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Subject[RFC 1/2] kvm: add virtio pmem driver
Date
  This patch adds virtio-pmem driver for KVM guest.
Guest reads the persistent memory range information
from Qemu over VIRTIO and registers it on 'nvdimm_bus'.
It also creates a 'nd_region' object with the persistent
memory range information so that existing 'nvdimm/pmem'
driver can allocate this memeory into system memory map.
This way 'virtio-pmem' driver uses existing functionality
of pmem driver to register persistent memory compatible
for DAX capable filesystems.

It also provides function to perform guest flush over
VIRTIO from 'pmem' driver when userspace performs flush on
DAX memory range.

There is work to do including flush at host side and other
features of pmem driver.

Signed-off-by: Pankaj Gupta <pagupta@redhat.com>
---
drivers/virtio/Kconfig | 12 ++++
drivers/virtio/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/virtio/virtio_pmem.c | 122 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/libnvdimm.h | 2 +
include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h | 1 +
include/uapi/linux/virtio_pmem.h | 61 ++++++++++++++++++++
6 files changed, 199 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/virtio/virtio_pmem.c
create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/virtio_pmem.h

diff --git a/drivers/virtio/Kconfig b/drivers/virtio/Kconfig
index cff773f..437de03 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/virtio/Kconfig
@@ -38,6 +38,18 @@ config VIRTIO_PCI_LEGACY

If unsure, say Y.

+config VIRTIO_PMEM
+ tristate "Virtio pmem driver"
+ depends on VIRTIO
+ ---help---
+ This driver adds persistent memory range to nd_region and registers
+ with nvdimm bus. NVDIMM 'pmem' driver later allocates a persistent
+ memory range on the memory information added by this driver. In addition
+ to this, 'virtio-pmem' driver also provides a paravirt flushing interface
+ from guest to host.
+
+ If unsure, say M.
+
config VIRTIO_BALLOON
tristate "Virtio balloon driver"
depends on VIRTIO
diff --git a/drivers/virtio/Makefile b/drivers/virtio/Makefile
index 3a2b5c5..cbe91c6 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/virtio/Makefile
@@ -6,3 +6,4 @@ virtio_pci-y := virtio_pci_modern.o virtio_pci_common.o
virtio_pci-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_PCI_LEGACY) += virtio_pci_legacy.o
obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_BALLOON) += virtio_balloon.o
obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_INPUT) += virtio_input.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_PMEM) += virtio_pmem.o
diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_pmem.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_pmem.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4fffbb5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_pmem.c
@@ -0,0 +1,122 @@
+/*
+ * virtio-pmem driver
+ */
+
+#include <linux/virtio.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/oom.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
+#include <linux/magic.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_pmem.h>
+#include <linux/libnvdimm.h>
+
+static void pmem_flush_done(struct virtqueue *vq)
+{
+ return;
+};
+
+static int init_vq(struct virtio_pmem *vpmem)
+{
+ struct virtqueue *vq;
+
+ /* single vq */
+ vpmem->req_vq = vq = virtio_find_single_vq(vpmem->vdev,
+ pmem_flush_done, "flush_queue");
+
+ if (IS_ERR(vq))
+ return PTR_ERR(vq);
+
+ return 0;
+};
+
+static int virtio_pmem_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+ int err = 0;
+ struct resource res;
+ struct virtio_pmem *vpmem;
+ struct nvdimm_bus *nvdimm_bus;
+ struct nd_region_desc ndr_desc;
+ int nid = dev_to_node(&vdev->dev);
+ static struct nvdimm_bus_descriptor nd_desc;
+
+ if (!vdev->config->get) {
+ dev_err(&vdev->dev, "%s failure: config disabled\n",
+ __func__);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ vdev->priv = vpmem = devm_kzalloc(&vdev->dev, sizeof(*vpmem),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!vpmem) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ vpmem->vdev = vdev;
+ err = init_vq(vpmem);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+
+ virtio_cread(vpmem->vdev, struct virtio_pmem_config,
+ start, &vpmem->start);
+ virtio_cread(vpmem->vdev, struct virtio_pmem_config,
+ size, &vpmem->size);
+ virtio_cread(vpmem->vdev, struct virtio_pmem_config,
+ align, &vpmem->align);
+
+ res.start = vpmem->start;
+ res.end = vpmem->start + vpmem->size-1;
+
+ memset(&nd_desc, 0, sizeof(nd_desc));
+ nd_desc.provider_name = "virtio-pmem";
+ nd_desc.module = THIS_MODULE;
+ nvdimm_bus = nvdimm_bus_register(&vdev->dev, &nd_desc);
+
+ if (!nvdimm_bus)
+ goto out_nd;
+ dev_set_drvdata(&vdev->dev, nvdimm_bus);
+
+ memset(&ndr_desc, 0, sizeof(ndr_desc));
+ ndr_desc.res = &res;
+ ndr_desc.numa_node = nid;
+ set_bit(ND_REGION_PAGEMAP, &ndr_desc.flags);
+ set_bit(ND_REGION_VIRTIO, &ndr_desc.flags);
+
+ if (!nvdimm_pmem_region_create(nvdimm_bus, &ndr_desc))
+ goto out_nd;
+
+ virtio_device_ready(vdev);
+ return 0;
+
+out_nd:
+ nvdimm_bus_unregister(nvdimm_bus);
+out:
+ dev_err(&vdev->dev, "failed to register virtio pmem ranges\n");
+ vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
+ return err;
+}
+
+static void virtio_pmem_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+ struct nvdimm_bus *nvdimm_bus = dev_get_drvdata(&vdev->dev);
+
+ nvdimm_bus_unregister(nvdimm_bus);
+ vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
+}
+
+static struct virtio_driver virtio_pmem_driver = {
+ .driver.name = KBUILD_MODNAME,
+ .driver.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .id_table = id_table,
+ .probe = virtio_pmem_probe,
+ .remove = virtio_pmem_remove,
+};
+
+module_virtio_driver(virtio_pmem_driver);
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(virtio, id_table);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Virtio pmem driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
diff --git a/include/linux/libnvdimm.h b/include/linux/libnvdimm.h
index f8109dd..ce9bf49 100644
--- a/include/linux/libnvdimm.h
+++ b/include/linux/libnvdimm.h
@@ -47,6 +47,8 @@ enum {

