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Subject[RFC PATCH for 4.17 20/21] rseq: selftests: Provide parametrized tests
Date
"param_test" is a parametrizable restartable sequences test. See
the "--help" output for usage.

"param_test_benchmark" is the same as "param_test", but it removes
testing book-keeping code to allow accurate benchmarks.

"param_test_skip_fastpath" is the same as "param_test", but it skips
the rseq fast-path, and only calls the cpu_opv slow path.

"param_test_compare_twice" is the same as "param_test", but it performs
each comparison within rseq critical section twice, thus validating
invariants. If any of the second comparisons fails, an error message
is printed and the test aborts.

Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
CC: Shuah Khan <shuahkh@osg.samsung.com>
CC: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
CC: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
CC: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
CC: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
CC: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
CC: Andrew Hunter <ahh@google.com>
CC: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
CC: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
CC: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
CC: Dave Watson <davejwatson@fb.com>
CC: Chris Lameter <cl@linux.com>
CC: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
CC: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
CC: Ben Maurer <bmaurer@fb.com>
CC: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
CC: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
CC: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
CC: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
CC: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
CC: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
CC: linux-kselftest@vger.kernel.org
CC: linux-api@vger.kernel.org
---
tools/testing/selftests/rseq/param_test.c | 1163 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 1163 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/rseq/param_test.c

