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SubjectRe: [LSF/MM TOPIC NOTES] x86 ZONE_DMA love
On Fri, Apr 27, 2018 at 04:14:56PM +0000, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> But curious, on a standard qemu x86_x64 KVM guest, which of the
> drivers do we know for certain *are* being used from the ones
> listed?

On a KVM guest probably none. But not all the world is relatively
sane and standardized VMs unfortunately.

> > But even more importantly
> > we have plenty driver using it through dma_alloc_* and a small DMA
> > mask, and they are in use
>
> Do we have a list of users for x86 with a small DMA mask?
> Or, given that I'm not aware of a tool to be able to look
> for this in an easy way, would it be good to find out which
> x86 drivers do have a small mask?

Basically you'll have to grep for calls to dma_set_mask/
dma_set_coherent_mask/dma_set_mask_and_coherent and their pci_*
wrappers with masks smaller 32-bit. Some use numeric values,
some use DMA_BIT_MASK and various places uses local variables
or struct members to parse them, so finding them will be a bit
more work. Nothing a coccinell expert couldn't solve, though :)

> > - we actually had a 4.16 regression due to them.
>
> Ah what commit was the culprit? Is that fixed already? If so what
> commit?

66bdb147 ("swiotlb: Use dma_direct_supported() for swiotlb_ops")

> > > SCSI is *severely* affected:
> >
> > Not really. We have unchecked_isa_dma to support about 4 drivers,
>
> Ah very neat:
>
> * CONFIG_CHR_DEV_OSST - "SCSI OnStream SC-x0 tape support"
> * CONFIG_SCSI_ADVANSYS - "AdvanSys SCSI support"
> * CONFIG_SCSI_AHA1542 - "Adaptec AHA1542 support"
> * CONFIG_SCSI_ESAS2R - "ATTO Technology's ExpressSAS RAID adapter driver"
>
> > and less than a hand ful of drivers doing stupid things, which can
> > be fixed easily, and just need a volunteer.
>
> Care to list what needs to be done? Can an eager beaver student do it?

Drop the drivers, as in my branch I prepared a while ago would be
easiest:

http://git.infradead.org/users/hch/misc.git/shortlog/refs/heads/unchecked_isa_dma

But unlike the other few aha1542 actually seems to have active users,
or at least had recently. I'll need to send this out as a RFC, but
don't really expect it to fly.

If it doesn't we'll need to enhance swiotlb to support a ISA DMA pool
in addition to current 32-bit DMA pool, and also convert aha1542 to
use the DMA API. Not really student material.

> > > That's the end of the review of all current explicit callers on x86.
> > >
> > > # dma_alloc_coherent_gfp_flags() and dma_generic_alloc_coherent()
> > >
> > > dma_alloc_coherent_gfp_flags() and dma_generic_alloc_coherent() set
> > > GFP_DMA if if (dma_mask <= DMA_BIT_MASK(24))
> >
> > All that code is long gone and replaced with dma-direct. Which still
> > uses GFP_DMA based on the dma mask, though - see above.
>
> And that's mostly IOMMU code, on the alloc() dma_map_ops.

It is the dma mapping API, which translates the dma mask to the right
zone, and probably is the biggest user of ZONE_DMA in modern systems.

Currently there are still various arch and iommu specific
implementations of the allocator decisions, but I'm working to
consolidate them into common code.

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