/* region flag indicating to direct-map persistent memory by default */
ND_REGION_PAGEMAP = 0,
+ /* region flag indicating to use VIRTIO flush interface for pmem */
+ ND_REGION_VIRTIO = 1,

/* mark newly adjusted resources as requiring a label update */
DPA_RESOURCE_ADJUSTED = 1 << 0,
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h
index 6d5c3b2..5ebd049 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h
@@ -43,5 +43,6 @@
#define VIRTIO_ID_INPUT 18 /* virtio input */
#define VIRTIO_ID_VSOCK 19 /* virtio vsock transport */
#define VIRTIO_ID_CRYPTO 20 /* virtio crypto */
+#define VIRTIO_ID_PMEM 21 /* virtio pmem */

#endif /* _LINUX_VIRTIO_IDS_H */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_pmem.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_pmem.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4a46092
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_pmem.h
@@ -0,0 +1,61 @@
+/*
+ * Virtio pmem Driver
+ *
+ * Discovers persitent memory information to guest
+ * and provides a virtio flushing interface
+ *
+ */
+
+#ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_PMEM_H
+#define _LINUX_VIRTIO_PMEM_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_types.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_ids.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_config.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_ring.h>
+
+
+struct virtio_pmem_config {
+
+ uint64_t start;
+ uint64_t size;
+ uint64_t align;
+};
+
+struct virtio_pmem {
+
+ struct virtio_device *vdev;
+ struct virtqueue *req_vq;
+
+ uint64_t start;
+ uint64_t size;
+ uint64_t align;
+} __packed;
+
+static struct virtio_device_id id_table[] = {
+ { VIRTIO_ID_PMEM, VIRTIO_DEV_ANY_ID },
+ { 0 },
+};
+
+void virtio_pmem_flush(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct scatterlist sg;
+ struct virtio_device *vdev = dev_to_virtio(dev->parent->parent);
+ struct virtio_pmem *vpmem = vdev->priv;
+ char *buf = "FLUSH";
+ int err;
+
+ sg_init_one(&sg, buf, sizeof(buf));
+
+ err = virtqueue_add_outbuf(vpmem->req_vq, &sg, 1, buf, GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ if (err) {
+ dev_err(&vdev->dev, "failed to send command to virtio pmem device\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ virtqueue_kick(vpmem->req_vq);
+};
+
+#endif
--
2.9.3
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