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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] perf: riscv: preliminary RISC-V support
Hi Alex,

I'm appreciated for your reply and tests.

On Wed, Mar 28, 2018 at 03:58:41PM -0700, Alex Solomatnikov wrote:
> Did you test this code?

I did test this patch on QEMU's virt model with multi-hart, which is the only
RISC-V machine I have for now. But as I mentioned in
https://github.com/riscv/riscv-qemu/pull/115 , the hardware counter support
in QEMU is not fully conformed to the 1.10 Priv-Spec, so I had to slightly
tweak the code to make reading work.

Specifically, the read to cycle and instret in QEMU looks like this:
...
case CSR_INSTRET:
case CSR_CYCLE:
// if (ctr_ok) {
return cpu_get_host_ticks();
// }
break;
...
and the two lines of comment was the tweak.

On such environment, I did not get anything unexpected. No matter which of them
is requested, QEMU returns the host's tick.

>
> I got funny numbers when I tried to run it on HiFive Unleashed:
>
> perf stat mem-latency
> ...
>
> Performance counter stats for 'mem-latency':
>
> 157.907000 task-clock (msec) # 0.940 CPUs utilized
>
> 1 context-switches # 0.006 K/sec
>
> 1 cpu-migrations # 0.006 K/sec
>
> 4102 page-faults # 0.026 M/sec
>
> 157923752 cycles # 1.000 GHz
>
> 9223372034948899840 instructions # 58403957087.78 insn
> per cycle
> <not supported> branches
>
> <not supported> branch-misses
>
>
> 0.168046000 seconds time elapsed
>
>
> Tracing read_counter(), I see this:
>
> Jan 1 00:41:50 buildroot user.info kernel: [ 2510.058809] CPU 3:
> read_counter idx=0 val=2528358954912
> Jan 1 00:41:50 buildroot user.info kernel: [ 2510.063339] CPU 3:
> read_counter idx=1 val=53892244920
> Jan 1 00:41:50 buildroot user.info kernel: [ 2510.118160] CPU 3:
> read_counter idx=0 val=2528418303035
> Jan 1 00:41:50 buildroot user.info kernel: [ 2510.122694] CPU 3:
> read_counter idx=1 val=53906699665
> Jan 1 00:41:50 buildroot user.info kernel: [ 2510.216736] CPU 1:
> read_counter idx=0 val=2528516878664
> Jan 1 00:41:50 buildroot user.info kernel: [ 2510.221270] CPU 1:
> read_counter idx=1 val=51986369142
>
> It looks like the counter values from different cores are subtracted and
> wraparound occurs.
>

Thanks for the hint. It makes sense. 9223372034948899840 is 7fffffff8e66a400,
which should be a wraparound with the mask I set (63-bit) in the code.

I will try this direction. Ideally, we can solve it by explicitly syncing the
hwc->prev_count when a cpu migration event happens.

>
> Also, core IDs and socket IDs are wrong in perf report:
>

As Palmer has replied to this, I have no comment here.

> perf report --header -I
> Error:
> The perf.data file has no samples!
> # ========
> # captured on: Thu Jan 1 02:52:07 1970
> # hostname : buildroot
> # os release : 4.15.0-00045-g0d7c030-dirty
> # perf version : 4.15.0
> # arch : riscv64
> # nrcpus online : 4
> # nrcpus avail : 5
> # total memory : 8188340 kB
> # cmdline : /usr/bin/perf record -F 1000 lat_mem_rd -P 1 -W 1 -N 1 -t 10
> # event : name = cycles:ppp, , size = 112, { sample_period, sample_freq } =
> 1000, sample_type = IP|TID|TIME|PERIOD, disabled = 1, inherit = 1, mmap =
> 1, comm = 1, freq = 1, enable_on_exec = 1, task = 1, precise_ip = 3,
> sample_id_all = 1, exclude_guest = 1, mmap2 = 1, comm_exec = 1
> # sibling cores : 1
> # sibling cores : 2
> # sibling cores : 3
> # sibling cores : 4
> # sibling threads : 1
> # sibling threads : 2
> # sibling threads : 3
> # sibling threads : 4
> # CPU 0: Core ID -1, Socket ID -1
> # CPU 1: Core ID 0, Socket ID -1
> # CPU 2: Core ID 0, Socket ID -1
> # CPU 3: Core ID 0, Socket ID -1
> # CPU 4: Core ID 0, Socket ID -1
> # pmu mappings: cpu = 4, software = 1
> # CPU cache info:
> # L1 Instruction 32K [1]
> # L1 Data 32K [1]
> # L1 Instruction 32K [2]
> # L1 Data 32K [2]
> # L1 Instruction 32K [3]
> # L1 Data 32K [3]
> # missing features: TRACING_DATA BUILD_ID CPUDESC CPUID NUMA_TOPOLOGY
> BRANCH_STACK GROUP_DESC AUXTRACE STAT
> # ========
>
>
> Alex
>

