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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] efi: Add embedded peripheral firmware support
On Sat, Mar 31, 2018 at 02:19:44PM +0200, Hans de Goede wrote:
> Just like with PCI options ROMs, which we save in the setup_efi_pci*
> functions from arch/x86/boot/compressed/eboot.c, the EFI code / ROM itself
> sometimes may contain data which is useful/necessary for peripheral drivers
> to have access to.
>
> Specifically the EFI code may contain an embedded copy of firmware which
> needs to be (re)loaded into the peripheral. Normally such firmware would be
> part of linux-firmware, but in some cases this is not feasible, for 2
> reasons:
>
> 1) The firmware is customized for a specific use-case of the chipset / use
> with a specific hardware model, so we cannot have a single firmware file
> for the chipset. E.g. touchscreen controller firmwares are compiled
> specifically for the hardware model they are used with, as they are
> calibrated for a specific model digitizer.

Some devices have OTP and use this sort of calibration data, I was unaware of
the use of EFI to stash firmware. Good to know, but can you also provide
references to what part of what standard should be followed for it in
documentation?

> 2) Despite repeated attempts we have failed to get permission to
> redistribute the firmware. This is especially a problem with customized
> firmwares, these get created by the chip vendor for a specific ODM and the
> copyright may partially belong with the ODM, so the chip vendor cannot
> give a blanket permission to distribute these.
>
> This commit adds support for finding peripheral firmware embedded in the
> EFI code and making this available to peripheral drivers through the
> standard firmware loading mechanism.

Neat.

> Note we check the EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_CODE for embedded firmware pretty
> late in the init sequence,

This also creates a technical limitation on use for the API that users
should be aware of. Its important to document such limitation.

Also if we can address the limitation that would be even better.

For instance, on what part of the driver is the call to request firmware
being made? Note that we support async probe now, so if the call was done
on probe, it may be wise to use async probe, however, can we be *certain*
that the EFI firmware would have been parsed and ready by then? Please
check. It just may be the case.

Or, if we use late_initcall() would that suffice on the driver, if they
used a request firmware call on init or probe?

> this is on purpose because the typical
> EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_CODE memory-segment is too large for early_memremap().

To be clear you neede to use memremap()

What mechanism would have in place to ensure that a driver which expects
firmware to be on EFI data to be already available prior to its driver's
call to initialize?

You seem to say its this consumes about about 25 MiB now, and for now you
have made this a debug thing only? How have these size requirements changed
over time? Has EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_CODE grown over time? How much? Do we
expect it will blow up later?

> This means we rely on the EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_CODE not being free-ed until
> efi_free_boot_services() is called, which means that this will only work
> on x86, if we ever want this on ARM we should make ARM delay the freeing
> of the EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_* memory-segments too.

Why not do that as well with your patch?

> Note this commit also modifies efi_mem_desc_lookup() to not skip
> EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_CODE memory-segments, so that efi_mem_reserve() works
> on such segments.
>
> Reported-by: Dave Olsthoorn <dave@bewaar.me>
> Suggested-by: Peter Jones <pjones@redhat.com>
> Signed-off-by: Hans de Goede <hdegoede@redhat.com>
> ---
> drivers/base/firmware_class.c | 29 +++
> drivers/firmware/efi/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c | 1 +
> drivers/firmware/efi/embedded-firmware.c | 232 +++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/efi.h | 2 +
> init/main.c | 1 +
> 6 files changed, 266 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/firmware/efi/embedded-firmware.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/base/firmware_class.c b/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
> index 7dd36ace6152..b1e7b3de1975 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
> +++ b/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
> @@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
>
> #include <linux/capability.h>
> #include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/efi.h>
> #include <linux/module.h>
> #include <linux/init.h>
> #include <linux/timer.h>
> @@ -1207,6 +1208,32 @@ static inline void unregister_sysfs_loader(void)
>
> #endif /* CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER */
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_EFI
> +static int
> +fw_get_efi_embedded_fw(struct device *dev, struct fw_priv *fw_priv, int ret)
> +{
> + size_t size;
> + int rc;
> +
> + rc = efi_get_embedded_fw(fw_priv->fw_name, &fw_priv->data, &size,
> + fw_priv->data ? fw_priv->allocated_size : 0);
> + if (rc == 0) {
> + dev_dbg(dev, "using efi-embedded fw %s\n", fw_priv->fw_name);
> + fw_priv->size = size;
> + fw_state_done(fw_priv);
> + ret = 0;
> + }
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +#else
> +static inline int
> +fw_get_efi_embedded_fw(struct device *dev, struct fw_priv *fw_priv, int ret)
> +{
> + return ret;
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> /* prepare firmware and firmware_buf structs;
> * return 0 if a firmware is already assigned, 1 if need to load one,
> * or a negative error code
> @@ -1296,6 +1323,8 @@ _request_firmware(const struct firmware **firmware_p, const char *name,
> goto out;
>
> ret = fw_get_filesystem_firmware(device, fw->priv);
> + if (ret)
> + ret = fw_get_efi_embedded_fw(device, fw->priv, ret);

