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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 2/2] usb: dwc3: support clocks and resets for DWC3 core
(adding Yixun from Amlogic to this mail)

On Sat, Apr 28, 2018 at 4:41 AM, Masahiro Yamada
<yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> wrote:
> Hi Martin,
>
>
> 2018-04-24 2:44 GMT+09:00 Martin Blumenstingl
> <martin.blumenstingl@googlemail.com>:
>> Hello,
>>
>> On Thu, Apr 19, 2018 at 1:03 PM, Masahiro Yamada
>> <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> wrote:
>>> Historically, the clocks and resets are handled on the glue layer
>>> side instead of the DWC3 core. For simple cases, dwc3-of-simple.c
>>> takes care of arbitrary number of clocks and resets. The DT node
>>> structure typically looks like as follows:
>>>
>>> dwc3-glue {
>>> compatible = "foo,dwc3";
>>> clocks = ...;
>>> resets = ...;
>>> ...
>>>
>>> dwc3 {
>>> compatible = "snps,dwc3";
>>> ...
>>> };
>>> }
>>>
>>> By supporting the clocks and the reset in the dwc3/core.c, it will
>>> be turned into a single node:
>>>
>>> dwc3 {
>>> compatible = "foo,dwc3", "snps,dwc3";
>>> clocks = ...;
>>> resets = ...;
>>> ...
>>> }
>>>
>>> This commit adds the binding of clocks and resets specific to this IP.
>>> The number of clocks should generally be the same across SoCs, it is
>>> just some SoCs either tie clocks together or do not provide software
>>> control of some of the clocks.
>>>
>>> I took the clock names from the Synopsys datasheet: "ref" (ref_clk),
>>> "bus_early" (bus_clk_early), and "suspend" (suspend_clk).
>> looking at the code: this could mean that dwc3-exynos.c can be removed
>> mid-term (assuming the PHY and regulator handling can be
>> moved/removed/changed)
>>
>> does the datasheet state anything about the clock speeds? from
>> Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/dwc3-xilinx.txt:
>> "bus_clk" Master/Core clock, have to be >= 125 MHz for SS operation
>> and >= 60MHz for HS operation
>>
>>> I found only one reset line in the datasheet, hence the reset-names
>>> property is omitted.
>> does the datasheet state whether this is a level or a pulsed reset line?
>> on Amlogic Meson GXL, GXM and AXG SoCs we use a pulsed (and shared)
>> reset line (see ff0a632f08759e "usb: dwc3: of-simple: add support for
>> shared and pulsed reset lines") because the reset line is shared
>> between various components (USB2 PHY, USB3 PHY, dwc3 controller, ...)
>> your current approach (having a vendor-specific "foo,dwc3" binding
>> along with the generic "snps,dwc3") would allow having
>> per-"of_device_id" settings which could indicate whether the reset
>> lines are level or pulsed reset if these are "implementation specific"
>
> Let me ask a question about your reset controller.
> (drivers/reset/reset-meson.c)
>
> All reset ID supports .reset, .assert, .deassert
> Is this correct?
as far as I know: yes (though I have only ever verified this with the
Ethernet controller's reset line)

>
> I believe you and I use the same DWC3 core IP.
this is possible - but I am not sure since I don't have access to
Amlogic's internal resources where this should be documented (my
knowledge mostly comes from reading Amlogic's out-of-tree kernel code
and porting that to mainline)

>
> I suspect the difference is in the reset controller side.
>
> In my case, the reset line is asserted by default.
> (that is, all FFs in the RTL are put into the initial state
> on power-on)
> That's why only reset_deassert() will work for me, I think.
>
> What about your case? Is the reset line in deassert state on power-on?
> Then, the reset must be explicitly pulsed to put FFs into
> the initial state. Is this correct?
let me give you a bit of context first:
the Amlogic Meson AXG, GXL and GXM SoCs have one reset line for "USB
components". this is shared among:
- the dwc3 controller
- (depending on the SoC) 2 or 3 USB2 PHYs
- a USB3 PHY
- some OTG detection logic within the registers of the USB3 PHY

(there is also a gate clock which is assigned to the same components)

based on my tests I believe that the reset line is "de-asserted" (=
USB components are working) by default.
asserting that reset line should stop the state machine of all USB
components. de-asserting it again should bring all USB components into
a defined state.
(I'm not sure though if these are HW defaults or if there's some logic
in the bootrom / early stage [pre u-boot] bootloaders)

that said, the "reset" framework currently cannot handle level resets
with shared reset lines which are de-asserted by default.
to bring the USB components into a defined state I would have to use
reset_control_assert() first, then reset_control_deassert(). the reset
framework reports an error in this case: [0]
using a reset pulse however works in any case, the reset framework
ensures that it's only executed once for all shared reset lines (our
reset controller hardware probably asserts and de-asserts the reset
line internally - this is just speculation though)


Regards
Martin


[0] https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v4.17-rc2/source/drivers/reset/core.c#L317

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