Many thanks,
Alan

> On Mon, Mar 26, 2018 at 12:57 AM, Alan Kao <alankao@andestech.com> wrote:
>
> > This patch provide a basic PMU, riscv_base_pmu, which supports two
> > general hardware event, instructions and cycles. Furthermore, this
> > PMU serves as a reference implementation to ease the portings in
> > the future.
> >
> > riscv_base_pmu should be able to run on any RISC-V machine that
> > conforms to the Priv-Spec. Note that the latest qemu model hasn't
> > fully support a proper behavior of Priv-Spec 1.10 yet, but work
> > around should be easy with very small fixes. Please check
> > https://github.com/riscv/riscv-qemu/pull/115 for future updates.
> >
> > Cc: Nick Hu <nickhu@andestech.com>
> > Cc: Greentime Hu <greentime@andestech.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Alan Kao <alankao@andestech.com>
> > ---
> > arch/riscv/Kconfig | 12 +
> > arch/riscv/include/asm/perf_event.h | 76 +++++-
> > arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile | 1 +
> > arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c | 469 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > ++++++
> > 4 files changed, 554 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> > create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> > index 310b9a5d6737..dd4aecfb5265 100644
> > --- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> > @@ -195,6 +195,18 @@ config RISCV_ISA_C
> > config RISCV_ISA_A
> > def_bool y
> >
> > +menu "PMU type"
> > + depends on PERF_EVENTS
> > +
> > +config RISCV_BASE_PMU
> > + bool "Base Performance Monitoring Unit"
> > + def_bool y
> > + help
> > + A base PMU that serves as a reference implementation and has
> > limited
> > + feature of perf.
> > +
> > +endmenu
> > +
> > endmenu
> >
> > menu "Kernel type"
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/perf_event.h
> > b/arch/riscv/include/asm/perf_event.h
> > index e13d2ff29e83..98e2efb02d25 100644
> > --- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/perf_event.h
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/perf_event.h
> > @@ -1,13 +1,81 @@
> > +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> > /*
> > * Copyright (C) 2018 SiFive
> > + * Copyright (C) 2018 Andes Technology Corporation
> > *
> > - * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> > - * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
> > - * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
> > - * 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
> > */
> >
> > #ifndef _ASM_RISCV_PERF_EVENT_H
> > #define _ASM_RISCV_PERF_EVENT_H
> >
> > +#include <linux/perf_event.h>
> > +#include <linux/ptrace.h>
> > +
> > +#define RISCV_BASE_COUNTERS 2
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * The RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS parameter should be specified.
> > + */
> > +
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_RISCV_BASE_PMU
> > +#define RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS 2
> > +#endif
> > +
> > +#ifndef RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS
> > +#error "Please provide a valid RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS for the PMU."
> > +#endif
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * These are the indexes of bits in counteren register *minus* 1,
> > + * except for cycle. It would be coherent if it can directly mapped
> > + * to counteren bit definition, but there is a *time* register at
> > + * counteren[1]. Per-cpu structure is scarce resource here.
> > + *
> > + * According to the spec, an implementation can support counter up to
> > + * mhpmcounter31, but many high-end processors has at most 6 general
> > + * PMCs, we give the definition to MHPMCOUNTER8 here.
> > + */
> > +#define RISCV_PMU_CYCLE 0
> > +#define RISCV_PMU_INSTRET 1
> > +#define RISCV_PMU_MHPMCOUNTER3 2
> > +#define RISCV_PMU_MHPMCOUNTER4 3
> > +#define RISCV_PMU_MHPMCOUNTER5 4
> > +#define RISCV_PMU_MHPMCOUNTER6 5
> > +#define RISCV_PMU_MHPMCOUNTER7 6
> > +#define RISCV_PMU_MHPMCOUNTER8 7
> > +
> > +#define RISCV_OP_UNSUPP (-EOPNOTSUPP)
> > +
> > +struct cpu_hw_events {
> > + /* # currently enabled events*/
> > + int n_events;
> > + /* currently enabled events */
> > + struct perf_event *events[RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS];
> > + /* vendor-defined PMU data */
> > + void *platform;
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct riscv_pmu {
> > + struct pmu *pmu;
> > +
> > + /* generic hw/cache events table */
> > + const int *hw_events;
> > + const int (*cache_events)[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX]
> > + [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX]
> > + [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX];
> > + /* method used to map hw/cache events */
> > + int (*map_hw_event)(u64 config);
> > + int (*map_cache_event)(u64 config);
> > +
> > + /* max generic hw events in map */
> > + int max_events;
