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SubjectRe: [PATCH net-next] netns: filter uevents correctly
On Thu, Apr 05, 2018 at 05:26:59PM +0300, Kirill Tkhai wrote:
> On 05.04.2018 17:07, Christian Brauner wrote:
> > On Thu, Apr 05, 2018 at 04:01:03PM +0300, Kirill Tkhai wrote:
> >> On 04.04.2018 22:48, Christian Brauner wrote:
> >>> commit 07e98962fa77 ("kobject: Send hotplug events in all network namespaces")
> >>>
> >>> enabled sending hotplug events into all network namespaces back in 2010.
> >>> Over time the set of uevents that get sent into all network namespaces has
> >>> shrunk. We have now reached the point where hotplug events for all devices
> >>> that carry a namespace tag are filtered according to that namespace.
> >>>
> >>> Specifically, they are filtered whenever the namespace tag of the kobject
> >>> does not match the namespace tag of the netlink socket. One example are
> >>> network devices. Uevents for network devices only show up in the network
> >>> namespaces these devices are moved to or created in.
> >>>
> >>> However, any uevent for a kobject that does not have a namespace tag
> >>> associated with it will not be filtered and we will *try* to broadcast it
> >>> into all network namespaces.
> >>>
> >>> The original patchset was written in 2010 before user namespaces were a
> >>> thing. With the introduction of user namespaces sending out uevents became
> >>> partially isolated as they were filtered by user namespaces:
> >>>
> >>> net/netlink/af_netlink.c:do_one_broadcast()
> >>>
> >>> if (!net_eq(sock_net(sk), p->net)) {
> >>> if (!(nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_LISTEN_ALL_NSID))
> >>> return;
> >>>
> >>> if (!peernet_has_id(sock_net(sk), p->net))
> >>> return;
> >>>
> >>> if (!file_ns_capable(sk->sk_socket->file, p->net->user_ns,
> >>> CAP_NET_BROADCAST))
> >>> j return;
> >>> }
> >>>
> >>> The file_ns_capable() check will check whether the caller had
> >>> CAP_NET_BROADCAST at the time of opening the netlink socket in the user
> >>> namespace of interest. This check is fine in general but seems insufficient
> >>> to me when paired with uevents. The reason is that devices always belong to
> >>> the initial user namespace so uevents for kobjects that do not carry a
> >>> namespace tag should never be sent into another user namespace. This has
> >>> been the intention all along. But there's one case where this breaks,
> >>> namely if a new user namespace is created by root on the host and an
> >>> identity mapping is established between root on the host and root in the
> >>> new user namespace. Here's a reproducer:
> >>>
> >>> sudo unshare -U --map-root
> >>> udevadm monitor -k
> >>> # Now change to initial user namespace and e.g. do
> >>> modprobe kvm
> >>> # or
> >>> rmmod kvm
> >>>
> >>> will allow the non-initial user namespace to retrieve all uevents from the
> >>> host. This seems very anecdotal given that in the general case user
> >>> namespaces do not see any uevents and also can't really do anything useful
> >>> with them.
> >>>
> >>> Additionally, it is now possible to send uevents from userspace. As such we
> >>> can let a sufficiently privileged (CAP_SYS_ADMIN in the owning user
> >>> namespace of the network namespace of the netlink socket) userspace process
> >>> make a decision what uevents should be sent.
> >>>
> >>> This makes me think that we should simply ensure that uevents for kobjects
> >>> that do not carry a namespace tag are *always* filtered by user namespace
> >>> in kobj_bcast_filter(). Specifically:
> >>> - If the owning user namespace of the uevent socket is not init_user_ns the
> >>> event will always be filtered.
> >>> - If the network namespace the uevent socket belongs to was created in the
> >>> initial user namespace but was opened from a non-initial user namespace
> >>> the event will be filtered as well.
> >>> Put another way, uevents for kobjects not carrying a namespace tag are now
> >>> always only sent to the initial user namespace. The regression potential
> >>> for this is near to non-existent since user namespaces can't really do
> >>> anything with interesting devices.
> >>>
> >>> Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
> >>> ---
> >>> lib/kobject_uevent.c | 10 +++++++++-
> >>> 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >>>
> >>> diff --git a/lib/kobject_uevent.c b/lib/kobject_uevent.c
> >>> index 15ea216a67ce..cb98cddb6e3b 100644
> >>> --- a/lib/kobject_uevent.c
> >>> +++ b/lib/kobject_uevent.c
> >>> @@ -251,7 +251,15 @@ static int kobj_bcast_filter(struct sock *dsk, struct sk_buff *skb, void *data)
> >>> return sock_ns != ns;
> >>> }
> >>>
> >>> - return 0;
> >>> + /*
> >>> + * The kobject does not carry a namespace tag so filter by user
> >>> + * namespace below.
> >>> + */
> >>> + if (sock_net(dsk)->user_ns != &init_user_ns)
> >>> + return 1;
> >>> +
> >>> + /* Check if socket was opened from non-initial user namespace. */
> >>> + return sk_user_ns(dsk) != &init_user_ns;
> >>> }
> >>> #endif
> >>
> >> So, this prohibits to listen events of all devices except network-related
> >> in containers? If it's so, I don't think it's a good solution. Uevents is not
> >
> > No, this is not correct: As it is right now *without my patch* no
> > non-initial user namespace is receiving *any uevents* but those
> > specifically namespaced such as those for network devices. This patch
> > doesn't change that at all. The commit message outlines this in detail
> > how this comes about.
> > There is only one case where this currently breaks and this is as I
> > outlined explicitly in my commit message when you create a new user
> > namespace and map container(0) -> host(0). This patch fixes this.
>
> Could you please point the place, where non-initial user namespaces are filtered?
> I only see the kobj_bcast_filter() logic, and it used to return 0, which means "accepted".
> Now it will return 1 sometimes.

Oh sure, it's in the commit message though. The callchain is
lib/kobject_uevent.c:kobject_uevent_net_broadcast() ->
nnet/netlink/af_netlink.c:netlink_broadcast_filtered() ->
net/netlink/af_netlink.c:do_one_broadcast():

This codepiece will check whether the openened socket holds
CAP_NET_BROADCAST in the user namespace of the target network namespace
which it won't because we don't have device namespaces and all devices
belong to the initial set of namespaces.

if (!file_ns_capable(sk->sk_socket->file, p->net->user_ns,
CAP_NET_BROADCAST))
j return;

The only exception are network devices but they will pass the preceeding
if (!net_eq(sock_net(sk), p->net)) for any netlink uevent socket opened
in the same network namespace.

>
> >> net-devices-only related interface and it's used for all devices in system.
> >> People may want to delegate block devices to nested user_ns, for example.
> >
> > That's fine but that's why I added uevent injection in a previous patch
> > series: I repeat no non-initial user namespace will by default receive
> > uevents.
>
> Thanks,
> Kirill

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