This EFI firmware lookup is being used as a fallback mechanism, for *all*
requests. That's pretty aggressive and I'd like a bit more justification
for that approach.

For instance, if its just a few drivers that really can use this, can't we just
add anew API call, say firmware_request_efi(), then add an internal flag for
this type of lookup and then this fallback mechanism would *only* be used for
those drivers.

BTW please use linux-next to base your changes as a lot of things have changed
on the firmware API code, on queue on its way for v4.17-rc1. Please be sure
to also extend the documentation on Documentation/driver-api/firmware/
respectively.

> if (ret) {
> if (!(opt_flags & FW_OPT_NO_WARN))
> dev_warn(device,
> diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/Makefile b/drivers/firmware/efi/Makefile
> index cb805374f4bc..cb946f7d0181 100644
> --- a/drivers/firmware/efi/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/Makefile
> @@ -13,6 +13,7 @@ KASAN_SANITIZE_runtime-wrappers.o := n
> obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_BGRT) += efi-bgrt.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_EFI) += efi.o vars.o reboot.o memattr.o tpm.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_EFI) += capsule.o memmap.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_EFI) += embedded-firmware.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_EFI_VARS) += efivars.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_EFI_ESRT) += esrt.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_EFI_VARS_PSTORE) += efi-pstore.o
> diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c b/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c
> index fddc5f706fd2..1a5ea950f58f 100644
> --- a/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c
> +++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c
> @@ -455,6 +455,7 @@ int __init efi_mem_desc_lookup(u64 phys_addr, efi_memory_desc_t *out_md)
> u64 end;
>
> if (!(md->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME) &&
> + md->type != EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_CODE &&
> md->type != EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_DATA &&
> md->type != EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES_DATA) {
> continue;
> diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/embedded-firmware.c b/drivers/firmware/efi/embedded-firmware.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..80848f332b22
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/embedded-firmware.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,232 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * Support for extracting embedded firmware for peripherals from EFI code,
> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2018 Hans de Goede <hdegoede@redhat.com>
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/crc32.h>
> +#include <linux/dmi.h>
> +#include <linux/efi.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +
> +/* Sofar there are no machines with more then 1 interesting embedded firmware */
> +#define MAX_EMBEDDED_FIRMWARES 1
> +
> +struct embedded_fw_desc {
> + const char *name;
> + u8 prefix[8];
> + u32 length;
> + u32 crc;
> +};
> +
> +struct embedded_fw {
> + const char *name;
> + void *data;
> + size_t length;
> +};
> +
> +static struct embedded_fw found_fw[MAX_EMBEDDED_FIRMWARES];

This is just saving a few bytes, and is still pretty inflexible.
If were going to support this, this is a rather inflexible way to
support this. I'd prefer we link list this. This way if we support,
its an empty list and grows depending on what we find.

I don't see the benefit of a static array here in any way.

