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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/6] tracing: Add trace event error log
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Hi Steve,

On Thu, 2018-04-12 at 18:20 -0400, Steven Rostedt wrote:
> On Thu, 12 Apr 2018 10:13:17 -0500
> Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com> wrote:
>
> > diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.h b/kernel/trace/trace.h
> > index 6fb46a0..f2dc7e6 100644
> > --- a/kernel/trace/trace.h
> > +++ b/kernel/trace/trace.h
> > @@ -1765,6 +1765,9 @@ extern ssize_t trace_parse_run_command(struct file *file,
> > const char __user *buffer, size_t count, loff_t *ppos,
> > int (*createfn)(int, char**));
> >
> > +extern void event_log_err(const char *loc, const char *cmd, const char *fmt,
> > + ...);
> > +
> > /*
> > * Normal trace_printk() and friends allocates special buffers
> > * to do the manipulation, as well as saves the print formats
> > diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_events.c b/kernel/trace/trace_events.c
> > index 05c7172..fd02e22 100644
> > --- a/kernel/trace/trace_events.c
> > +++ b/kernel/trace/trace_events.c
> > @@ -1668,6 +1668,164 @@ static void ignore_task_cpu(void *data)
> > return ret;
> > }
> >
> > +#define EVENT_LOG_ERRS_MAX (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct event_log_err))
>
> > +#define EVENT_ERR_LOG_MASK (EVENT_LOG_ERRS_MAX - 1)
>
> BTW, the above only works if EVENT_LOG_ERRS_MAX is a power of two,
> which it's not guaranteed to be.
>

My assumption was that we'd only ever need a page or two for the
error_log and so would always would be a power of two, since the size of
the struct event_log_err is 512.

Anyway, I should probably have put comments about all this in the code,
and I will, but the way it works kind of assumes a very small number of
errors - it's replacing a simple 'last error' facility for the hist
triggers and making it a common facility for other things that have
similar needs like Masami's kprobe_events errors. For those purposes, I
assumed it would suffice to simply be able to show that last 8 or some
similar small number of errors and constantly recycle the slots.

Basically it just splits the page into 16 strings, 2 per error, one for
the actual error text, the other for the command the user entered. The
struct event_log_err just overlays a struct on top of 2 strings just to
make it easier to manage.

Anyway, because it is such a small number, and we start with a zeroed
page, whenever we print the error log, we print all 16 strings even if
we only have one error (2 strings). The rest are NULL and print
nothing. We start with the tail, which could also be thought of as the
'oldest' or the 'first' error in the buffer and just cycle through them
all. Hope that clears up some of the other questions you had about how
a non-full log gets printed, etc...

> > +
> > +struct event_log_err {
> > + char err[MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL];
> > + char cmd[MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL];
> > +};
>
> I like the event_log_err idea, but the above can be shrunk to:
>
> struct err_info {
> u8 type; /* I can only imagine 254 types */
> u8 pos; /* MAX_FILTER_STR_VAR = 256 */
> };
>
> struct event_log_err {
> struct err_info info;
> char cmd[MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL];
> };
>
> There's no reason to put in a bunch of text that's going to be static
> anyway. Have a lookup table like we do for filters.
>
> + log_err("Variable name not unique, need to use fully qualified name (%s) for variable: ", fqvar(system, event_name, var_name, true));
>

Hmm, most of the log_errs use printf strings that get expanded, so need
a destination buffer, the event_log_err->err string, but I think I see
what you're getting at - that we can get rid of the format strings
altogether and make them static strings if we use the method of simply
printing the static string and putting a caret where the error is as
below.

>
> Instead of making the fqvar, find the location of the variable, and add:
>
> blah blah $var blah blah
> ^
> Variable name not unique, need to use fully qualified name for variable
>

OK, if we can do this for every error type, then we can use the lookup
table and the caret position instead of format strings. Which means
getting rid of the simple ring of strings, but whatever..

