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SubjectRe: [PATCH v9 2/2] fpga: lattice machxo2: Add Lattice MachXO2 support
On Mon, Apr 2, 2018 at 10:13 AM, Paolo Pisati <p.pisati@gmail.com> wrote:

Hi Paolo,

Thanks for making the changes I asked for. Except... is there a
reason to not get state in machxo2_spi_state?

It turns out the API will change again. I can do the fixup when that happens.

Alan

> This patch adds support to the FPGA manager for programming
> MachXO2 device’s internal flash memory, via slave SPI.
>
> Signed-off-by: Paolo Pisati <p.pisati@gmail.com>
> ---
> drivers/fpga/Kconfig | 7 +
> drivers/fpga/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/fpga/machxo2-spi.c | 405 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 413 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/fpga/machxo2-spi.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/fpga/Kconfig b/drivers/fpga/Kconfig
> index f47ef84..53d3f55 100644
> --- a/drivers/fpga/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/fpga/Kconfig
> @@ -70,6 +70,13 @@ config FPGA_MGR_ICE40_SPI
> help
> FPGA manager driver support for Lattice iCE40 FPGAs over SPI.
>
> +config FPGA_MGR_MACHXO2_SPI
> + tristate "Lattice MachXO2 SPI"
> + depends on SPI
> + help
> + FPGA manager driver support for Lattice MachXO2 configuration
> + over slave SPI interface.
> +
> config FPGA_MGR_TS73XX
> tristate "Technologic Systems TS-73xx SBC FPGA Manager"
> depends on ARCH_EP93XX && MACH_TS72XX
> diff --git a/drivers/fpga/Makefile b/drivers/fpga/Makefile
> index 3cb276a..f9803da 100644
> --- a/drivers/fpga/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/fpga/Makefile
> @@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_FPGA) += fpga-mgr.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_FPGA_MGR_ALTERA_CVP) += altera-cvp.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_FPGA_MGR_ALTERA_PS_SPI) += altera-ps-spi.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_FPGA_MGR_ICE40_SPI) += ice40-spi.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_FPGA_MGR_MACHXO2_SPI) += machxo2-spi.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_FPGA_MGR_SOCFPGA) += socfpga.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_FPGA_MGR_SOCFPGA_A10) += socfpga-a10.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_FPGA_MGR_TS73XX) += ts73xx-fpga.o
> diff --git a/drivers/fpga/machxo2-spi.c b/drivers/fpga/machxo2-spi.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..783aaf2
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/fpga/machxo2-spi.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,405 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * Lattice MachXO2 Slave SPI Driver
> + *
> + * Manage Lattice FPGA firmware that is loaded over SPI using
> + * the slave serial configuration interface.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2018 Paolo Pisati <p.pisati@gmail.com>
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/delay.h>
> +#include <linux/fpga/fpga-mgr.h>
> +#include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/of.h>
> +#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
> +
> +/* MachXO2 Programming Guide - sysCONFIG Programming Commands */
> +#define IDCODE_PUB {0xe0, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00}
> +#define ISC_ENABLE {0xc6, 0x08, 0x00, 0x00}
> +#define ISC_ERASE {0x0e, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00}
> +#define ISC_PROGRAMDONE {0x5e, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00}
