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Subject[RFC v2 1/2] virtio: add pmem driver
Date
This patch adds virtio-pmem driver for KVM 
guest.

Guest reads the persistent memory range
information from Qemu over VIRTIO and registers
it on nvdimm_bus. It also creates a nd_region
object with the persistent memory range
information so that existing 'nvdimm/pmem'
driver can reserve this into system memory map.
This way 'virtio-pmem' driver uses existing
functionality of pmem driver to register persistent
memory compatible for DAX capable filesystems.

This also provides function to perform guest flush
over VIRTIO from 'pmem' driver when userspace
performs flush on DAX memory range.

Signed-off-by: Pankaj Gupta <pagupta@redhat.com>
---
drivers/virtio/Kconfig | 12 ++++
drivers/virtio/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/virtio/virtio_pmem.c | 118 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/libnvdimm.h | 4 ++
include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h | 1 +
include/uapi/linux/virtio_pmem.h | 58 +++++++++++++++++++
6 files changed, 194 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/virtio/virtio_pmem.c
create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/virtio_pmem.h

diff --git a/drivers/virtio/Kconfig b/drivers/virtio/Kconfig
index 3589764..879335d 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/virtio/Kconfig
@@ -42,6 +42,18 @@ config VIRTIO_PCI_LEGACY

If unsure, say Y.

+config VIRTIO_PMEM
+ tristate "Virtio pmem driver"
+ depends on VIRTIO
+ help
+ This driver adds persistent memory range to nd_region and registers
+ with nvdimm bus. NVDIMM 'pmem' driver later allocates a persistent
+ memory range on the memory information added by this driver. In addition
+ to this, 'virtio-pmem' driver also provides a paravirt flushing interface
+ from guest to host.
+
+ If unsure, say M.
+
config VIRTIO_BALLOON
tristate "Virtio balloon driver"
depends on VIRTIO
diff --git a/drivers/virtio/Makefile b/drivers/virtio/Makefile
index 3a2b5c5..cbe91c6 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/virtio/Makefile
@@ -6,3 +6,4 @@ virtio_pci-y := virtio_pci_modern.o virtio_pci_common.o
virtio_pci-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_PCI_LEGACY) += virtio_pci_legacy.o
obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_BALLOON) += virtio_balloon.o
obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_INPUT) += virtio_input.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_PMEM) += virtio_pmem.o
diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_pmem.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_pmem.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0906d2d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_pmem.c
@@ -0,0 +1,118 @@
+/* Virtio pmem Driver
+ *
+ * Discovers persitent memory range information
+ * from host and provides a virtio based flushing
+ * interface.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/virtio.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/oom.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
+#include <linux/magic.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_pmem.h>
+#include <linux/libnvdimm.h>
+
+static int init_vq(struct virtio_pmem *vpmem)
+{
+ struct virtqueue *vq;
+
+ /* single vq */
+ vpmem->req_vq = vq = virtio_find_single_vq(vpmem->vdev,
+ NULL, "flush_queue");
+
+ if (IS_ERR(vq))
+ return PTR_ERR(vq);
+
+ return 0;
+};
+
+static int virtio_pmem_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+ int err = 0;
+ struct resource res;
+ struct virtio_pmem *vpmem;
+ struct nvdimm_bus *nvdimm_bus;
+ struct nd_region_desc ndr_desc;
+ int nid = dev_to_node(&vdev->dev);
+ static struct nvdimm_bus_descriptor nd_desc;
+
+ if (!vdev->config->get) {
+ dev_err(&vdev->dev, "%s failure: config disabled\n",
+ __func__);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ vdev->priv = vpmem = devm_kzalloc(&vdev->dev, sizeof(*vpmem),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!vpmem) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ vpmem->vdev = vdev;
+ err = init_vq(vpmem);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+
+ virtio_cread(vpmem->vdev, struct virtio_pmem_config,
+ start, &vpmem->start);
+ virtio_cread(vpmem->vdev, struct virtio_pmem_config,
+ size, &vpmem->size);
+
+ res.start = vpmem->start;
+ res.end = vpmem->start + vpmem->size-1;
+
+ memset(&nd_desc, 0, sizeof(nd_desc));
+ nd_desc.provider_name = "virtio-pmem";
+ nd_desc.module = THIS_MODULE;
+ nvdimm_bus = nvdimm_bus_register(&vdev->dev, &nd_desc);
+
+ if (!nvdimm_bus)
+ goto out_nd;
+ dev_set_drvdata(&vdev->dev, nvdimm_bus);
+
+ memset(&ndr_desc, 0, sizeof(ndr_desc));
+ ndr_desc.res = &res;
+ ndr_desc.numa_node = nid;
+ set_bit(ND_REGION_PAGEMAP, &ndr_desc.flags);
+ set_bit(ND_REGION_VIRTIO, &ndr_desc.flags);
+
+ if (!nvdimm_pmem_region_create(nvdimm_bus, &ndr_desc))
+ goto out_nd;
+
+ virtio_device_ready(vdev);
+ return 0;
+
+out_nd:
+ nvdimm_bus_unregister(nvdimm_bus);
+out:
+ dev_err(&vdev->dev, "failed to register virtio pmem memory\n");
+ vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
+ return err;
+}
+
+static void virtio_pmem_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+ struct nvdimm_bus *nvdimm_bus = dev_get_drvdata(&vdev->dev);
+
+ nvdimm_bus_unregister(nvdimm_bus);
+ vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
+}
+
+static struct virtio_driver virtio_pmem_driver = {
+ .driver.name = KBUILD_MODNAME,
+ .driver.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .id_table = id_table,
+ .probe = virtio_pmem_probe,
+ .remove = virtio_pmem_remove,
+};
+
+module_virtio_driver(virtio_pmem_driver);
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(virtio, id_table);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Virtio pmem driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
diff --git a/include/linux/libnvdimm.h b/include/linux/libnvdimm.h
index 097072c..b1b7f14 100644
--- a/include/linux/libnvdimm.h
+++ b/include/linux/libnvdimm.h
@@ -58,6 +58,10 @@ enum {
* (ADR)
*/
ND_REGION_PERSIST_MEMCTRL = 2,
+ /*
+ * region flag indicating to use VIRTIO flush interface for pmem
+ */
+ ND_REGION_VIRTIO = 3,

