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SubjectRe: [PATCH v10 08/25] mm: VMA sequence count
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On 23/04/2018 08:42, Minchan Kim wrote:
> On Tue, Apr 17, 2018 at 04:33:14PM +0200, Laurent Dufour wrote:
>> From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
>>
>> Wrap the VMA modifications (vma_adjust/unmap_page_range) with sequence
>> counts such that we can easily test if a VMA is changed.
>
> So, seqcount is to protect modifying all attributes of vma?

The seqcount is used to protect fields that will be used during the speculative
page fault like boundaries, protections.

>>
>> The unmap_page_range() one allows us to make assumptions about
>> page-tables; when we find the seqcount hasn't changed we can assume
>> page-tables are still valid.
>
> Hmm, seqcount covers page-table, too.
> Please describe what the seqcount want to protect.

The calls to vm_write_begin/end() in unmap_page_range() are used to detect when
a VMA is being unmap and thus that new page fault should not be satisfied for
this VMA. This is protecting the VMA unmapping operation, not the page tables
themselves.

>>
>> The flip side is that we cannot distinguish between a vma_adjust() and
>> the unmap_page_range() -- where with the former we could have
>> re-checked the vma bounds against the address.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
>>
>> [Port to 4.12 kernel]
>> [Build depends on CONFIG_SPECULATIVE_PAGE_FAULT]
>> [Introduce vm_write_* inline function depending on
>> CONFIG_SPECULATIVE_PAGE_FAULT]
>> [Fix lock dependency between mapping->i_mmap_rwsem and vma->vm_sequence by
>> using vm_raw_write* functions]
>> [Fix a lock dependency warning in mmap_region() when entering the error
>> path]
>> [move sequence initialisation INIT_VMA()]
>> Signed-off-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>> ---
>> include/linux/mm.h | 44 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> include/linux/mm_types.h | 3 +++
>> mm/memory.c | 2 ++
>> mm/mmap.c | 31 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> 4 files changed, 80 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
>> index efc1248b82bd..988daf7030c9 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/mm.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/mm.h
>> @@ -1264,6 +1264,9 @@ struct zap_details {
>> static inline void INIT_VMA(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>> {
>> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->anon_vma_chain);
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SPECULATIVE_PAGE_FAULT
>> + seqcount_init(&vma->vm_sequence);
>> +#endif
>> }
>>
>> struct page *_vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
>> @@ -1386,6 +1389,47 @@ static inline void unmap_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping,
>> unmap_mapping_range(mapping, holebegin, holelen, 0);
>> }
>>
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SPECULATIVE_PAGE_FAULT
>> +static inline void vm_write_begin(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>> +{
>> + write_seqcount_begin(&vma->vm_sequence);
>> +}
>> +static inline void vm_write_begin_nested(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
>> + int subclass)
>> +{
>> + write_seqcount_begin_nested(&vma->vm_sequence, subclass);
>> +}
>> +static inline void vm_write_end(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>> +{
>> + write_seqcount_end(&vma->vm_sequence);
>> +}
>> +static inline void vm_raw_write_begin(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>> +{
>> + raw_write_seqcount_begin(&vma->vm_sequence);
>> +}
>> +static inline void vm_raw_write_end(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>> +{
>> + raw_write_seqcount_end(&vma->vm_sequence);
>> +}
>> +#else
>> +static inline void vm_write_begin(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>> +{
>> +}
>> +static inline void vm_write_begin_nested(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
>> + int subclass)
>> +{
>> +}
>> +static inline void vm_write_end(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>> +{
>> +}
>> +static inline void vm_raw_write_begin(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>> +{
>> +}
>> +static inline void vm_raw_write_end(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>> +{
>> +}
>> +#endif /* CONFIG_SPECULATIVE_PAGE_FAULT */
>> +
>> extern int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr,
>> void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags);
>> extern int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
>> diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
>> index 21612347d311..db5e9d630e7a 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
>> @@ -335,6 +335,9 @@ struct vm_area_struct {
>> struct mempolicy *vm_policy; /* NUMA policy for the VMA */
>> #endif
>> struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx;
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SPECULATIVE_PAGE_FAULT
>> + seqcount_t vm_sequence;
>> +#endif
>> } __randomize_layout;
>>
>> struct core_thread {
>> diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
>> index f86efcb8e268..f7fed053df80 100644
>> --- a/mm/memory.c
>> +++ b/mm/memory.c
>> @@ -1503,6 +1503,7 @@ void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
>> unsigned long next;
>>
>> BUG_ON(addr >= end);
>
> The comment about saying it aims for page-table stability will help.

A comment may be added mentioning that we use the seqcount to indicate that the
VMA is modified, being unmapped. But there is not a real page table protection,
and I think this may be confusing to talk about page table stability here.

>
>> + vm_write_begin(vma);
>> tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma);
>> pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr);
>> do {
>> @@ -1512,6 +1513,7 @@ void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
>> next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details);
>> } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end);
>> tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma);
>> + vm_write_end(vma);
>> }
>>
>>
>> diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
>> index 8bd9ae1dfacc..813e49589ea1 100644
>> --- a/mm/mmap.c
>> +++ b/mm/mmap.c
>> @@ -692,6 +692,30 @@ int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
>> long adjust_next = 0;
>> int remove_next = 0;
>>
>> + /*
>> + * Why using vm_raw_write*() functions here to avoid lockdep's warning ?
>> + *
>> + * Locked is complaining about a theoretical lock dependency, involving
>> + * 3 locks:
>> + * mapping->i_mmap_rwsem --> vma->vm_sequence --> fs_reclaim
>> + *
>> + * Here are the major path leading to this dependency :
>> + * 1. __vma_adjust() mmap_sem -> vm_sequence -> i_mmap_rwsem
>> + * 2. move_vmap() mmap_sem -> vm_sequence -> fs_reclaim
>> + * 3. __alloc_pages_nodemask() fs_reclaim -> i_mmap_rwsem
>> + * 4. unmap_mapping_range() i_mmap_rwsem -> vm_sequence
>> + *
>> + * So there is no way to solve this easily, especially because in
>> + * unmap_mapping_range() the i_mmap_rwsem is grab while the impacted
>> + * VMAs are not yet known.
>> + * However, the way the vm_seq is used is guarantying that we will
>> + * never block on it since we just check for its value and never wait
>> + * for it to move, see vma_has_changed() and handle_speculative_fault().
>> + */
>> + vm_raw_write_begin(vma);
>> + if (next)
>> + vm_raw_write_begin(next);
>> +
>> if (next && !insert) {
>> struct vm_area_struct *exporter = NULL, *importer = NULL;
>>
>> @@ -902,6 +926,7 @@ int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
>> anon_vma_merge(vma, next);
>> mm->map_count--;
>> mpol_put(vma_policy(next));
>> + vm_raw_write_end(next);
>> kmem_cache_free(vm_area_cachep, next);
>> /*
>> * In mprotect's case 6 (see comments on vma_merge),
>> @@ -916,6 +941,8 @@ int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
>> * "vma->vm_next" gap must be updated.
>> */
>> next = vma->vm_next;
>> + if (next)
>> + vm_raw_write_begin(next);
>> } else {
>> /*
>> * For the scope of the comment "next" and
>> @@ -962,6 +989,10 @@ int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
>> if (insert && file)
>> uprobe_mmap(insert);
>>
>> + if (next && next != vma)
>> + vm_raw_write_end(next);
>> + vm_raw_write_end(vma);
>> +
>> validate_mm(mm);
>>
>> return 0;
>> --
>> 2.7.4
>>
>

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