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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 2/2] perf: riscv: Add Document for Future Porting Guide
Hi Alex,

On Tue, Apr 03, 2018 at 07:08:43PM -0700, Alex Solomatnikov wrote:
> Doc fixes:
>
>

Thanks for these fixes. I'll edit this patch and send a v3 once I am done
with the PMU patch.

I suppose a "Reviewed-by: Alex Solomatnikov" appending at the end of the
commit will be great, right?

Alan

> diff --git a/Documentation/riscv/pmu.txt b/Documentation/riscv/pmu.txt
> index a3e930e..ae90a5e 100644
> --- a/Documentation/riscv/pmu.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/riscv/pmu.txt
> @@ -20,7 +20,7 @@ the lack of the following general architectural
> performance monitoring features:
> * Enabling/Disabling counters
> Counters are just free-running all the time in our case.
> * Interrupt caused by counter overflow
> - No such design in the spec.
> + No such feature in the spec.
> * Interrupt indicator
> It is not possible to have many interrupt ports for all counters, so an
> interrupt indicator is required for software to tell which counter has
> @@ -159,14 +159,14 @@ interrupt for perf, so the details are to be
> completed in the future.
>
> They seem symmetric but perf treats them quite differently. For reading, there
> is a *read* interface in *struct pmu*, but it serves more than just reading.
> -According to the context, the *read* function not only read the content of the
> -counter (event->count), but also update the left period to the next interrupt
> +According to the context, the *read* function not only reads the content of the
> +counter (event->count), but also updates the left period for the next interrupt
> (event->hw.period_left).
>
> But the core of perf does not need direct write to counters. Writing counters
> -hides behind the abstraction of 1) *pmu->start*, literally start
> counting so one
> +is hidden behind the abstraction of 1) *pmu->start*, literally start
> counting so one
> has to set the counter to a good value for the next interrupt; 2)
> inside the IRQ
> -it should set the counter with the same reason.
> +it should set the counter to the same reasonable value.
>
> Reading is not a problem in RISC-V but writing would need some effort, since
> counters are not allowed to be written by S-mode.
> @@ -190,37 +190,37 @@ Three states (event->hw.state) are defined:
> A normal flow of these state transitions are as follows:
>
> * A user launches a perf event, resulting in calling to *event_init*.
> -* When being context-switched in, *add* is called by the perf core, with flag
> - PERF_EF_START, which mean that the event should be started after it is added.
> - In this stage, an general event is binded to a physical counter, if any.
> +* When being context-switched in, *add* is called by the perf core, with a flag
> + PERF_EF_START, which means that the event should be started after
> it is added.
> + At this stage, a general event is bound to a physical counter, if any.
> The state changes to PERF_HES_STOPPED and PERF_HES_UPTODATE,
> because it is now
> stopped, and the (software) event count does not need updating.
> ** *start* is then called, and the counter is enabled.
> - With flag PERF_EF_RELOAD, it write the counter to an appropriate
> value (check
> - previous section for detail).
> - No writing is made if the flag does not contain PERF_EF_RELOAD.
> - The state now is reset to none, because it is neither stopped nor update
> - (the counting already starts)
> -* When being context-switched out, *del* is called. It then checkout all the
> - events in the PMU and call *stop* to update their counts.
> + With flag PERF_EF_RELOAD, it writes an appropriate value to the
> counter (check
> + the previous section for details).
> + Nothing is written if the flag does not contain PERF_EF_RELOAD.
> + The state now is reset to none, because it is neither stopped nor updated
> + (the counting already started)
> +* When being context-switched out, *del* is called. It then checks out all the
> + events in the PMU and calls *stop* to update their counts.
> ** *stop* is called by *del*
> and the perf core with flag PERF_EF_UPDATE, and it often shares the same
> subroutine as *read* with the same logic.
> The state changes to PERF_HES_STOPPED and PERF_HES_UPTODATE, again.
>
> -** Life cycles of these two pairs: *add* and *del* are called repeatedly as
> +** Life cycle of these two pairs: *add* and *del* are called repeatedly as
> tasks switch in-and-out; *start* and *stop* is also called when the perf core
> needs a quick stop-and-start, for instance, when the interrupt
> period is being
> adjusted.
>
> -Current implementation is sufficient for now and can be easily extend to
> +Current implementation is sufficient for now and can be easily
> extended with new
> features in the future.
>
> A. Related Structures
> ---------------------
>
> -* struct pmu: include/linux/perf_events.h
> -* struct riscv_pmu: arch/riscv/include/asm/perf_events.h
> +* struct pmu: include/linux/perf_event.h
> +* struct riscv_pmu: arch/riscv/include/asm/perf_event.h
>
> Both structures are designed to be read-only.
>
> @@ -231,13 +231,13 @@ perf's internal state machine (check
> kernel/events/core.c for details).
> *struct riscv_pmu* defines PMU-specific parameters. The naming follows the
> convention of all other architectures.
>
> -* struct perf_event: include/linux/perf_events.h
> +* struct perf_event: include/linux/perf_event.h
> * struct hw_perf_event
>
> The generic structure that represents perf events, and the hardware-related
> details.
>
> -* struct riscv_hw_events: arch/riscv/include/asm/perf_events.h
> +* struct riscv_hw_events: arch/riscv/include/asm/perf_event.h
>
> The structure that holds the status of events, has two fixed members:
> the number of events and the array of the events.
>
>

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