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Subject[patch V2 7/7] scripts: Add SPDX checker script
The SPDX-License-Identifiers are growing in the kernel and so grow
expression failures and license IDs are used which have no corresponding
license text file in the LICENSES directory.

Add a script which gathers information from the LICENSES directory,
i.e. the various tags in the licenses and exception files and then scans
either input from stdin, which it treats as a single file or if started
without arguments it scans the full kernel tree.

It checks whether the license expression syntax is correct and also
validates whether the license identifiers used in the expressions are
available in the LICENSES files.

# scripts/spdxcheck.py -h
usage: spdxcheck.py [-h] [-m MAXLINES] [-s] [-v]

SPDX expression checker

optional arguments:
-h, --help show this help message and exit
-m MAXLINES, --maxlines MAXLINES
Maximum number of lines to scan in a file. Default 15
-s, --stdin Read from stdin. If not set scan full git tree.
-v, --verbose Verbose statistics output


# scripts/spdxcheck.py -s <COPYING

# scripts/spdxcheck.py -s <include/dt-bindings/reset/amlogic,meson-axg-reset.h
include/dt-bindings/reset/amlogic,meson-axg-reset.h: 9:41 Invalid License ID: BSD

# scripts/spdxcheck.py
arch/arm/mach-s3c24xx/h1940-bluetooth.c: 1:28 Invalid License ID: GPL-1.0
arch/x86/kernel/jailhouse.c: 1:28 Invalid License ID: GPL2.0
drivers/pinctrl/sh-pfc/pfc-r8a77965.c: 1:28 Invalid License ID: GPL-2.
include/dt-bindings/reset/amlogic,meson-axg-reset.h: 9:41 Invalid License ID: BSD
arch/x86/include/asm/jailhouse_para.h: 1:28 Invalid License ID: GPL2.0

# time scripts/spdxcheck.py -v
arch/arm/mach-s3c24xx/h1940-bluetooth.c: 1:28 Invalid License ID: GPL-1.0
arch/x86/kernel/jailhouse.c: 1:28 Invalid License ID: GPL2.0
drivers/pinctrl/sh-pfc/pfc-r8a77965.c: 1:28 Invalid License ID: GPL-2.
include/dt-bindings/reset/amlogic,meson-axg-reset.h: 9:41 Invalid License ID: BSD
arch/x86/include/asm/jailhouse_para.h: 1:28 Invalid License ID: GPL2.0

License files: 14
Exception files: 1
License IDs 19
Exception IDs 1

Files checked: 61332
Lines checked: 669181
Files with SPDX: 16169
Files with errors: 5

real 0m2.642s
user 0m2.231s
sys 0m0.467s

That's a full tree sweep on my laptop. Note, this runs single threaded.

It scans by default the first 15 lines for a SPDX identifier where the
current max inside a top comment is at line 10. But that's going to be
faster once the identifiers are all in the first two lines as documented.

The python wizards will surely know how to do that smarter and faster, but
its at least better than no tool at all.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
---
scripts/spdxcheck.py | 260 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 260 insertions(+)

