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Subject[RFC PATCH 75/79] mm/page_ronly: add page read only core structure and helpers.
Date
From: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>

Page read only is a generic framework for page write protection.
It reuses the same mechanism as KSM by using the lower bit of the
page->mapping fields, and KSM is converted to use this generic
framework.

Signed-off-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
---
include/linux/page_ronly.h | 169 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 169 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 include/linux/page_ronly.h

diff --git a/include/linux/page_ronly.h b/include/linux/page_ronly.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6312d4f015ea
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/page_ronly.h
@@ -0,0 +1,169 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2015 Red Hat Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
+ * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * Authors: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
+ */
+/*
+ * Page read only generic wrapper. This is common struct use to write protect
+ * page by means of forbidding anyone from inserting a pte (page table entry)
+ * with write flag set. It reuse the ksm mecanism (which use lower bit of the
+ * mapping field of struct page).
+ */
+#ifndef LINUX_PAGE_RONLY_H
+#define LINUX_PAGE_RONLY_H
+#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_RONLY
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/page-flags.h>
+#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
+#include <linux/mm_types.h>
+
+
+/* enum page_ronly_event - Event that trigger a call to unprotec().
+ *
+ * @PAGE_RONLY_SWAPIN: Page fault on at an address with a swap entry pte.
+ * @PAGE_RONLY_WFAULT: Write page fault.
+ * @PAGE_RONLY_GUP: Get user page.
+ */
+enum page_ronly_event {
+ PAGE_RONLY_SWAPIN,
+ PAGE_RONLY_WFAULT,
+ PAGE_RONLY_GUP,
+};
+
+/* struct page_ronly_ops - Page read only operations.
+ *
+ * @unprotect: Callback to unprotect a page (mandatory).
+ * @rmap_walk: Callback to walk reverse mapping of a page (mandatory).
+ *
+ * Kernel user that want to use the page write protection mechanism have to
+ * provide a number of callback.
+ */
+struct page_ronly_ops {
+ struct page *(*unprotect)(struct page *page,
+ unsigned long addr,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ enum page_ronly_event event);
+ int (*rmap_walk)(struct page *page, struct rmap_walk_control *rwc);
+};
+
+/* struct page_ronly - Replace page->mapping when a page is write protected.
+ *
+ * @ops: Pointer to page read only operations.
+ *
+ * Page that are write protect have their page->mapping field pointing to this
+ * wrapper structure. It must be allocated by page read only user and must be
+ * free (if needed) inside unprotect() callback.
+ */
+struct page_ronly {
+ const struct page_ronly_ops *ops;
+};
+
+
+/* page_ronly() - Return page_ronly struct if any or NULL.
+ *
+ * @page: The page for which to replace the page->mapping field.
+ */
+static inline struct page_ronly *page_ronly(struct page *page)
+{
+ return PageReadOnly(page) ? page_rmapping(page) : NULL;
+}
+
+/* page_ronly_set() - Replace page->mapping with ptr to page_ronly struct.
+ *
+ * @page: The page for which to replace the page->mapping field.
+ * @ronly: The page_ronly structure to set.
+ *
+ * Page must be locked.
+ */
+static inline void page_ronly_set(struct page *page, struct page_ronly *ronly)
+{
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page);
+
+ page->mapping = (void *)ronly + (PAGE_MAPPING_ANON|PAGE_MAPPING_RONLY);
+}
+
+/* page_ronly_unprotect() - Unprotect a read only protected page.
+ *
+ * @page: The page to unprotect.
+ * @addr: Fault address that trigger the unprotect.
+ * @vma: The vma of the fault address.
+ * @event: Event which triggered the unprotect.
+ *
+ * Page must be locked and must be a read only page.
+ */
+static inline struct page *page_ronly_unprotect(struct page *page,
+ unsigned long addr,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ enum page_ronly_event event)
+{
+ struct page_ronly *pageronly;
+
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page);
+ /*
+ * Rely on the page lock to protect against concurrent modifications
+ * to that page's node of the stable tree.
+ */
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageReadOnly(page), page);
+ pageronly = page_ronly(page);
+ if (pageronly)
+ return pageronly->ops->unprotect(page, addr, vma, event);
+ /* Safest fallback. */
+ return page;
+}
+
+/* page_ronly_rmap_walk() - Walk all CPU page table mapping of a page.
+ *
+ * @page: The page for which to replace the page->mapping field.
+ * @rwc: Private control variable for each reverse walk.
+ *
+ * Page must be locked and must be a read only page.
+ */
+static inline void page_ronly_rmap_walk(struct page *page,
+ struct rmap_walk_control *rwc)
+{
+ struct page_ronly *pageronly;
+
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page);
+ /*
+ * Rely on the page lock to protect against concurrent modifications
+ * to that page's node of the stable tree.
+ */
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageReadOnly(page), page);
+ pageronly = page_ronly(page);
+ if (pageronly)
+ pageronly->ops->rmap_walk(page, rwc);
+}
+
+#else /* CONFIG_PAGE_RONLY */
+
+static inline struct page *page_ronly_unprotect(struct page *page,
+ unsigned long addr,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ enum page_ronly_event event)
+{
+ /* This should not happen ! */
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(1, page);
+ return page;
+}
+
+static inline int page_ronly_rmap_walk(struct page *page,
+ struct rmap_walk_control *rwc)
+{
+ /* This should not happen ! */
+ BUG();
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_RONLY */
+#endif /* LINUX_PAGE_RONLY_H */
--
2.14.3
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