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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 3/4] mm: treat memory.low value inclusive
On Thu, Apr 05, 2018 at 03:45:26PM -0400, Johannes Weiner wrote:
> On Thu, Apr 05, 2018 at 07:59:20PM +0100, Roman Gushchin wrote:
> > If memcg's usage is equal to the memory.low value, avoid reclaiming
> > from this cgroup while there is a surplus of reclaimable memory.
> >
> > This sounds more logical and also matches memory.high and memory.max
> > behavior: both are inclusive.
>
> I was trying to figure out why we did it this way in the first place
> and found this patch:
>
> commit 4e54dede38b45052a941bcf709f7d29f2e18174d
> Author: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
> Date: Fri Feb 27 15:51:46 2015 -0800
>
> memcg: fix low limit calculation
>
> A memcg is considered low limited even when the current usage is equal to
> the low limit. This leads to interesting side effects e.g.
> groups/hierarchies with no memory accounted are considered protected and
> so the reclaim will emit MEMCG_LOW event when encountering them.
>
> Another and much bigger issue was reported by Joonsoo Kim. He has hit a
> NULL ptr dereference with the legacy cgroup API which even doesn't have
> low limit exposed. The limit is 0 by default but the initial check fails
> for memcg with 0 consumption and parent_mem_cgroup() would return NULL if
> use_hierarchy is 0 and so page_counter_read would try to dereference NULL.
>
> I suppose that the current implementation is just an overlook because the
> documentation in Documentation/cgroups/unified-hierarchy.txt says:
>
> "The memory.low boundary on the other hand is a top-down allocated
> reserve. A cgroup enjoys reclaim protection when it and all its
> ancestors are below their low boundaries"
>
> Fix the usage and the low limit comparision in mem_cgroup_low accordingly.
>
> > @@ -5709,7 +5709,7 @@ bool mem_cgroup_low(struct mem_cgroup *root, struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
> > elow = min(elow, parent_elow * low_usage / siblings_low_usage);
> > exit:
> > memcg->memory.elow = elow;
> > - return usage < elow;
> > + return usage <= elow;
>
> So I think this needs to be usage && usage <= elow to not emit
> MEMCG_LOW events in case usage == elow == 0.

Perfect catch! Thanks, Johannes!

Updated version below.

--

From 466c35c36cae392cfee5e54a2884792972e789ee Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Date: Thu, 5 Apr 2018 19:31:35 +0100
Subject: [PATCH v4 3/4] mm: treat memory.low value inclusive

If memcg's usage is equal to the memory.low value, avoid reclaiming
from this cgroup while there is a surplus of reclaimable memory.

This sounds more logical and also matches memory.high and memory.max
behavior: both are inclusive.

Empty cgroups are not considered protected, so MEMCG_LOW events
are not emitted for empty cgroups, if there is no more reclaimable
memory in the system.

Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: kernel-team@fb.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Cc: cgroups@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
---
mm/memcontrol.c | 6 +++---
1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index 78cf21f2a943..3d039fa1a8f5 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -5608,14 +5608,14 @@ struct cgroup_subsys memory_cgrp_subsys = {
};

/**
- * mem_cgroup_low - check if memory consumption is below the normal range
+ * mem_cgroup_low - check if memory consumption is in the normal range
* @root: the top ancestor of the sub-tree being checked
* @memcg: the memory cgroup to check
*
* WARNING: This function is not stateless! It can only be used as part
* of a top-down tree iteration, not for isolated queries.
*
- * Returns %true if memory consumption of @memcg is below the normal range.
+ * Returns %true if memory consumption of @memcg is in the normal range.
*
* @root is exclusive; it is never low when looked at directly
*
@@ -5709,7 +5709,7 @@ bool mem_cgroup_low(struct mem_cgroup *root, struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
elow = min(elow, parent_elow * low_usage / siblings_low_usage);
exit:
memcg->memory.elow = elow;
- return usage < elow;
+ return usage && usage <= elow;
}

/**
--
2.14.3
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