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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mmc: pwrseq: Use kmalloc_array instead of stack VLA
On 26 March 2018 at 08:33, Tobin C. Harding <me@tobin.cc> wrote:
> The use of stack Variable Length Arrays needs to be avoided, as they
> can be a vector for stack exhaustion, which can be both a runtime bug
> (kernel Oops) or a security flaw (overwriting memory beyond the
> stack). Also, in general, as code evolves it is easy to lose track of
> how big a VLA can get. Thus, we can end up having runtime failures
> that are hard to debug. As part of the directive[1] to remove all VLAs
> from the kernel, and build with -Wvla.
>
> Currently driver is using a VLA declared using the number of descriptors. This
> array is used to store integer values and is later used as an argument to
> `gpiod_set_array_value_cansleep()` This can be avoided by using
> `kmalloc_array()` to allocate memory for the array of integer values. Memory is
> free'd before return from function.
>
> From the code it appears that it is safe to sleep so we can use GFP_KERNEL
> (based _cansleep() suffix of function `gpiod_set_array_value_cansleep()`.
>
> It can be expected that this patch will result in a small increase in overhead
> due to the use of `kmalloc_array()`
>
> [1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/3/7/621
>
> Signed-off-by: Tobin C. Harding <me@tobin.cc>

Thanks, queued for 3.18!

Kind regards
Uffe

> ---
>
> Patch is untested. I was not able to fully grok the call chain involved
> with this change so was unable to quantify the total degradation
> of performance.
>
> Line calling to gpiod_set_array_value_cansleep() is 83 characters long,
> patch attempts to leave the code as clean as possible. Open to
> suggestions for improvement. I tried various forms of while loop and
> pointer arithmetic for the setting of `values` but in the end settled
> for array indexing, again open to suggestions.
>
> thanks,
> Tobin.
>
> drivers/mmc/core/pwrseq_simple.c | 14 +++++++++-----
> 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/mmc/core/pwrseq_simple.c b/drivers/mmc/core/pwrseq_simple.c
> index 13ef162cf066..a8b9fee4d62a 100644
> --- a/drivers/mmc/core/pwrseq_simple.c
> +++ b/drivers/mmc/core/pwrseq_simple.c
> @@ -40,14 +40,18 @@ static void mmc_pwrseq_simple_set_gpios_value(struct mmc_pwrseq_simple *pwrseq,
> struct gpio_descs *reset_gpios = pwrseq->reset_gpios;
>
> if (!IS_ERR(reset_gpios)) {
> - int i;
> - int values[reset_gpios->ndescs];
> + int i, *values;
> + int nvalues = reset_gpios->ndescs;
>
> - for (i = 0; i < reset_gpios->ndescs; i++)
> + values = kmalloc_array(nvalues, sizeof(int), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!values)
> + return;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < nvalues; i++)
> values[i] = value;
>
> - gpiod_set_array_value_cansleep(
> - reset_gpios->ndescs, reset_gpios->desc, values);
> + gpiod_set_array_value_cansleep(nvalues, reset_gpios->desc, values);
> + kfree(values);
> }
> }
>
> --
> 2.7.4
>

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