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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 00/79] Generic page write protection and a solution to page waitqueue
On Thu, Apr 19, 2018 at 12:32:50PM +0200, Jan Kara wrote:
> On Wed 18-04-18 11:54:30, Jerome Glisse wrote:

[...]

> > I am affraid truely generic write protection for metadata pages is bit
> > out of scope of what i am doing. However the mechanism i am proposing
> > can be extended for that too. Issue is that all place that want to write
> > to those page need to be converted to something where write happens
> > between write_begin and write_end section (mmap and CPU pte does give
> > this implicitly through page fault, so does write syscall). Basicly
> > there is a need to make sure that write and write protection can be
> > ordered against one another without complex locking.
>
> I understand metadata pages are not interesting for your use case. However
> from mm point of view these are page cache pages as any other. So maybe my
> question should have been: How do we make sure this mechanism will not be
> used for pages for which it cannot work?

Oh that one is easy, the API take vma + addr or rather mm struct + addr
(ie like KSM today kind of). I will change wording in v1 to almost
generic write protection :) or process' page write protection (but this
would not work for special pfn/vma so not generic their either).

> > > > A write protected page has page->mapping pointing to a structure like
> > > > struct rmap_item for KSM. So this structure has a list for each unique
> > > > combination:
> > > > struct write_protect {
> > > > struct list_head *mappings; /* write_protect_mapping list */
> > > > ...
> > > > };
> > > >
> > > > struct write_protect_mapping {
> > > > struct list_head list
> > > > struct address_space *mapping;
> > > > unsigned long offset;
> > > > unsigned long private;
> > > > ...
> > > > };
> > >
> > > Auch, the fact that we could share a page as data storage for several
> > > inode+offset combinations that are not sharing underlying storage just
> > > looks viciously twisted ;) But is it really that useful to warrant
> > > complications? In particular I'm afraid that filesystems expect consistency
> > > between their internal state (attached to page->private) and page state
> > > (e.g. page->flags) and when there are multiple internal states attached to
> > > the same page this could go easily wrong...
> >
> > So at first i want to limit to write protect (not KSM) thus page->flags
> > will stay consistent (ie page is only ever associated with a single
> > mapping). For KSM yes the page->flags can be problematic, however here
> > we can assume that page is clean (and uptodate) and not under write
> > back. So problematic flags for KSM:
> > - private (page_has_buffers() or PagePrivate (nfs, metadata, ...))
> > - private_2 (FsCache)
> > - mappedtodisk
> > - swapcache
> > - error
> >
> > Idea again would be to PageFlagsWithMapping(page, mapping) so that for
> > non KSM write protected page you test the usual page->flags and for
> > write protected page you find the flag value using mapping as lookup
> > index. Usualy those flag are seldomly changed/accessed. Again the
> > overhead (ignoring code size) would only be for page which are KSM.
> > So maybe KSM will not make sense because perf overhead it has with
> > page->flags access (i don't think so but i haven't tested this).
>
> Yeah, sure, page->flags could be dealt with in a similar way but at this
> point I don't think it's worth it. And without page->flags I don't think
> abstracting page->private makes much sense - or am I missing something why
> you need page->private depend on the mapping? So what I wanted to suggest
> is that we leave page->private as is currently and just concentrate on
> page->mapping hacks...

Well i wanted to go up to KSM or at least as close as possible to KSM
for file back page. But i can focus on page->mapping first, do write
protection with that and also do the per page wait queue for page lock.
Which i believe are both nice features. This will also make the patchset
smaller and easier to review (less scary).

KSM can be done on top of that latter and i will be happy to help. I
have a bunch of coccinelle patches for page->private, page->index and
i can do some for page->flags.

Cheers,
Jérôme

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