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Subject[PATCH net-next 1/2] tcp: add TCP_ZEROCOPY_RECEIVE support for zerocopy receive
Date
When adding tcp mmap() implementation, I forgot that socket lock
had to be taken before current->mm->mmap_sem. syzbot eventually caught
the bug.

Since we can not lock the socket in tcp mmap() handler we have to
split the operation in two phases.

1) mmap() on a tcp socket simply reserves VMA space, and nothing else.
This operation does not involve any TCP locking.

2) setsockopt(fd, IPPROTO_TCP, TCP_ZEROCOPY_RECEIVE, ...) implements
the transfert of pages from skbs to one VMA.
This operation only uses down_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem) after
holding TCP lock, thus solving the lockdep issue.

This new implementation was suggested by Andy Lutomirski with great details.

Benefits are :

- Better scalability, in case multiple threads reuse VMAS
(without mmap()/munmap() calls) since mmap_sem wont be write locked.

- Better error recovery.
The previous mmap() model had to provide the expected size of the
mapping. If for some reason one part could not be mapped (partial MSS),
the whole operation had to be aborted.
With the tcp_zerocopy_receive struct, kernel can report how
many bytes were successfuly mapped, and how many bytes should
be read to skip the problematic sequence.

- No more memory allocation to hold an array of page pointers.
16 MB mappings needed 32 KB for this array, potentially using vmalloc() :/

- skbs are freed while mmap_sem has been released

Following patch makes the change in tcp_mmap tool to demonstrate
one possible use of mmap() and setsockopt(... TCP_ZEROCOPY_RECEIVE ...)

Note that memcg might require additional changes.

Fixes: 93ab6cc69162 ("tcp: implement mmap() for zero copy receive")
Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>
Reported-by: syzbot <syzkaller@googlegroups.com>
Suggested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Cc: Soheil Hassas Yeganeh <soheil@google.com>
---
include/uapi/linux/tcp.h | 8 ++
net/ipv4/tcp.c | 186 ++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
2 files changed, 103 insertions(+), 91 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/tcp.h b/include/uapi/linux/tcp.h
index 379b08700a542d49bbce9b4b49b17879d00b69bb..e9e8373b34b9ddc735329341b91f455bf5c0b17c 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/tcp.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/tcp.h
@@ -122,6 +122,7 @@ enum {
#define TCP_MD5SIG_EXT 32 /* TCP MD5 Signature with extensions */
#define TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY 33 /* Set the key for Fast Open (cookie) */
#define TCP_FASTOPEN_NO_COOKIE 34 /* Enable TFO without a TFO cookie */
+#define TCP_ZEROCOPY_RECEIVE 35

struct tcp_repair_opt {
__u32 opt_code;
@@ -276,4 +277,11 @@ struct tcp_diag_md5sig {
__u8 tcpm_key[TCP_MD5SIG_MAXKEYLEN];
};

+/* setsockopt(fd, IPPROTO_TCP, TCP_ZEROCOPY_RECEIVE, ...) */
+
+struct tcp_zerocopy_receive {
+ __u64 address; /* in: address of mapping */
+ __u32 length; /* in/out: number of bytes to map/mapped */
+ __u32 recv_skip_hint; /* out: amount of bytes to skip */
+};
#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_TCP_H */
diff --git a/net/ipv4/tcp.c b/net/ipv4/tcp.c
index dfd090ea54ad47112fc23c61180b5bf8edd2c736..a28eca97df9465a0aa522a1833a171b53c237b1f 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/tcp.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/tcp.c
@@ -1726,118 +1726,108 @@ int tcp_set_rcvlowat(struct sock *sk, int val)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcp_set_rcvlowat);

-/* When user wants to mmap X pages, we first need to perform the mapping
- * before freeing any skbs in receive queue, otherwise user would be unable
- * to fallback to standard recvmsg(). This happens if some data in the
- * requested block is not exactly fitting in a page.
- *
- * We only support order-0 pages for the moment.
- * mmap() on TCP is very strict, there is no point
- * trying to accommodate with pathological layouts.
- */
+static const struct vm_operations_struct tcp_vm_ops = {
+};
+
int tcp_mmap(struct file *file, struct socket *sock,
struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
- unsigned long size = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
- unsigned int nr_pages = size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
- struct page **pages_array = NULL;
- u32 seq, len, offset, nr = 0;
- struct sock *sk = sock->sk;
- const skb_frag_t *frags;
+ if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC))
+ return -EPERM;
+ vma->vm_flags &= ~(VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC);
+
+ /* Instruct vm_insert_page() to not down_read(mmap_sem) */
+ vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP;
+
+ vma->vm_ops = &tcp_vm_ops;
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcp_mmap);
+
+static int tcp_zerocopy_receive(struct sock *sk,
+ struct tcp_zerocopy_receive *zc)
+{
+ unsigned long address = (unsigned long)zc->address;
+ const skb_frag_t *frags = NULL;
+ u32 length = 0, seq, offset;
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+ struct sk_buff *skb = NULL;
struct tcp_sock *tp;
- struct sk_buff *skb;
int ret;

- if (vma->vm_pgoff || !nr_pages)
+ if (address & (PAGE_SIZE - 1) || address != zc->address)
return -EINVAL;

