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SubjectRe: [PATCHv2,1/7] sched: Add static_key for asymmetric cpu capacity optimizations
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Hi,

On 27/04/18 15:04, Jiada Wang wrote:
> Hi
>
> with this patch, if enable CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP=y,
> then I am getting following BUG report during early startup
>

Thanks for bringing that up.

> Backtrace caused by [1] during early kernel startup:
> [ 5.325288] CPU: All CPU(s) started at EL2
> [ 5.325700] alternatives: patching kernel code
> [ 5.329255] BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context at ./include/linux/percpu-rwsem.h:34
> [ 5.329525] in_atomic(): 0, irqs_disabled(): 0, pid: 1, name: swapper/0
> [ 5.329657] 2 locks held by swapper/0/1:
> [ 5.329744] #0: (sched_domains_mutex){+.+.}, at: [<ffff20000957f244>] sched_init_smp+0x88/0x158
> [ 5.329993] #1: (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: [<ffff200008159794>] build_sched_domains+0x9cc/0x2f08
> [ 5.330233] Preemption disabled at:
> [ 5.330256] [<ffff200008157b5c>] rq_attach_root+0x28/0x1d8
> [ 5.330511] CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 4.14.17+ #123
> [ 5.330635] Hardware name: Renesas Salvator-X board based on r8a7795 ES2.0+ (DT)
> [ 5.330779] Call trace:
> [ 5.330853] [<ffff20000808fe88>] dump_backtrace+0x0/0x364
> [ 5.330968] [<ffff200008090200>] show_stack+0x14/0x1c
> [ 5.331080] [<ffff200008f365d8>] dump_stack+0x108/0x174
> [ 5.331194] [<ffff200008113170>] ___might_sleep+0x43c/0x44c
> [ 5.331310] [<ffff2000081132e4>] __might_sleep+0x164/0x178
> [ 5.331429] [<ffff2000080b2338>] cpus_read_lock+0x38/0x12c
> [ 5.331547] [<ffff2000082d5860>] static_key_enable+0x14/0x2c
> [ 5.331665] [<ffff20000815bcac>] build_sched_domains+0x2ee4/0x2f08
> [ 5.331789] [<ffff20000815cc9c>] sched_init_domains+0xcc/0xe8
> [ 5.331908] [<ffff20000957f250>] sched_init_smp+0x94/0x158
> [ 5.332026] [<ffff200009571560>] kernel_init_freeable+0x1ec/0x4c4
> [ 5.332153] [<ffff200008f593a8>] kernel_init+0x10/0x128
> [ 5.332264] [<ffff2000080865d4>] ret_from_fork+0x10/0x18
> [ 5.343400] devtmpfs: initialized
>

I tried reproducing this on my HiKey960, and I do get a BUG pointing at a
static_key_enable but at a completely different place...

[ 0.158072] BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context at kernel/locking/mutex.c:238
[ 0.158074] in_atomic(): 1, irqs_disabled(): 128, pid: 0, name: swapper/4
[ 0.158080] CPU: 4 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/4 Tainted: G S 4.16.0-linaro-hikey960 #4
[ 0.158081] Hardware name: HiKey960 (DT)
[ 0.158083] Call trace:
[ 0.158098] dump_backtrace+0x0/0x188
[ 0.158102] show_stack+0x14/0x20
[ 0.158108] dump_stack+0x98/0xbc
[ 0.158113] ___might_sleep+0xf0/0x118
[ 0.158115] __might_sleep+0x50/0x88
[ 0.158118] mutex_lock+0x24/0x60
[ 0.158124] static_key_enable_cpuslocked+0x50/0xc0
[ 0.158130] arch_timer_check_ool_workaround+0x1ac/0x228
[ 0.158133] arch_timer_starting_cpu+0xfc/0x2e8
[ 0.158137] cpuhp_invoke_callback+0xa0/0x228
[ 0.158140] notify_cpu_starting+0x70/0x90
[ 0.158143] secondary_start_kernel+0x128/0x1c8



I went and had a look at the documentation for the static keys, and it mentions
fun stuff can happen with hotplug. I gave it a try and got this:

root@linaro-developer:~# echo 0 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu4/online
[ 1893.765366] CPU4: shutdown
[ 1893.768077] psci: CPU4 killed.
[ 1893.771890] BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context at ./include/linux/percpu-rwsem.h:34
[ 1893.773361] crct10dif_ce: Unknown symbol _mcount (err 0)
[ 1893.777754] in_atomic(): 0, irqs_disabled(): 0, pid: 3392, name: kworker/4:0
[ 1893.799136] CPU: 0 PID: 3392 Comm: kworker/4:0 Tainted: G S W 4.16.0-linaro-hikey960 #4
[ 1893.808180] Hardware name: HiKey960 (DT)
[ 1893.812110] Workqueue: events cpuset_hotplug_workfn
[ 1893.816984] Call trace:
[ 1893.819430] dump_backtrace+0x0/0x188
[ 1893.823088] show_stack+0x14/0x20
[ 1893.826401] dump_stack+0x98/0xbc
[ 1893.829712] ___might_sleep+0xf0/0x118
[ 1893.833455] __might_sleep+0x50/0x88
[ 1893.837028] cpus_read_lock+0x1c/0x90
[ 1893.840689] static_key_enable+0x14/0x30
[ 1893.844608] build_sched_domains+0xe4c/0xf00
[ 1893.848874] partition_sched_domains+0x2c8/0x410
[ 1893.853486] rebuild_sched_domains_locked+0xe4/0x430
[ 1893.858446] rebuild_sched_domains+0x20/0x38
[ 1893.862712] cpuset_hotplug_workfn+0x28c/0x6b8
[ 1893.867153] process_one_work+0x114/0x330
[ 1893.871158] worker_thread+0x130/0x470
[ 1893.874903] kthread+0x104/0x130
[ 1893.878126] ret_from_fork+0x10/0x18


This seems to be complaining about holding 'sched_domains_mutex' while
taking the hotplug lock before flipping the static key.

Thing is, both callers of build_sched_domains():

- sched_init_domains()
- partition_sched_domains()

mention that they must be called with the hotplug lock held, so I figured
we could use that information to change the static key call (see snippet
below).

It does suppress the warning, and I *think* it's not completely insane -
assuming the comments about the hotplug lock are still up to date, and with
the exception of sched_init_smp() which doesn't care about hotplugs it seems
to be the case.

SMT also uses a static key but avoids this issue by being enabled outside of
sched_init_domains(), and from what I see it's just set once and for all.
I'm not sure we can use the same approach since we might not always be able
to detect asymmetry this early.

> Thanks,
> Jiada
>

Cheers,
Valentin

--->8---

diff --git a/kernel/sched/topology.c b/kernel/sched/topology.c
index b023a5b..89e502e 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/topology.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/topology.c
@@ -428,8 +428,10 @@ static void update_top_cache_domain(int cpu)

static void update_asym_cpucapacity(int cpu)
{
- if (lowest_flag_domain(cpu, SD_ASYM_CPUCAPACITY))
- static_branch_enable(&sched_asym_cpucapacity);
+ if (lowest_flag_domain(cpu, SD_ASYM_CPUCAPACITY)) {
+ /* This expects the hotplug lock to be held */
+ static_branch_enable_cpuslocked(&sched_asym_cpucapacity);
+ }
}

/*
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