bug/1711407/comments/72
>>>>>
>>>>> I'm working on a patch to work around the main side-effect of this,
>>>>> which is hanging while holding the global net mutex. Hangs will still
>>>>> happen (e.g. if a dst leaks) but should not affect anything else,
>>>>> other than a leak of the dst and its net namespace.
>>>>>
>>>>> Fixing the dst leaks is important too, of course, but a dst leak (or
>>>>> other cause) shouldn't break the entire system.
>>>>
>>>> Leaking some memory is definitely better than hanging the system.
>>>>
>>>> So I've made syzkaller to recognize "unregister_netdevice: waiting for
>>>> (.*) to become free" as a kernel bug:
>>>> https://github.com/google/syzkaller/commit/7a67784ca8bdc3b26cce2f0ec9a40d2dd9ec9396
>>>> Unfortunately it does not make it catch these bugs because creating a
>>>> net namespace per test is too damn slow, so namespaces are reused for
>>>> lots of tests and when/if it's eventually destroyed it's already too
>>>> late to find root cause.
>>>>
>>>> But I've run a one-off experiment with prompt net namespace
>>>> destruction and syzkaller was able to easily extract a C reproducer:
>>>> https://gist.githubusercontent.com/dvyukov/d571e8fff24e127ca48a8c4790d42bfa/raw/52050e93ba9afbb5126b9d7bb39b7e71a82af016/gistfile1.txt
>>>>
>>>> On upstream 16e205cf42da1f497b10a4a24f563e6c0d574eec with this config:
>>>> https://gist.githubusercontent.com/dvyukov/9663c57443adb21f2795b92ef0829d62/raw/bbea0652e23746096dd56855a28f6c681aebcdee/gistfile1.txt
>>>>
>>>> this gives me:
>>>>
>>>> [ 83.183198] unregister_netdevice: waiting for lo to become free.
>>>> Usage count = 9
>>>> [ 85.231202] unregister_netdevice: waiting for lo to become free.
>>>> Usage count = 9
>>>> ...
>>>> [ 523.511205] unregister_netdevice: waiting for lo to become free.
>>>> Usage count = 9
>>>> ...
>>>>
>>>> This is generated from this syzkaller program:
>>>>
>>>> r0 = socket$inet6(0xa, 0x1, 0x84)
>>>> setsockopt$inet6_IPV6_XFRM_POLICY(r0, 0x29, 0x23,
>>>> &(0x7f0000000380)={{{@in6=@remote={0xfe, 0x80, [], 0xbb},
>>>> @in=@dev={0xac, 0x14, 0x14}, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0xa}, {}, {}, 0x0,
>>>> 0x0, 0x1}, {{@in=@local={0xac, 0x14, 0x14, 0xaa}, 0x0, 0x32}, 0x0,
>>>> @in=@local={0xac, 0x14, 0x14, 0xaa}, 0x3504}}, 0xe8)
>>>> bind$inet6(r0, &(0x7f0000000000)={0xa, 0x4e20}, 0x1c)
>>>> connect$inet(r0, &(0x7f0000000040)={0x2, 0x4e20, @dev={0xac, 0x14,
>>>> 0x14, 0xd}}, 0x10)
>>>> syz_emit_ethernet(0x3e, &(0x7f00000001c0)={@local={[0xaa, 0xaa, 0xaa,
>>>> 0xaa, 0xaa], 0xaa}, @dev={[0xaa, 0xaa, 0xaa, 0xaa, 0xaa]}, [],
>>>> {@ipv6={0x86dd, {0x0, 0x6, "50a09c", 0x8, 0xffffff11, 0x0,
>>>> @remote={0xfe, 0x80, [], 0xbb}, @local={0xfe, 0x80, [], 0xaa}, {[],
>>>> @udp={0x0, 0x4e20, 0x8}}}}}}, &(0x7f0000000040))
>>>>
>>>> So this seems to be related to IPv6 and/or xfrm and is potentially
>>>> caused by external packets (that syz_emit_ethernet call).
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> Here is another repro which seems to be a different bug (note that it
>>> requires fault injection):
>>>
>>> https://gist.githubusercontent.com/dvyukov/1c56623016cc4c24a69d433c5114ad5b/raw/530478f571b195193101b912aa646948528baa8e/gistfile1.txt
>>>
>>> Dan, do you mind taking a look at them? Fixing these should eliminate
>>> root causes of these hangs/leaks.
>>
>> Yep I will look at them, thanks for the reproducers.
>
> Hi Dan,
>
> Any updates on this? syzbot is hitting this all the time.

Sorry, the recent changes from net_mutex -> net_rwsem/pernet_ops_rwsem
have complicated what I had done to workaround this, but I'm still
working on it. Apologies for the delay.

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