> > +
> > +static char *event_err_log;
> > +static unsigned int event_err_log_tail;
> > +
> > +struct event_log_err *get_event_log_err(void)
> > +{
> > + struct event_log_err *err;
> > + char *errpos;
> > +
> > + if (!event_err_log) {
> > + event_err_log = (char *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!event_err_log)
> > + return NULL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + errpos = event_err_log + event_err_log_tail * sizeof(*err);
> > + err = (struct event_log_err *)errpos;
> > +
> > + event_err_log_tail = (event_err_log_tail + 1) & EVENT_ERR_LOG_MASK;
>
> So you add errors one after the other:
>
> First error:
>
> err1,NULL,NULL,NULL,...
> ^
> tail
>
> Second error:
>
> err1,err2,NULL,NULL,...
> ^
> tail
>
> Third error:
>
> err1,err2,err3,NULL,
> ^
> tail
>

Yeah, in each case we print all the NULL strings first, which result in
no output, and then wrap around and print the errors in order.

> > +
> > + return err;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * event_log_err - write an error to the trace event error log
> > + * @loc: A string describing where the error occurred
> > + * @cmd: The trace event command that caused the error
> > + * @fmt: snprintf format string
> > + * @...: variable length list of snprintf args
> > + *
> > + * Writes an error into tracing/events/error_log of the form:
> > + *
> > + * ERROR(<loc>): <error text ala snprintf>
> > + * Command: <command that caused the error>
> > + *
> > + * tracing/events/error_log is a small log file containing the last
> > + * EVENT_LOG_ERRS_MAX errors (8). Memory for the error log isn't
> > + * allocated unless there has been a trace event error, and the error
> > + * log can be cleared and have its memory freed by writing the empty
> > + * string in truncation mode to it i.e. echo > error_log.
> > + *
> > + * Must be called with event_mutex held.
> > + */
> > +void event_log_err(const char *loc, const char *cmd, const char *fmt, ...)
> > +{
> > + struct event_log_err *err;
> > + va_list args;
> > + int len;
> > +
> > + err = get_event_log_err();
> > + if (!err)
> > + return;
> > +
> > + snprintf(err->cmd, MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL,"\n Command: %s\n", cmd);
> > +
> > + len = snprintf(err->err, MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL, "ERROR(%s): ", loc);
> > + if (len >= MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL)
> > + return;
> > +
> > + va_start(args, fmt);
> > + vsnprintf(err->err + len, MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL - len, fmt, args);
> > + va_end(args);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void clear_event_err_log(void)
> > +{
> > + free_page((long unsigned int)event_err_log);
> > + event_err_log_tail = 0;
> > + event_err_log = NULL;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void *event_err_log_inc(loff_t *pos)
> > +{
> > + struct event_log_err *err = NULL;
> > + char *errpos = NULL;
> > + int i = *pos;
> > +
> > + ++*pos;
> > +
> > + if (i >= EVENT_LOG_ERRS_MAX)
> > + return NULL;
> > +
> > + i += event_err_log_tail;
> > + i &= EVENT_ERR_LOG_MASK;
> > +
> > + errpos = event_err_log + (i * sizeof(*err));
> > + err = (struct event_log_err *)errpos;
>
> Now I'm confused. i += tail, so on *pos = 0, and tail = 3, we have
> i = 3 (or i = tail)
>
> err1,err2,err3,NULL,...
> ^
> tail
> i
>
> How do we return anything when the buffer isn't full yet?
>
> What did I miss?
>

Just that we're actually printing starting with those NULL strings and
wrapping around. It's not a big deal because we only have a handful so
simplicity over efficiency. ;-)

Tom

> Wouldn't this need to go backwards?
>
> i = event_err_log_tail - (i + 1);
> if (i < 0)
> i = EVENT_ERROR_LOG - 1;
>
> -- Steve
>


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