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Subject[tip:perf/urgent] perf trace: Show only failing syscalls
Commit-ID:  0a6545bda2756807a089c64352edfc5628c57e6c
Gitweb: https://git.kernel.org/tip/0a6545bda2756807a089c64352edfc5628c57e6c
Author: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
AuthorDate: Thu, 29 Mar 2018 12:22:59 -0300
Committer: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
CommitDate: Mon, 2 Apr 2018 07:57:37 -0300

perf trace: Show only failing syscalls

For instance:

# perf probe "vfs_getname=getname_flags:72 pathname=result->name:string"
Added new event:
probe:vfs_getname (on getname_flags:72 with pathname=result->name:string)

You can now use it in all perf tools, such as:

perf record -e probe:vfs_getname -aR sleep 1

# perf trace --failure sleep 1
0.043 ( 0.010 ms): sleep/10978 access(filename: /etc/ld.so.preload, mode: R) = -1 ENOENT No such file or directory

For reference, here are all the syscalls in this case:

# perf trace sleep 1
? ( ): sleep/10976 ... [continued]: execve()) = 0
0.027 ( 0.001 ms): sleep/10976 brk() = 0x55bdc2d04000
0.044 ( 0.010 ms): sleep/10976 access(filename: /etc/ld.so.preload, mode: R) = -1 ENOENT No such file or directory
0.057 ( 0.006 ms): sleep/10976 openat(dfd: CWD, filename: /etc/ld.so.cache, flags: CLOEXEC) = 3
0.064 ( 0.002 ms): sleep/10976 fstat(fd: 3, statbuf: 0x7fffac22b370) = 0
0.067 ( 0.003 ms): sleep/10976 mmap(len: 111457, prot: READ, flags: PRIVATE, fd: 3) = 0x7feec8615000
0.071 ( 0.001 ms): sleep/10976 close(fd: 3) = 0
0.080 ( 0.007 ms): sleep/10976 openat(dfd: CWD, filename: /lib64/libc.so.6, flags: CLOEXEC) = 3
0.088 ( 0.002 ms): sleep/10976 read(fd: 3, buf: 0x7fffac22b538, count: 832) = 832
0.092 ( 0.001 ms): sleep/10976 fstat(fd: 3, statbuf: 0x7fffac22b3d0) = 0
0.094 ( 0.002 ms): sleep/10976 mmap(len: 8192, prot: READ|WRITE, flags: PRIVATE|ANONYMOUS) = 0x7feec8613000
0.099 ( 0.004 ms): sleep/10976 mmap(len: 3889792, prot: EXEC|READ, flags: PRIVATE|DENYWRITE, fd: 3) = 0x7feec8057000
0.104 ( 0.007 ms): sleep/10976 mprotect(start: 0x7feec8203000, len: 2097152) = 0
0.112 ( 0.005 ms): sleep/10976 mmap(addr: 0x7feec8403000, len: 24576, prot: READ|WRITE, flags: PRIVATE|DENYWRITE|FIXED, fd: 3, off: 1753088) = 0x7feec8403000
0.120 ( 0.003 ms): sleep/10976 mmap(addr: 0x7feec8409000, len: 14976, prot: READ|WRITE, flags: PRIVATE|ANONYMOUS|FIXED) = 0x7feec8409000
0.128 ( 0.001 ms): sleep/10976 close(fd: 3) = 0
0.139 ( 0.001 ms): sleep/10976 arch_prctl(option: 4098, arg2: 140663540761856) = 0
0.186 ( 0.004 ms): sleep/10976 mprotect(start: 0x7feec8403000, len: 16384, prot: READ) = 0
0.204 ( 0.003 ms): sleep/10976 mprotect(start: 0x55bdc0ec3000, len: 4096, prot: READ) = 0
0.209 ( 0.004 ms): sleep/10976 mprotect(start: 0x7feec8631000, len: 4096, prot: READ) = 0
0.214 ( 0.010 ms): sleep/10976 munmap(addr: 0x7feec8615000, len: 111457) = 0
0.269 ( 0.001 ms): sleep/10976 brk() = 0x55bdc2d04000
0.271 ( 0.002 ms): sleep/10976 brk(brk: 0x55bdc2d25000) = 0x55bdc2d25000
0.274 ( 0.001 ms): sleep/10976 brk() = 0x55bdc2d25000
0.278 ( 0.007 ms): sleep/10976 open(filename: /usr/lib/locale/locale-archive, flags: CLOEXEC) = 3
0.288 ( 0.001 ms): sleep/10976 fstat(fd: 3</usr/lib/locale/locale-archive>, statbuf: 0x7feec8408aa0) = 0
0.290 ( 0.003 ms): sleep/10976 mmap(len: 113045344, prot: READ, flags: PRIVATE, fd: 3) = 0x7feec1488000
0.297 ( 0.001 ms): sleep/10976 close(fd: 3</usr/lib/locale/locale-archive>) = 0
0.325 (1000.193 ms): sleep/10976 nanosleep(rqtp: 0x7fffac22c0b0) = 0
1000.560 ( 0.006 ms): sleep/10976 close(fd: 1) = 0
1000.573 ( 0.005 ms): sleep/10976 close(fd: 2) = 0
1000.596 ( ): sleep/10976 exit_group()
#