- if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
- return -EPERM;
- /* TODO: Maybe the following is not needed if pages are COW */
- vma->vm_flags &= ~VM_MAYWRITE;
-
- lock_sock(sk);
-
- ret = -ENOTCONN;
if (sk->sk_state == TCP_LISTEN)
- goto out;
+ return -ENOTCONN;

sock_rps_record_flow(sk);

- if (tcp_inq(sk) < size) {
- ret = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_DONE) ? -EIO : -EAGAIN;
+ down_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ vma = find_vma(current->mm, address);
+ if (!vma || vma->vm_start > address || vma->vm_ops != &tcp_vm_ops)
goto out;
- }
+ zc->length = min_t(unsigned long, zc->length, vma->vm_end - address);
+
tp = tcp_sk(sk);
seq = tp->copied_seq;
- /* Abort if urgent data is in the area */
- if (unlikely(tp->urg_data)) {
- u32 urg_offset = tp->urg_seq - seq;
+ zc->length = min_t(u32, zc->length, tcp_inq(sk));

- ret = -EINVAL;
- if (urg_offset < size)
- goto out;
- }
- ret = -ENOMEM;
- pages_array = kvmalloc_array(nr_pages, sizeof(struct page *),
- GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!pages_array)
- goto out;
- skb = tcp_recv_skb(sk, seq, &offset);
- ret = -EINVAL;
-skb_start:
- /* We do not support anything not in page frags */
- offset -= skb_headlen(skb);
- if ((int)offset < 0)
- goto out;
- if (skb_has_frag_list(skb))
- goto out;
- len = skb->data_len - offset;
- frags = skb_shinfo(skb)->frags;
- while (offset) {
- if (frags->size > offset)
- goto out;
- offset -= frags->size;
- frags++;
- }
- while (nr < nr_pages) {
- if (len) {
- if (len < PAGE_SIZE)
- goto out;
- if (frags->size != PAGE_SIZE || frags->page_offset)
- goto out;
- pages_array[nr++] = skb_frag_page(frags);
- frags++;
- len -= PAGE_SIZE;
- seq += PAGE_SIZE;
- continue;
- }
- skb = skb->next;
- offset = seq - TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq;
- goto skb_start;
- }
- /* OK, we have a full set of pages ready to be inserted into vma */
- for (nr = 0; nr < nr_pages; nr++) {
- ret = vm_insert_page(vma, vma->vm_start + (nr << PAGE_SHIFT),
- pages_array[nr]);
- if (ret)
- goto out;
- }
- /* operation is complete, we can 'consume' all skbs */
- tp->copied_seq = seq;
- tcp_rcv_space_adjust(sk);
-
- /* Clean up data we have read: This will do ACK frames. */
- tcp_recv_skb(sk, seq, &offset);
- tcp_cleanup_rbuf(sk, size);
+ zap_page_range(vma, address, zc->length);

+ zc->recv_skip_hint = 0;
ret = 0;
+ while (length + PAGE_SIZE <= zc->length) {
+ if (zc->recv_skip_hint < PAGE_SIZE) {
+ if (skb) {
+ skb = skb->next;
+ offset = seq - TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq;
+ } else {
+ skb = tcp_recv_skb(sk, seq, &offset);
+ }
+
+ zc->recv_skip_hint = skb->len - offset;
+ offset -= skb_headlen(skb);
+ if ((int)offset < 0 || skb_has_frag_list(skb))
+ break;
+ frags = skb_shinfo(skb)->frags;
+ while (offset) {
+ if (frags->size > offset)
+ goto out;
+ offset -= frags->size;
+ frags++;
+ }
+ }
+ if (frags->size != PAGE_SIZE || frags->page_offset)
+ break;
+ ret = vm_insert_page(vma, address + length,
+ skb_frag_page(frags));
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+ length += PAGE_SIZE;
+ seq += PAGE_SIZE;
+ zc->recv_skip_hint -= PAGE_SIZE;
+ frags++;
+ }
out:
- release_sock(sk);
- kvfree(pages_array);
+ up_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+ if (length) {
+ tp->copied_seq = seq;
+ tcp_rcv_space_adjust(sk);
+
+ /* Clean up data we have read: This will do ACK frames. */
+ tcp_recv_skb(sk, seq, &offset);
+ tcp_cleanup_rbuf(sk, length);
+ ret = 0;
+ } else {
+ if (!zc->recv_skip_hint && sock_flag(sk, SOCK_DONE))
+ ret = -EIO;
+ }
+ zc->length = length;
return ret;
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcp_mmap);

static void tcp_update_recv_tstamps(struct sk_buff *skb,
struct scm_timestamping *tss)
@@ -2738,6 +2728,20 @@ static int do_tcp_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level,

return tcp_fastopen_reset_cipher(net, sk, key, sizeof(key));
}
+ case TCP_ZEROCOPY_RECEIVE: {
+ struct tcp_zerocopy_receive zc;
+
+ if (optlen != sizeof(zc))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (copy_from_user(&zc, optval, optlen))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ lock_sock(sk);
+ err = tcp_zerocopy_receive(sk, &zc);
+ release_sock(sk);
+ if (!err && copy_to_user(optval, &zc, optlen))
+ err = -EFAULT;
+ return err;
+ }
default:
/* fallthru */
break;
--
2.17.0.484.g0c8726318c-goog
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