> +#define LSC_INITADDRESS {0x46, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00}
> +#define LSC_PROGINCRNV {0x70, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01}
> +#define LSC_READ_STATUS {0x3c, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00}
> +#define LSC_REFRESH {0x79, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00}
> +
> +/*
> + * Max CCLK in Slave SPI mode according to 'MachXO2 Family Data
> + * Sheet' sysCONFIG Port Timing Specifications (3-36)
> + */
> +#define MACHXO2_MAX_SPEED 66000000
> +
> +#define MACHXO2_LOW_DELAY_USEC 5
> +#define MACHXO2_HIGH_DELAY_USEC 200
> +#define MACHXO2_REFRESH_USEC 4800
> +#define MACHXO2_MAX_BUSY_LOOP 128
> +#define MACHXO2_MAX_REFRESH_LOOP 16
> +
> +#define MACHXO2_PAGE_SIZE 16
> +#define MACHXO2_BUF_SIZE (MACHXO2_PAGE_SIZE + 4)
> +
> +/* Status register bits, errors and error mask */
> +#define BUSY 12
> +#define DONE 8
> +#define DVER 27
> +#define ENAB 9
> +#define ERRBITS 23
> +#define ERRMASK 7
> +#define FAIL 13
> +
> +#define ENOERR 0 /* no error */
> +#define EID 1
> +#define ECMD 2
> +#define ECRC 3
> +#define EPREAM 4 /* preamble error */
> +#define EABRT 5 /* abort error */
> +#define EOVERFL 6 /* overflow error */
> +#define ESDMEOF 7 /* SDM EOF */
> +
> +static inline u8 get_err(unsigned long *status)
> +{
> + return (*status >> ERRBITS) & ERRMASK;
> +}
> +
> +static int get_status(struct spi_device *spi, unsigned long *status)
> +{
> + struct spi_message msg;
> + struct spi_transfer rx, tx;
> + static const u8 cmd[] = LSC_READ_STATUS;
> + int ret;
> +
> + memset(&rx, 0, sizeof(rx));
> + memset(&tx, 0, sizeof(tx));
> + tx.tx_buf = cmd;
> + tx.len = sizeof(cmd);
> + rx.rx_buf = status;
> + rx.len = 4;
> + spi_message_init(&msg);
> + spi_message_add_tail(&tx, &msg);
> + spi_message_add_tail(&rx, &msg);
> + ret = spi_sync(spi, &msg);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + *status = be32_to_cpu(*status);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +#ifdef DEBUG
> +static const char *get_err_string(u8 err)
> +{
> + switch (err) {
> + case ENOERR: return "No Error";
> + case EID: return "ID ERR";
> + case ECMD: return "CMD ERR";
> + case ECRC: return "CRC ERR";
> + case EPREAM: return "Preamble ERR";
> + case EABRT: return "Abort ERR";
> + case EOVERFL: return "Overflow ERR";
> + case ESDMEOF: return "SDM EOF";
> + }
> +
> + return "Default switch case";
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> +static void dump_status_reg(unsigned long *status)
> +{
> +#ifdef DEBUG
> + pr_debug("machxo2 status: 0x%08lX - done=%d, cfgena=%d, busy=%d, fail=%d, devver=%d, err=%s\n",
> + *status, test_bit(DONE, status), test_bit(ENAB, status),
> + test_bit(BUSY, status), test_bit(FAIL, status),
> + test_bit(DVER, status), get_err_string(get_err(status)));
> +#endif
> +}
> +
> +static int wait_until_not_busy(struct spi_device *spi)
> +{
> + unsigned long status;
> + int ret, loop = 0;
> +
> + do {
> + ret = get_status(spi, &status);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> + if (++loop >= MACHXO2_MAX_BUSY_LOOP)
> + return -EBUSY;
> + } while (test_bit(BUSY, &status));
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int machxo2_cleanup(struct fpga_manager *mgr)
> +{
> + struct spi_device *spi = mgr->priv;
> + struct spi_message msg;
> + struct spi_transfer tx[2];
> + static const u8 erase[] = ISC_ERASE;
> + static const u8 refresh[] = LSC_REFRESH;
> + int ret;
> +
> + memset(tx, 0, sizeof(tx));
> + spi_message_init(&msg);