--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/spdxcheck.py
@@ -0,0 +1,260 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env python
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL2.0
+# Copyright Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
+
+from argparse import ArgumentParser
+from ply import lex, yacc
+import traceback
+import sys
+import git
+import re
+import os
+
+class ParserException(Exception):
+ def __init__(self, tok, txt):
+ self.tok = tok
+ self.txt = txt
+
+class SPDXException(Exception):
+ def __init__(self, el, txt):
+ self.el = el
+ self.txt = txt
+
+class SPDXdata(object):
+ def __init__(self):
+ self.license_files = 0
+ self.exception_files = 0
+ self.licenses = [ ]
+ self.exceptions = { }
+
+# Read the spdx data from the LICENSES directory
+def read_spdxdata(repo):
+
+ # The subdirectories of LICENSES in the kernel source
+ license_dirs = [ "preferred", "other", "exceptions" ]
+ lictree = repo.heads.master.commit.tree['LICENSES']
+
+ spdx = SPDXdata()
+
+ for d in license_dirs:
+ for el in lictree[d].traverse():
+ if not os.path.isfile(el.path):
+ continue
+
+ exception = None
+ for l in open(el.path).readlines():
+ if l.startswith('Valid-License-Identifier:'):
+ lid = l.split(':')[1].strip().upper()
+ if lid in spdx.licenses:
+ raise SPDXException(el, 'Duplicate License Identifier: %s' %lid)
+ else:
+ spdx.licenses.append(lid)
+
+ elif l.startswith('SPDX-Exception-Identifier:'):
+ exception = l.split(':')[1].strip().upper()
+ spdx.exceptions[exception] = []
+
+ elif l.startswith('SPDX-Licenses:'):
+ for lic in l.split(':')[1].upper().strip().replace(' ', '').replace('\t', '').split(','):
+ if not lic in spdx.licenses:
+ raise SPDXException(None, 'Exception %s missing license %s' %(ex, lic))
+ spdx.exceptions[exception].append(lic)
+
+ elif l.startswith("License-Text:"):
+ if exception:
+ if not len(spdx.exceptions[exception]):
+ raise SPDXException(el, 'Exception %s is missing SPDX-Licenses' %excid)
+ spdx.exception_files += 1
+ else:
+ spdx.license_files += 1
+ break
+ return spdx
+
+class id_parser(object):
+
+ reserved = [ 'AND', 'OR', 'WITH' ]
+ tokens = [ 'LPAR', 'RPAR', 'ID', 'EXC' ] + reserved
+
+ precedence = ( ('nonassoc', 'AND', 'OR'), )
+
+ t_ignore = ' \t'
+
+ def __init__(self, spdx):
+ self.spdx = spdx
+ self.lasttok = None
+ self.lastid = None
+ self.lexer = lex.lex(module = self, reflags = re.UNICODE)
+ # Initialize the parser. No debug file and no parser rules stored on disk
+ # The rules are small enough to be generated on the fly
+ self.parser = yacc.yacc(module = self, write_tables = False, debug = False)
+ self.lines_checked = 0
+ self.checked = 0
+ self.spdx_valid = 0
+ self.spdx_errors = 0
+ self.curline = 0
+ self.deepest = 0
+
+ # Validate License and Exception IDs
+ def validate(self, tok):
+ id = tok.value.upper()
+ if tok.type == 'ID':
+ if not id in self.spdx.licenses:
+ raise ParserException(tok, 'Invalid License ID')
+ self.lastid = id
+ elif tok.type == 'EXC':
+ if not self.spdx.exceptions.has_key(id):
+ raise ParserException(tok, 'Invalid Exception ID')
+ if self.lastid not in self.spdx.exceptions[id]:
+ raise ParserException(tok, 'Exception not valid for license %s' %self.lastid)
+ self.lastid = None
+ elif tok.type != 'WITH':
+ self.lastid = None
+
+ # Lexer functions
+ def t_RPAR(self, tok):
+ r'\)'
+ self.lasttok = tok.type
+ return tok
+
+ def t_LPAR(self, tok):
+ r'\('
+ self.lasttok = tok.type
+ return tok
+
+ def t_ID(self, tok):
+ r'[A-Za-z.0-9\-+]+'
+
+ if self.lasttok == 'EXC':
+ print(tok)
+ raise ParserException(tok, 'Missing parentheses')
+
+ tok.value = tok.value.strip()
