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Subject[PATCH 4.4 017/190] s390: move _text symbol to address higher than zero
4.4-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Heiko Carstens <>

[ Upstream commit d04a4c76f71dd5335f8e499b59617382d84e2b8d ]

The perf tool assumes that kernel symbols are never present at address
zero. In fact it assumes if functions that map symbols to addresses
return zero, that the symbol was not found.

Given that s390's _text symbol historically is located at address zero
this yields at least a couple of false errors and warnings in one of
perf's test cases about not present symbols ("perf test 1").

To fix this simply move the _text symbol to address 0x200, just behind
the initial psw and channel program located at the beginning of the
kernel image. This is now hard coded within the linker script.

I tried a nicer solution which moves the initial psw and channel
program into an own section. However that would move the symbols
within the "real" head.text section to different addresses, since the
".org" statements within head.S are relative to the head.text
section. If there is a new section in front, everything else will be
moved. Alternatively I could have adjusted all ".org" statements. But
this current solution seems to be the easiest one, since nobody really
cares where the _text symbol is actually located.

Reported-by: Zvonko Kosic <>
Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <>
Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
arch/s390/kernel/ | 8 +++++++-
1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

--- a/arch/s390/kernel/
+++ b/arch/s390/kernel/
@@ -21,8 +21,14 @@ SECTIONS
. = 0x00000000;
.text : {
- _text = .; /* Text and read-only data */
+ /* Text and read-only data */
+ /*
+ * E.g. perf doesn't like symbols starting at address zero,
+ * therefore skip the initial PSW and channel program located
+ * at address zero and let _text start at 0x200.
+ */
+ _text = 0x200;

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