> + tx[0].tx_buf = &erase;
> + tx[0].len = sizeof(erase);
> + spi_message_add_tail(&tx[0], &msg);
> + ret = spi_sync(spi, &msg);
> + if (ret)
> + goto fail;
> +
> + ret = wait_until_not_busy(spi);
> + if (ret)
> + goto fail;
> +
> + spi_message_init(&msg);
> + tx[1].tx_buf = &refresh;
> + tx[1].len = sizeof(refresh);
> + tx[1].delay_usecs = MACHXO2_REFRESH_USEC;
> + spi_message_add_tail(&tx[1], &msg);
> + ret = spi_sync(spi, &msg);
> + if (ret)
> + goto fail;
> +
> + return 0;
> +fail:
> + dev_err(&mgr->dev, "Cleanup failed\n");
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static enum fpga_mgr_states machxo2_spi_state(struct fpga_manager *mgr)
> +{
> + return FPGA_MGR_STATE_UNKNOWN;
> +}
> +
> +static int machxo2_write_init(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
> + struct fpga_image_info *info,
> + const char *buf, size_t count)
> +{
> + struct spi_device *spi = mgr->priv;
> + struct spi_message msg;
> + struct spi_transfer tx[3];
> + static const u8 enable[] = ISC_ENABLE;
> + static const u8 erase[] = ISC_ERASE;
> + static const u8 initaddr[] = LSC_INITADDRESS;
> + unsigned long status;
> + int ret;
> +
> + if ((info->flags & FPGA_MGR_PARTIAL_RECONFIG)) {
> + dev_err(&mgr->dev,
> + "Partial reconfiguration is not supported\n");
> + return -ENOTSUPP;
> + }
> +
> + get_status(spi, &status);
> + dump_status_reg(&status);
> + memset(tx, 0, sizeof(tx));
> + spi_message_init(&msg);
> + tx[0].tx_buf = &enable;
> + tx[0].len = sizeof(enable);
> + tx[0].delay_usecs = MACHXO2_LOW_DELAY_USEC;
> + spi_message_add_tail(&tx[0], &msg);
> +
> + tx[1].tx_buf = &erase;
> + tx[1].len = sizeof(erase);
> + spi_message_add_tail(&tx[1], &msg);
> + ret = spi_sync(spi, &msg);
> + if (ret)
> + goto fail;
> +
> + ret = wait_until_not_busy(spi);
> + if (ret)
> + goto fail;
> +
> + get_status(spi, &status);
> + if (test_bit(FAIL, &status))
> + goto fail;
> + dump_status_reg(&status);
> +
> + spi_message_init(&msg);
> + tx[2].tx_buf = &initaddr;
> + tx[2].len = sizeof(initaddr);
> + spi_message_add_tail(&tx[2], &msg);
> + ret = spi_sync(spi, &msg);
> + if (ret)
> + goto fail;
> +
> + get_status(spi, &status);
> + dump_status_reg(&status);
> +
> + return 0;
> +fail:
> + dev_err(&mgr->dev, "Error during FPGA init.\n");
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int machxo2_write(struct fpga_manager *mgr, const char *buf,
> + size_t count)
> +{
> + struct spi_device *spi = mgr->priv;
> + struct spi_message msg;
> + struct spi_transfer tx;
> + static const u8 progincr[] = LSC_PROGINCRNV;
> + u8 payload[MACHXO2_BUF_SIZE];
> + unsigned long status;
> + int i, ret;
> +
> + if (count % MACHXO2_PAGE_SIZE != 0) {
> + dev_err(&mgr->dev, "Malformed payload.\n");
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> + get_status(spi, &status);
> + dump_status_reg(&status);
> + memcpy(payload, &progincr, sizeof(progincr));
> + for (i = 0; i < count; i += MACHXO2_PAGE_SIZE) {
> + memcpy(&payload[sizeof(progincr)], &buf[i], MACHXO2_PAGE_SIZE);
> + memset(&tx, 0, sizeof(tx));
> + spi_message_init(&msg);
> + tx.tx_buf = payload;
> + tx.len = MACHXO2_BUF_SIZE;
> + tx.delay_usecs = MACHXO2_HIGH_DELAY_USEC;
> + spi_message_add_tail(&tx, &msg);
> + ret = spi_sync(spi, &msg);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_err(&mgr->dev, "Error loading the bitstream.\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> + }
> + get_status(spi, &status);
> + dump_status_reg(&status);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int machxo2_write_complete(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