+ val = tok.value.upper()
+
+ if val in self.reserved:
+ tok.type = val
+ elif self.lasttok == 'WITH':
+ tok.type = 'EXC'
+
+ self.lasttok = tok.type
+ self.validate(tok)
+ return tok
+
+ def t_error(self, tok):
+ raise ParserException(tok, 'Invalid token')
+
+ def p_expr(self, p):
+ '''expr : ID
+ | ID WITH EXC
+ | expr AND expr
+ | expr OR expr
+ | LPAR expr RPAR'''
+ pass
+
+ def p_error(self, p):
+ if not p:
+ raise ParserException(None, 'Unfinished license expression')
+ else:
+ raise ParserException(p, 'Syntax error')
+
+ def parse(self, expr):
+ self.lasttok = None
+ self.lastid = None
+ self.parser.parse(expr, lexer = self.lexer)
+
+ def parse_lines(self, fd, maxlines, fname):
+ self.checked += 1
+ self.curline = 0
+ try:
+ for line in fd:
+ self.curline += 1
+ if self.curline > maxlines:
+ break
+ self.lines_checked += 1
+ if line.find("SPDX-License-Identifier:") < 0:
+ continue
+ expr = line.split(':')[1].replace('*/', '').strip()
+ self.parse(expr)
+ self.spdx_valid += 1
+ #
+ # Should we check for more SPDX ids in the same file and
+ # complain if there are any?
+ #
+ break
+
+ except ParserException as pe:
+ if pe.tok:
+ col = line.find(expr) + pe.tok.lexpos
+ tok = pe.tok.value
+ sys.stdout.write('%s: %d:%d %s: %s\n' %(fname, self.curline, col, pe.txt, tok))
+ else:
+ sys.stdout.write('%s: %d:0 %s\n' %(fname, self.curline, col, pe.txt))
+ self.spdx_errors += 1
+
+if __name__ == '__main__':
+
+ ap = ArgumentParser(description='SPDX expression checker')
+ ap.add_argument('-m', '--maxlines', type=int, default=15,
+ help='Maximum number of lines to scan in a file. Default 15')
+ ap.add_argument('-s', '--stdin', action='store_true', help='Read from stdin. If not set scan full git tree.')
+ ap.add_argument('-v', '--verbose', action='store_true', help='Verbose statistics output')
+ args = ap.parse_args()
+
+ try:
+ # Use git to get the valid license expressions
+ repo = git.Repo(os.getcwd())
+ assert not repo.bare
+
+ # Initialize SPDX data
+ spdx = read_spdxdata(repo)
+
+ # Initilize the parser
+ parser = id_parser(spdx)
+
+ except SPDXException as se:
+ if se.el:
+ sys.stderr.write('%s: %s\n' %(se.el.path, se.txt))
+ else:
+ sys.stderr.write('%s\n' %se.txt)
+ sys.exit(1)
+
+ except Exception as ex:
+ sys.stderr.write('FAIL: %s\n' %ex)
+ sys.stderr.write('%s\n' %traceback.format_exc())
+ sys.exit(1)
+
+ try:
+ if args.stdin:
+ parser.parse_lines(sys.stdin, args.maxlines, '-')
+ else:
+ for el in repo.heads.master.commit.tree.traverse():
+ # Exclude stuff which would make pointless noise
+ # FIXME: Put this somewhere more sensible
+ if el.path.startswith("LICENSES"):
+ continue
+ if el.path.find("license-rules.rst") >= 0:
+ continue
+ if el.path == 'scripts/checkpatch.pl':
+ continue
+ if not os.path.isfile(el.path):
+ continue
+ parser.parse_lines(open(el.path), args.maxlines, el.path)
+
+ if args.verbose:
+ sys.stderr.write('\n')
+ sys.stderr.write('License files: %12d\n' %spdx.license_files)
+ sys.stderr.write('Exception files: %12d\n' %spdx.exception_files)
+ sys.stderr.write('License IDs %12d\n' %len(spdx.licenses))
+ sys.stderr.write('Exception IDs %12d\n' %len(spdx.exceptions))
+ sys.stderr.write('\n')
+ sys.stderr.write('Files checked: %12d\n' %parser.checked)
+ sys.stderr.write('Lines checked: %12d\n' %parser.lines_checked)
+ sys.stderr.write('Files with SPDX: %12d\n' %parser.spdx_valid)
+ sys.stderr.write('Files with errors: %12d\n' %parser.spdx_errors)
+
+ sys.exit(0)
+
+ except Exception as ex:
+ sys.stderr.write('FAIL: %s\n' %ex)
+ sys.stderr.write('%s\n' %traceback.format_exc())
+ sys.exit(1)

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