> > + /* number total counters, 2(base) + x(general) */
> > + int num_counters;
> > + /* the width of the counter */
> > + int counter_width;
> > +
> > + /* vendor-defined PMU features */
> > + void *platform;
> > +};
> > +
> > #endif /* _ASM_RISCV_PERF_EVENT_H */
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
> > index 196f62ffc428..849c38d9105f 100644
> > --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
> > @@ -36,5 +36,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += smp.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_MODULES) += module.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER) += mcount.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER) += ftrace.o
> > +obj-$(CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS) += perf_event.o
> >
> > clean:
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_
> > event.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..b78cb486683b
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,469 @@
> > +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> > +/*
> > + * Copyright (C) 2008 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> > + * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar
> > + * Copyright (C) 2009 Jaswinder Singh Rajput
> > + * Copyright (C) 2009 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., Robert Richter
> > + * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra
> > + * Copyright (C) 2009 Intel Corporation, <markus.t.metzger@intel.com>
> > + * Copyright (C) 2009 Google, Inc., Stephane Eranian
> > + * Copyright 2014 Tilera Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
> > + * Copyright (C) 2018 Andes Technology Corporation
> > + *
> > + * Perf_events support for RISC-V platforms.
> > + *
> > + * Since the spec. (as of now, Priv-Spec 1.10) does not provide enough
> > + * functionality for perf event to fully work, this file provides
> > + * the very basic framework only.
> > + *
> > + * For platform portings, please check Documentations/riscv/pmu.txt.
> > + *
> > + * The Copyright line includes x86 and tile ones.
> > + */
> > +
> > +#include <linux/kprobes.h>
> > +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> > +#include <linux/kdebug.h>
> > +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> > +#include <linux/bitmap.h>
> > +#include <linux/irq.h>
> > +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> > +#include <linux/perf_event.h>
> > +#include <linux/atomic.h>
> > +#include <asm/perf_event.h>
> > +
> > +static const struct riscv_pmu *riscv_pmu __read_mostly;
> > +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cpu_hw_events, cpu_hw_events);
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Hardware & cache maps and their methods
> > + */
> > +
> > +static const int riscv_hw_event_map[] = {
> > + [PERF_COUNT_HW_CPU_CYCLES] = RISCV_PMU_CYCLE,
> > + [PERF_COUNT_HW_INSTRUCTIONS] = RISCV_PMU_INSTRET,
> > + [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_REFERENCES] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MISSES] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [PERF_COUNT_HW_BRANCH_INSTRUCTIONS] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [PERF_COUNT_HW_BRANCH_MISSES] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [PERF_COUNT_HW_BUS_CYCLES] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > +};
> > +
> > +#define C(x) PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_##x
> > +static const int riscv_cache_event_map[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX]
> > +[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX]
> > +[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX] = {
> > + [C(L1D)] = {
> > + [C(OP_READ)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + [C(OP_WRITE)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + [C(OP_PREFETCH)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + },
> > + [C(L1I)] = {
> > + [C(OP_READ)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + [C(OP_WRITE)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + [C(OP_PREFETCH)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + },
> > + [C(LL)] = {
> > + [C(OP_READ)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + [C(OP_WRITE)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + [C(OP_PREFETCH)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + },
> > + [C(DTLB)] = {
> > + [C(OP_READ)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + [C(OP_WRITE)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + [C(OP_PREFETCH)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + },
> > + [C(ITLB)] = {
> > + [C(OP_READ)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + [C(OP_WRITE)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + [C(OP_PREFETCH)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + },
> > + [C(BPU)] = {
> > + [C(OP_READ)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + [C(OP_WRITE)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + [C(OP_PREFETCH)] = {
> > + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> > + },
> > + },
> > +};
> > +
> > +static int riscv_map_hw_event(u64 config)
> > +{
> > + if (config >= riscv_pmu->max_events)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + return riscv_pmu->hw_events[config];
> > +}
> > +
> > +int riscv_map_cache_decode(u64 config, unsigned int *type,
> > + unsigned int *op, unsigned int *result)
> > +{
> > + return -ENOENT;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int riscv_map_cache_event(u64 config)
> > +{
> > + unsigned int type, op, result;
> > + int err = -ENOENT;
> > + int code;
> > +
> > + err = riscv_map_cache_decode(config, &type, &op, &result);
> > + if (!riscv_pmu->cache_events || err)
> > + return err;
> > +
> > + if (type >= PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX ||
> > + op >= PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX ||
> > + result >= PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + code = (*riscv_pmu->cache_events)[type][op][result];
> > + if (code == RISCV_OP_UNSUPP)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + return code;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Low-level functions: reading/writing counters
> > + */
> > +
> > +static inline u64 read_counter(int idx)
> > +{
> > + u64 val = 0;
> > +
> > + switch (idx) {
> > + case RISCV_PMU_CYCLE:
> > + val = csr_read(cycle);
> > + break;
> > + case RISCV_PMU_INSTRET:
> > + val = csr_read(instret);
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + WARN_ON_ONCE(idx < 0 || idx > RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS);
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + return val;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static inline void write_counter(int idx, u64 value)
> > +{
> > + /* currently not supported */
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * pmu->read: read and update the counter
> > + *
> > + * Other architectures' implementation often have a xxx_perf_event_update
> > + * routine, which can return counter values when called in the IRQ, but
> > + * return void when being called by the pmu->read method.
> > + */
> > +static void riscv_pmu_read(struct perf_event *event)
> > +{
> > + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> > + u64 prev_raw_count, new_raw_count;
> > + u64 oldval;
> > + int idx = hwc->idx;
> > + u64 delta;
> > +
> > + do {
> > + prev_raw_count = local64_read(&hwc->prev_count);
> > + new_raw_count = read_counter(idx);
> > +
> > + oldval = local64_cmpxchg(&hwc->prev_count, prev_raw_count,
> > + new_raw_count);
> > + } while (oldval != prev_raw_count);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * delta is the value to update the counter we maintain in the
> > kernel.
> > + */
> > + delta = (new_raw_count - prev_raw_count) &
> > + ((1ULL << riscv_pmu->counter_width) - 1);
> > + local64_add(delta, &event->count);
> > + /*
> > + * Something like local64_sub(delta, &hwc->period_left) here is
> > + * needed if there is an interrupt for perf.
> > + */
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * State transition functions:
> > + *
> > + * stop()/start() & add()/del()
> > + */
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * pmu->stop: stop the counter
> > + */
> > +static void riscv_pmu_stop(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
> > +{
> > + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> > +
> > + WARN_ON_ONCE(hwc->state & PERF_HES_STOPPED);
> > + hwc->state |= PERF_HES_STOPPED;
> > +
> > + if ((flags & PERF_EF_UPDATE) && !(hwc->state & PERF_HES_UPTODATE))
> > {
> > + riscv_pmu_read(event);
> > + hwc->state |= PERF_HES_UPTODATE;
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * pmu->start: start the event.
> > + */
> > +static void riscv_pmu_start(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
> > +{
> > + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> > +
> > + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(event->hw.state & PERF_HES_STOPPED)))
> > + return;
> > +
> > + if (flags & PERF_EF_RELOAD) {
> > + WARN_ON_ONCE(!(event->hw.state & PERF_HES_UPTODATE));
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Set the counter to the period to the next interrupt
> > here,
> > + * if you have any.
> > + */
> > + }
> > +
> > + hwc->state = 0;
> > + perf_event_update_userpage(event);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Since we cannot write to counters, this serves as an
> > initialization
> > + * to the delta-mechanism in pmu->read(); otherwise, the delta
> > would be
> > + * wrong when pmu->read is called for the first time.
> > + */
> > + if (local64_read(&hwc->prev_count) == 0)
> > + local64_set(&hwc->prev_count, read_counter(hwc->idx));
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * pmu->add: add the event to PMU.
> > + */
> > +static int riscv_pmu_add(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
> > +{
> > + struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
> > + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> > +
> > + if (cpuc->n_events == riscv_pmu->num_counters)
> > + return -ENOSPC;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * We don't have general conunters, so no binding-event-to-counter
> > + * process here.
> > + *
> > + * Indexing using hwc->config generally not works, since config may
> > + * contain extra information, but here the only info we have in
> > + * hwc->config is the event index.
> > + */
> > + hwc->idx = hwc->config;
> > + cpuc->events[hwc->idx] = event;
> > + cpuc->n_events++;
> > +
> > + hwc->state = PERF_HES_UPTODATE | PERF_HES_STOPPED;
> > +
> > + if (flags & PERF_EF_START)
> > + riscv_pmu_start(event, PERF_EF_RELOAD);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * pmu->del: delete the event from PMU.
> > + */
> > +static void riscv_pmu_del(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
> > +{
> > + struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
> > + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> > +
> > + cpuc->events[hwc->idx] = NULL;
> > + cpuc->n_events--;
> > + riscv_pmu_stop(event, PERF_EF_UPDATE);
> > + perf_event_update_userpage(event);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Interrupt
> > + */
> > +
> > +static DEFINE_MUTEX(pmc_reserve_mutex);
> > +typedef void (*perf_irq_t)(void *riscv_perf_irq);
> > +perf_irq_t perf_irq;
> > +
> > +void riscv_pmu_handle_irq(void *riscv_perf_irq)
> > +{
> > +}
> > +
> > +static perf_irq_t reserve_pmc_hardware(void)
> > +{
> > + perf_irq_t old;
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&pmc_reserve_mutex);
> > + old = perf_irq;
> > + perf_irq = &riscv_pmu_handle_irq;
> > + mutex_unlock(&pmc_reserve_mutex);
> > +
> > + return old;
> > +}
> > +
> > +void release_pmc_hardware(void)
> > +{
> > + mutex_lock(&pmc_reserve_mutex);
> > + perf_irq = NULL;
> > + mutex_unlock(&pmc_reserve_mutex);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Event Initialization
> > + */
> > +
> > +static atomic_t riscv_active_events;
> > +
> > +static void riscv_event_destroy(struct perf_event *event)
> > +{
> > + if (atomic_dec_return(&riscv_active_events) == 0)
> > + release_pmc_hardware();
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int riscv_event_init(struct perf_event *event)
> > +{
> > + struct perf_event_attr *attr = &event->attr;
> > + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> > + perf_irq_t old_irq_handler = NULL;
> > + int code;
> > +
> > + if (atomic_inc_return(&riscv_active_events) == 1)
> > + old_irq_handler = reserve_pmc_hardware();
> > +
> > + if (old_irq_handler) {
> > + pr_warn("PMC hardware busy (reserved by oprofile)\n");
> > + atomic_dec(&riscv_active_events);
> > + return -EBUSY;
> > + }
> > +
> > + switch (event->attr.type) {
> > + case PERF_TYPE_HARDWARE:
> > + code = riscv_pmu->map_hw_event(attr->config);
> > + break;
> > + case PERF_TYPE_HW_CACHE:
> > + code = riscv_pmu->map_cache_event(attr->config);
> > + break;
> > + case PERF_TYPE_RAW:
> > + return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> > + default:
> > + return -ENOENT;
> > + }
> > +
> > + event->destroy = riscv_event_destroy;
> > + if (code < 0) {
> > + event->destroy(event);
> > + return code;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * idx is set to -1 because the index of a general event should
> > not be
> > + * decided until binding to some counter in pmu->add().
> > + *
> > + * But since we don't have such support, later in pmu->add(), we
> > just
> > + * use hwc->config as the index instead.
> > + */
> > + hwc->config = code;
> > + hwc->idx = -1;
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Initialization
> > + */
> > +
> > +static struct pmu min_pmu = {
> > + .name = "riscv-base",
> > + .event_init = riscv_event_init,
> > + .add = riscv_pmu_add,
> > + .del = riscv_pmu_del,
> > + .start = riscv_pmu_start,
> > + .stop = riscv_pmu_stop,
> > + .read = riscv_pmu_read,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct riscv_pmu riscv_base_pmu = {
> > + .pmu = &min_pmu,
> > + .max_events = ARRAY_SIZE(riscv_hw_event_map),
> > + .map_hw_event = riscv_map_hw_event,
> > + .hw_events = riscv_hw_event_map,
> > + .map_cache_event = riscv_map_cache_event,
> > + .cache_events = &riscv_cache_event_map,
> > + .counter_width = 63,
> > + .num_counters = RISCV_BASE_COUNTERS + 0,
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct pmu * __weak __init riscv_init_platform_pmu(void)
> > +{
> > + riscv_pmu = &riscv_base_pmu;
> > + return riscv_pmu->pmu;
> > +}
> > +
> > +int __init init_hw_perf_events(void)
> > +{
> > + struct pmu *pmu = riscv_init_platform_pmu();
> > +
> > + perf_irq = NULL;
> > + perf_pmu_register(pmu, "cpu", PERF_TYPE_RAW);
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +arch_initcall(init_hw_perf_events);
> > --
> > 2.16.2
> >

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