> +static int found_fw_count;
> +
> +static struct embedded_fw_desc chuwi_vi8_plus_fw[] __initdata = {
> + {
> + .name = "chipone/icn8318-HAMP0002.fw",
> + .prefix = { 0xb0, 0x07, 0x00, 0x00, 0xe4, 0x07, 0x00, 0x00 },
> + .length = 35012,
> + .crc = 0x74dfd3fc,
> + },
> + {}
> +};
> +
> +static struct embedded_fw_desc chuwi_hi8_pro_fw[] __initdata = {
> + {
> + .name = "silead/gsl3680-chuwi-hi8-pro.fw",
> + .prefix = { 0xf0, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00 },
> + .length = 39864,
> + .crc = 0xfe2bedba,
> + },
> + {}
> +};
> +
> +static struct embedded_fw_desc cube_iwork8_air_fw[] __initdata = {
> + {
> + .name = "silead/gsl3670-cube-iwork8-air.fw",
> + .prefix = { 0xf0, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00 },
> + .length = 38808,
> + .crc = 0xfecde51f,
> + },
> + {}
> +};
> +
> +static struct embedded_fw_desc pipo_w2s_fw[] __initdata = {
> + {
> + .name = "silead/gsl1680-pipo-w2s.fw",
> + .prefix = { 0xf0, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00 },
> + .length = 39072,
> + .crc = 0x28d5dc6c,
> + },
> + {}
> +};
> +
> +static struct dmi_system_id embedded_fw_table[] __initdata = {
> + {
> + /* Chuwi Vi8 Plus (CWI506) */
> + .driver_data = (void *)chuwi_vi8_plus_fw,
> + .matches = {
> + DMI_MATCH(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "Hampoo"),
> + DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "D2D3_Vi8A1"),
> + DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "Cherry Trail CR"),
> + },
> + },
> + {
> + /* Chuwi Hi8 Pro (CWI513) */
> + .driver_data = (void *)chuwi_hi8_pro_fw,
> + .matches = {
> + DMI_MATCH(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "Hampoo"),
> + DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "X1D3_C806N"),
> + },
> + },
> + {
> + /* Cube iWork8 Air */
> + .driver_data = (void *)cube_iwork8_air_fw,
> + .matches = {
> + DMI_MATCH(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "cube"),
> + DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "i1-TF"),
> + DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "Cherry Trail CR"),
> + },
> + },
> + {
> + /* Pipo W2s */
> + .driver_data = (void *)pipo_w2s_fw,
> + .matches = {
> + DMI_MATCH(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "PIPO"),
> + DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "W2S"),
> + },
> + },
> + {}
> +};

Maintaining these on a separate file might be easier to maintain.

> +
> +/*
> + * Note the efi_check_for_embedded_firmwares() code currently makes the
> + * following 2 assumptions. This may needs to be revisited if embedded firmware
> + * is found where this is not true:
> + * 1) The firmware is only found in EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_CODE memory segments
> + * 2) The firmware always starts at an offset which is a multiple of 8 bytes

Who's defining this? Is this an agreed upon thing between a few companies, or
is this written as part of a standard which we can refer to in documentation.

> + */
> +static int __init efi_check_md_for_embedded_firmware(
> + efi_memory_desc_t *md, const struct embedded_fw_desc *desc)
> +{
> + u64 i, size;
> + u32 crc;
> + u8 *mem;
> +
> + size = md->num_pages << EFI_PAGE_SHIFT;
> + mem = memremap(md->phys_addr, size, MEMREMAP_WB);
> + if (!mem) {
> + pr_err("Error mapping EFI mem at %#llx\n", md->phys_addr);
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + size -= desc->length;
> + for (i = 0; i < size; i += 8) {
> + if (*((u64 *)(mem + i)) != *((u64 *)desc->prefix))
> + continue;
> +
> + /* Seed with ~0, invert to match crc32 userspace utility */
> + crc = ~crc32(~0, mem + i, desc->length);
> + if (crc == desc->crc)
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + memunmap(mem);
> +
> + if (i >= size)
> + return -ENOENT;
> +
> + pr_info("Found EFI embedded fw '%s' crc %08x\n", desc->name, desc->crc);
> +
> + if (found_fw_count >= MAX_EMBEDDED_FIRMWARES) {
> + pr_err("Error already have %d embedded firmwares\n",
> + MAX_EMBEDDED_FIRMWARES);
> + return -ENOSPC;
> + }
> +
> + found_fw[found_fw_count].data =
> + memremap(md->phys_addr + i, desc->length, MEMREMAP_WB);

I've heard of some firmware bing over hundreds of MB these days. Once
the can of worms is open its just a matter of time before someone
tries to abuse, so do we have any limitation size? How about spec
wise? Are there any limitations implied by it?