/* mark newly adjusted resources as requiring a label update */
DPA_RESOURCE_ADJUSTED = 1 << 0,
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h
index 6d5c3b2..5ebd049 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h
@@ -43,5 +43,6 @@
#define VIRTIO_ID_INPUT 18 /* virtio input */
#define VIRTIO_ID_VSOCK 19 /* virtio vsock transport */
#define VIRTIO_ID_CRYPTO 20 /* virtio crypto */
+#define VIRTIO_ID_PMEM 21 /* virtio pmem */

#endif /* _LINUX_VIRTIO_IDS_H */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_pmem.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_pmem.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2ec27cb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_pmem.h
@@ -0,0 +1,58 @@
+/* Virtio pmem Driver
+ *
+ * Discovers persitent memory range information
+ * from host and provides a virtio based flushing
+ * interface.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_PMEM_H
+#define _LINUX_VIRTIO_PMEM_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_types.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_ids.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_config.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_ring.h>
+
+
+struct virtio_pmem_config {
+
+ uint64_t start;
+ uint64_t size;
+};
+
+struct virtio_pmem {
+
+ struct virtio_device *vdev;
+ struct virtqueue *req_vq;
+
+ uint64_t start;
+ uint64_t size;
+} __packed;
+
+static struct virtio_device_id id_table[] = {
+ { VIRTIO_ID_PMEM, VIRTIO_DEV_ANY_ID },
+ { 0 },
+};
+
+void virtio_pmem_flush(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct scatterlist sg;
+ struct virtio_device *vdev = dev_to_virtio(dev->parent->parent);
+ struct virtio_pmem *vpmem = vdev->priv;
+ char *buf = "FLUSH";
+ int err;
+
+ sg_init_one(&sg, buf, sizeof(buf));
+
+ err = virtqueue_add_outbuf(vpmem->req_vq, &sg, 1, buf, GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ if (err) {
+ dev_err(&vdev->dev, "failed to send command to virtio pmem device\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ virtqueue_kick(vpmem->req_vq);
+};
+
+#endif
--
2.9.3
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