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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1] kernel/trace:check the val against the available mem
Hi Steve,

On Fri, Mar 30, 2018 at 7:20 AM, Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> wrote:
>
> [ Adding memory management folks to discuss the issue ]
>
> On Thu, 29 Mar 2018 18:41:44 +0800
> Zhaoyang Huang <huangzhaoyang@gmail.com> wrote:
>
>> It is reported that some user app would like to echo a huge
>> number to "/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/buffer_size_kb" regardless
>> of the available memory, which will cause the coinstantaneous
>> page allocation failed and introduce OOM. The commit checking the
>> val against the available mem first to avoid the consequence allocation.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Zhaoyang Huang <zhaoyang.huang@spreadtrum.com>
>> ---
>> kernel/trace/trace.c | 39 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>> 1 file changed, 38 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
>> index 2d0ffcc..a4a4237 100644
>> --- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
>> +++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
>> @@ -43,6 +43,8 @@
>> #include <linux/trace.h>
>> #include <linux/sched/rt.h>
>>
>> +#include <linux/mm.h>
>> +#include <linux/swap.h>
>> #include "trace.h"
>> #include "trace_output.h"
>>
>> @@ -5967,6 +5969,39 @@ static ssize_t tracing_splice_read_pipe(struct file *filp,
>> return ret;
>> }
>>
>> +static long get_available_mem(void)
>> +{
>> + struct sysinfo i;
>> + long available;
>> + unsigned long pagecache;
>> + unsigned long wmark_low = 0;
>> + unsigned long pages[NR_LRU_LISTS];
>> + struct zone *zone;
>> + int lru;
>> +
>> + si_meminfo(&i);
>> + si_swapinfo(&i);
>> +
>> + for (lru = LRU_BASE; lru < NR_LRU_LISTS; lru++)
>> + pages[lru] = global_page_state(NR_LRU_BASE + lru);
>> +
>> + for_each_zone(zone)
>> + wmark_low += zone->watermark[WMARK_LOW];
>> +
>> + available = i.freeram - wmark_low;
>> +
>> + pagecache = pages[LRU_ACTIVE_FILE] + pages[LRU_INACTIVE_FILE];
>> + pagecache -= min(pagecache / 2, wmark_low);
>> + available += pagecache;
>> +
>> + available += global_page_state(NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE) -
>> + min(global_page_state(NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE) / 2, wmark_low);
>> +
>> + if (available < 0)
>> + available = 0;
>> + return available;
>> +}
>> +
>
> As I stated in my other reply, the above function does not belong in
> tracing.
>
> That said, it appears you are having issues that were caused by the
> change by commit 848618857d2 ("tracing/ring_buffer: Try harder to
> allocate"), where we replaced NORETRY with RETRY_MAYFAIL. The point of
> NORETRY was to keep allocations of the tracing ring-buffer from causing
> OOMs. But the RETRY was too strong in that case, because there were

Yes this was discussed with -mm folks. Basically the problem we were
seeing is devices with tonnes of free memory (but free as in free but
used by page cache) were not being used so it was unnecessarily
failing to allocate ring buffer on the system with otherwise lots of
memory.

> those that wanted to allocate large ring buffers but it would fail due
> to memory being used that could be reclaimed. Supposedly, RETRY_MAYFAIL
> is to allocate with reclaim but still allow to fail, and isn't suppose
> to trigger an OOM. From my own tests, this is obviously not the case.
>

IIRC, the OOM that my patch was trying to avoid, was being triggered
in the path/context of the write to buffer_size_kb itself (when not
doing the NORETRY), not by other processes.

> Perhaps this is because the ring buffer allocates one page at a time,
> and by doing so, it can get every last available page, and if anything
> in the mean time does an allocation without MAYFAIL, it will cause an
> OOM. For example, when I stressed this I triggered this:
>
> pool invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=0x14200ca(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE), nodemask=(null), order=0, oom_score_adj=0
> pool cpuset=/ mems_allowed=0
> CPU: 7 PID: 1040 Comm: pool Not tainted 4.16.0-rc4-test+ #663
> Hardware name: Hewlett-Packard HP Compaq Pro 6300 SFF/339A, BIOS K01 v03.03 07/14/2016
> Call Trace:
> dump_stack+0x8e/0xce
> dump_header.isra.30+0x6e/0x28f
> ? _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x30/0x60
> oom_kill_process+0x218/0x400
> ? has_capability_noaudit+0x17/0x20
> out_of_memory+0xe3/0x5c0
> __alloc_pages_slowpath+0xa8e/0xe50
> __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x206/0x220
> alloc_pages_current+0x6a/0xe0
> __page_cache_alloc+0x6a/0xa0
> filemap_fault+0x208/0x5f0
> ? __might_sleep+0x4a/0x80
> ext4_filemap_fault+0x31/0x44
> __do_fault+0x20/0xd0
> __handle_mm_fault+0xc08/0x1160
> handle_mm_fault+0x76/0x110
> __do_page_fault+0x299/0x580
> do_page_fault+0x2d/0x110
> ? page_fault+0x2f/0x50
> page_fault+0x45/0x50

But this OOM is not in the path of the buffer_size_kb write, right? So
then what does it have to do with buffer_size_kb write failure?

I guess the original issue reported is that the buffer_size_kb write
causes *other* applications to fail allocation. So in that case,
capping the amount that ftrace writes makes sense. Basically my point
is I don't see how the patch you mentioned introduces the problem here
- in the sense the patch just makes ftrace allocate from memory it
couldn't before and to try harder.

>
> I wonder if I should have the ring buffer allocate groups of pages, to
> avoid this. Or try to allocate with NORETRY, one page at a time, and
> when that fails, allocate groups of pages with RETRY_MAYFAIL, and that
> may keep it from causing an OOM?
>

I don't see immediately how that can prevent an OOM in other
applications here? If ftrace allocates lots of memory with
RETRY_MAYFAIL, then we would still OOM in other applications if memory
isn't available. Sorry if I missed something.

Thanks,

- Joel

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