> + struct fpga_image_info *info)
> +{
> + struct spi_device *spi = mgr->priv;
> + struct spi_message msg;
> + struct spi_transfer tx[2];
> + static const u8 progdone[] = ISC_PROGRAMDONE;
> + static const u8 refresh[] = LSC_REFRESH;
> + unsigned long status;
> + int ret, refreshloop = 0;
> +
> + memset(tx, 0, sizeof(tx));
> + spi_message_init(&msg);
> + tx[0].tx_buf = &progdone;
> + tx[0].len = sizeof(progdone);
> + spi_message_add_tail(&tx[0], &msg);
> + ret = spi_sync(spi, &msg);
> + if (ret)
> + goto fail;
> + ret = wait_until_not_busy(spi);
> + if (ret)
> + goto fail;
> +
> + get_status(spi, &status);
> + dump_status_reg(&status);
> + if (!test_bit(DONE, &status)) {
> + machxo2_cleanup(mgr);
> + goto fail;
> + }
> +
> + do {
> + spi_message_init(&msg);
> + tx[1].tx_buf = &refresh;
> + tx[1].len = sizeof(refresh);
> + tx[1].delay_usecs = MACHXO2_REFRESH_USEC;
> + spi_message_add_tail(&tx[1], &msg);
> + ret = spi_sync(spi, &msg);
> + if (ret)
> + goto fail;
> +
> + /* check refresh status */
> + get_status(spi, &status);
> + dump_status_reg(&status);
> + if (!test_bit(BUSY, &status) && test_bit(DONE, &status) &&
> + get_err(&status) == ENOERR)
> + break;
> + if (++refreshloop == MACHXO2_MAX_REFRESH_LOOP) {
> + machxo2_cleanup(mgr);
> + goto fail;
> + }
> + } while (1);
> +
> + get_status(spi, &status);
> + dump_status_reg(&status);
> +
> + return 0;
> +fail:
> + dev_err(&mgr->dev, "Refresh failed.\n");
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct fpga_manager_ops machxo2_ops = {
> + .state = machxo2_spi_state,
> + .write_init = machxo2_write_init,
> + .write = machxo2_write,
> + .write_complete = machxo2_write_complete,
> +};
> +
> +static int machxo2_spi_probe(struct spi_device *spi)
> +{
> + struct device *dev = &spi->dev;
> + struct fpga_manager *mgr;
> +
> + if (spi->max_speed_hz > MACHXO2_MAX_SPEED) {
> + dev_err(dev, "Speed is too high\n");
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + mgr = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*mgr), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!mgr)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + mgr->parent = dev;
> + mgr->name = "Lattice MachXO2 SPI FPGA Manager";
> + mgr->mops = &machxo2_ops;
> + mgr->priv = spi;
> + spi_set_drvdata(spi, mgr);
> +
> + return fpga_mgr_register(mgr);
> +}
> +
> +static int machxo2_spi_remove(struct spi_device *spi)
> +{
> + struct fpga_manager *mgr = spi_get_drvdata(spi);
> +
> + fpga_mgr_unregister(mgr);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id of_match[] = {
> + { .compatible = "lattice,machxo2-slave-spi", },
> + {}
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, of_match);
> +
> +static const struct spi_device_id lattice_ids[] = {
> + { "machxo2-slave-spi", 0 },
> + { },
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(spi, lattice_ids);
> +
> +static struct spi_driver machxo2_spi_driver = {
> + .driver = {
> + .name = "machxo2-slave-spi",
> + .of_match_table = of_match_ptr(of_match),
> + },
> + .probe = machxo2_spi_probe,
> + .remove = machxo2_spi_remove,
> + .id_table = lattice_ids,
> +};
> +
> +module_spi_driver(machxo2_spi_driver)
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Paolo Pisati <p.pisati@gmail.com>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Load Lattice FPGA firmware over SPI");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> --
> 2.7.4
>

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