If there are rather small, do we stand to gain instead to just kzalloc()
and memcpy the found firmware? If done this way, wouldn't you be able
to run this earlier?

> + if (!found_fw[found_fw_count].data) {
> + pr_err("Error mapping embedded firmware\n");
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + found_fw[found_fw_count].name = desc->name;
> + found_fw[found_fw_count].length = desc->length;
> + found_fw_count++;
> +
> + /* Note md points to *unmapped* memory after this!!! */
> + efi_mem_reserve(md->phys_addr + i, desc->length);

Do you need a for_each_efi_memory_desc_safe() perhaps?

> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +void __init efi_check_for_embedded_firmwares(void)
> +{
> + const struct embedded_fw_desc *fw_desc;
> + const struct dmi_system_id *dmi_id;
> + efi_memory_desc_t *md;
> + int i, r;
> +
> + dmi_id = dmi_first_match(embedded_fw_table);
> + if (!dmi_id)
> + return;
> +
> + fw_desc = dmi_id->driver_data;
> + for (i = 0; fw_desc[i].length; i++) {
> + for_each_efi_memory_desc(md) {
> + if (md->type != EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_CODE)
> + continue;
> +
> + r = efi_check_md_for_embedded_firmware(md, &fw_desc[i]);
> + if (r == 0) {
> + /*
> + * On success efi_mem_reserve() has been called
> + * installing a new memmap, so our pointers
> + * are invalid now and we MUST break the loop.
> + */
> + break;

Yeah this seems fragile. Can we do better?

Luis

> + }
> + }
> + }
> +}
> +
> +int efi_get_embedded_fw(const char *name, void **data, size_t *size,
> + size_t msize)
> +{
> + struct embedded_fw *fw = NULL;
> + void *buf = *data;
> + int i;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < found_fw_count; i++) {
> + if (strcmp(name, found_fw[i].name) == 0) {
> + fw = &found_fw[i];
> + break;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + if (!fw)
> + return -ENOENT;
> +
> + if (msize && msize < fw->length)
> + return -EFBIG;
> +
> + if (!buf) {
> + buf = vmalloc(fw->length);
> + if (!buf)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + memcpy(buf, fw->data, fw->length);
> + *size = fw->length;
> + *data = buf;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> diff --git a/include/linux/efi.h b/include/linux/efi.h
> index f5083aa72eae..bbdfda1d9e8d 100644
> --- a/include/linux/efi.h
> +++ b/include/linux/efi.h
> @@ -1573,6 +1573,8 @@ efi_enable_reset_attack_mitigation(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg) { }
> #endif
>
> void efi_retrieve_tpm2_eventlog(efi_system_table_t *sys_table);
> +void efi_check_for_embedded_firmwares(void);
> +int efi_get_embedded_fw(const char *name, void **dat, size_t *sz, size_t msize);
>
> /*
> * Arch code can implement the following three template macros, avoiding
> diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
> index 969eaf140ef0..79b4a1b12509 100644
> --- a/init/main.c
> +++ b/init/main.c
> @@ -710,6 +710,7 @@ asmlinkage __visible void __init start_kernel(void)
> sfi_init_late();
>
> if (efi_enabled(EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES)) {
> + efi_check_for_embedded_firmwares();
> efi_free_boot_services();
> }
>
> --
> 2.17.0.rc2
>
>

--
Luis Rodriguez, SUSE LINUX GmbH
Maxfeldstrasse 5; D-90409 Nuernberg

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