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SubjectRe: [PATCH] task_struct: Only use anon struct under randstruct plugin
On Tue, Mar 27, 2018 at 02:22:31PM -1000, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 27, 2018 at 1:03 PM, Andrew Morton
> <akpm@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
> >
> > Why? What caused this padding? It happens in all configs?
>
> I assume what happens is that the anonymous struct ends up containing
> fields that are cacheline-aligned, and then the whole anonymous struct
> is cacheline-aligned.

Yes, structures inherit the alignment requirements of their constituent
members.

> Which is all kinds of stupid, since the anonymous struct itself does
> not exist outside of the outer struct. So it would be entirely
> sufficient to just make the outer struct cacheline aligned (like it
> used to be), but not align the inner anonymous one - just the fields
> in it.
>
> But there may be "reasons" why the inner anonymous one needs to be
> aligned. Maybe it's some standards requirement, or maybe it's just an
> internal gcc implementation detail.

Last time I read the standard there wasn't a distinction between
anonymous and regular structures for this. So in that regards a strict
reading of the standard would mandate this behaviour.

> Regardless, it's a bit sad. It also means that when randomization is
> on, that unnecessary padding will be there.

The other complaint is that the anonymous structure makes the pahole
output (which is what I showed) unnecessarily ugly.

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