And can be done systemwide, etc, with backtraces:

# perf trace --max-stack=16 --failure sleep 1
0.048 ( 0.015 ms): sleep/11092 access(filename: /etc/ld.so.preload, mode: R) = -1 ENOENT No such file or directory
__access (inlined)
dl_main (/usr/lib64/ld-2.26.so)
#

Or for some specific syscalls:

# perf trace --max-stack=16 -e openat --failure cat /tmp/rien
cat: /tmp/rien: No such file or directory
0.251 ( 0.012 ms): cat/11106 openat(dfd: CWD, filename: /tmp/rien) = -1 ENOENT No such file or directory
__libc_open64 (inlined)
main (/usr/bin/cat)
__libc_start_main (/usr/lib64/libc-2.26.so)
_start (/usr/bin/cat)
#

Look for inotify* syscalls that fail, system wide, for 2 seconds, with backtraces:

# perf trace -a --max-stack=16 --failure -e inotify* sleep 2
819.165 ( 0.058 ms): gmain/1724 inotify_add_watch(fd: 8<anon_inode:inotify>, pathname: /home/acme/~, mask: 16789454) = -1 ENOENT No such file or directory
__GI_inotify_add_watch (inlined)
_ik_watch (/usr/lib64/libgio-2.0.so.0.5400.3)
_ip_start_watching (/usr/lib64/libgio-2.0.so.0.5400.3)
im_scan_missing (/usr/lib64/libgio-2.0.so.0.5400.3)
g_timeout_dispatch (/usr/lib64/libglib-2.0.so.0.5400.3)
g_main_context_dispatch (/usr/lib64/libglib-2.0.so.0.5400.3)
g_main_context_iterate.isra.23 (/usr/lib64/libglib-2.0.so.0.5400.3)
g_main_context_iteration (/usr/lib64/libglib-2.0.so.0.5400.3)
glib_worker_main (/usr/lib64/libglib-2.0.so.0.5400.3)
g_thread_proxy (/usr/lib64/libglib-2.0.so.0.5400.3)
start_thread (/usr/lib64/libpthread-2.26.so)
__GI___clone (inlined)
#

Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-8f7d3mngaxvi7tlzloz3n7cs@git.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
---
tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace.txt | 3 +++
tools/perf/builtin-trace.c | 9 ++++++---
2 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace.txt b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace.txt
index 5a7035c5c523..115db9e06ecd 100644
--- a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace.txt
+++ b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace.txt
@@ -117,6 +117,9 @@ the thread executes on the designated CPUs. Default is to monitor all CPUs.
--sched::
Accrue thread runtime and provide a summary at the end of the session.

+--failure::
+ Show only syscalls that failed, i.e. that returned < 0.
+
-i::
--input::
Process events from a given perf data file.
diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-trace.c b/tools/perf/builtin-trace.c
index 87b95c9410b4..4e03f0f68241 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-trace.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-trace.c
@@ -112,6 +112,7 @@ struct trace {
bool multiple_threads;
bool summary;
bool summary_only;
+ bool failure_only;
bool show_comm;
bool print_sample;
bool show_tool_stats;
@@ -1565,7 +1566,7 @@ static int trace__printf_interrupted_entry(struct trace *trace)
struct thread_trace *ttrace;
size_t printed;

- if (trace->current == NULL)
+ if (trace->failure_only || trace->current == NULL)
return 0;

ttrace = thread__priv(trace->current);
@@ -1638,7 +1639,7 @@ static int trace__sys_enter(struct trace *trace, struct perf_evsel *evsel,
args, trace, thread);

if (sc->is_exit) {
- if (!(trace->duration_filter || trace->summary_only || trace->min_stack)) {
+ if (!(trace->duration_filter || trace->summary_only || trace->failure_only || trace->min_stack)) {
trace__fprintf_entry_head(trace, thread, 0, false, ttrace->entry_time, trace->output);
fprintf(trace->output, "%-70s)\n", ttrace->entry_str);
}
@@ -1742,7 +1743,7 @@ static int trace__sys_exit(struct trace *trace, struct perf_evsel *evsel,
}
}

- if (trace->summary_only)
+ if (trace->summary_only || (ret >= 0 && trace->failure_only))
goto out;

trace__fprintf_entry_head(trace, thread, duration, duration_calculated, ttrace->entry_time, trace->output);
@@ -3087,6 +3088,8 @@ int cmd_trace(int argc, const char **argv)
OPT_INCR('v', "verbose", &verbose, "be more verbose"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('T', "time", &trace.full_time,
"Show full timestamp, not time relative to first start"),
+ OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "failure", &trace.failure_only,
+ "Show only syscalls that failed"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('s', "summary", &trace.summary_only,
"Show only syscall summary with statistics"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('S', "with-summary", &trace.summary,
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