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rseq/param_test.c b/tools/testing/selftests/rseq/param_test.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0a7c05f506be
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rseq/param_test.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1163 @@
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#include <assert.h>
+#include <pthread.h>
+#include <sched.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <syscall.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <poll.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <signal.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <stddef.h>
+
+static inline pid_t gettid(void)
+{
+ return syscall(__NR_gettid);
+}
+
+#define NR_INJECT 9
+static int loop_cnt[NR_INJECT + 1];
+
+static int loop_cnt_1 asm("asm_loop_cnt_1") __attribute__((used));
+static int loop_cnt_2 asm("asm_loop_cnt_2") __attribute__((used));
+static int loop_cnt_3 asm("asm_loop_cnt_3") __attribute__((used));
+static int loop_cnt_4 asm("asm_loop_cnt_4") __attribute__((used));
+static int loop_cnt_5 asm("asm_loop_cnt_5") __attribute__((used));
+static int loop_cnt_6 asm("asm_loop_cnt_6") __attribute__((used));
+
+static int opt_modulo, verbose;
+
+static int opt_yield, opt_signal, opt_sleep,
+ opt_disable_rseq, opt_threads = 200,
+ opt_disable_mod = 0, opt_test = 's', opt_mb = 0;
+
+static long long opt_reps = 5000;
+
+static __thread __attribute__((tls_model("initial-exec")))
+unsigned int signals_delivered;
+
+#ifndef BENCHMARK
+
+static __thread __attribute__((tls_model("initial-exec"), unused))
+unsigned int yield_mod_cnt, nr_abort;
+
+#define printf_verbose(fmt, ...) \
+ do { \
+ if (verbose) \
+ printf(fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__); \
+ } while (0)
+
+#if defined(__x86_64__) || defined(__i386__)
+
+#define INJECT_ASM_REG "eax"
+
+#define RSEQ_INJECT_CLOBBER \
+ , INJECT_ASM_REG
+
+#define RSEQ_INJECT_ASM(n) \
+ "mov asm_loop_cnt_" #n ", %%" INJECT_ASM_REG "\n\t" \
+ "test %%" INJECT_ASM_REG ",%%" INJECT_ASM_REG "\n\t" \
+ "jz 333f\n\t" \
+ "222:\n\t" \
+ "dec %%" INJECT_ASM_REG "\n\t" \
+ "jnz 222b\n\t" \
+ "333:\n\t"
+
+#elif defined(__ARMEL__)
+
+#define RSEQ_INJECT_INPUT \
+ , [loop_cnt_1]"m"(loop_cnt[1]) \
+ , [loop_cnt_2]"m"(loop_cnt[2]) \
+ , [loop_cnt_3]"m"(loop_cnt[3]) \
+ , [loop_cnt_4]"m"(loop_cnt[4]) \
+ , [loop_cnt_5]"m"(loop_cnt[5]) \
+ , [loop_cnt_6]"m"(loop_cnt[6])
+
+#define INJECT_ASM_REG "r4"
+
+#define RSEQ_INJECT_CLOBBER \
+ , INJECT_ASM_REG
+
+#define RSEQ_INJECT_ASM(n) \
+ "ldr " INJECT_ASM_REG ", %[loop_cnt_" #n "]\n\t" \
+ "cmp " INJECT_ASM_REG ", #0\n\t" \
+ "beq 333f\n\t" \
+ "222:\n\t" \
+ "subs " INJECT_ASM_REG ", #1\n\t" \
+ "bne 222b\n\t" \
+ "333:\n\t"
+
+#elif __PPC__
+
+#define RSEQ_INJECT_INPUT \
+ , [loop_cnt_1]"m"(loop_cnt[1]) \
+ , [loop_cnt_2]"m"(loop_cnt[2]) \
+ , [loop_cnt_3]"m"(loop_cnt[3]) \
+ , [loop_cnt_4]"m"(loop_cnt[4]) \
+ , [loop_cnt_5]"m"(loop_cnt[5]) \
+ , [loop_cnt_6]"m"(loop_cnt[6])
+
+#define INJECT_ASM_REG "r18"
+
+#define RSEQ_INJECT_CLOBBER \
+ , INJECT_ASM_REG
+
+#define RSEQ_INJECT_ASM(n) \
+ "lwz %%" INJECT_ASM_REG ", %[loop_cnt_" #n "]\n\t" \
+ "cmpwi %%" INJECT_ASM_REG ", 0\n\t" \
+ "beq 333f\n\t" \
+ "222:\n\t" \
+ "subic. %%" INJECT_ASM_REG ", %%" INJECT_ASM_REG ", 1\n\t" \
+ "bne 222b\n\t" \
+ "333:\n\t"
+#else
+#error unsupported target
+#endif
+
+#define RSEQ_INJECT_FAILED \
+ nr_abort++;
+
+#define RSEQ_INJECT_C(n) \
+{ \
+ int loc_i, loc_nr_loops = loop_cnt[n]; \
+ \
+ for (loc_i = 0; loc_i < loc_nr_loops; loc_i++) { \
+ rseq_barrier(); \
+ } \
+ if (loc_nr_loops == -1 && opt_modulo) { \
+ if (yield_mod_cnt == opt_modulo - 1) { \
+ if (opt_sleep > 0) \
+ poll(NULL, 0, opt_sleep); \
+ if (opt_yield) \
+ sched_yield(); \
+ if (opt_signal) \
+ raise(SIGUSR1); \
+ yield_mod_cnt = 0; \
+ } else { \
+ yield_mod_cnt++; \
+ } \
+ } \
+}
+
+#else
+
+#define printf_verbose(fmt, ...)
+
+#endif /* BENCHMARK */
+
+#include "percpu-op.h"
+
+struct percpu_lock_entry {
+ intptr_t v;
+} __attribute__((aligned(128)));
+
+struct percpu_lock {
+ struct percpu_lock_entry c[CPU_SETSIZE];
+};
+
+struct test_data_entry {
+ intptr_t count;
+} __attribute__((aligned(128)));
+
+struct spinlock_test_data {
+ struct percpu_lock lock;
+ struct test_data_entry c[CPU_SETSIZE];
+};
+
+struct spinlock_thread_test_data {
+ struct spinlock_test_data *data;
+ long long reps;
+ int reg;
+};
+
+struct inc_test_data {
+ struct test_data_entry c[CPU_SETSIZE];
+};
+
+struct inc_thread_test_data {
+ struct inc_test_data *data;
+ long long reps;
+ int reg;
+};
+
+struct percpu_list_node {
+ intptr_t data;
+ struct percpu_list_node *next;
+};
+
+struct percpu_list_entry {
+ struct percpu_list_node *head;
+} __attribute__((aligned(128)));
+
+struct percpu_list {
+ struct percpu_list_entry c[CPU_SETSIZE];
+};
+
+#define BUFFER_ITEM_PER_CPU 100
+
+struct percpu_buffer_node {
+ intptr_t data;
+};
+
+struct percpu_buffer_entry {
+ intptr_t offset;
+ intptr_t buflen;
+ struct percpu_buffer_node **array;
+} __attribute__((aligned(128)));
+
+struct percpu_buffer {
+ struct percpu_buffer_entry c[CPU_SETSIZE];
+};
+
+#define MEMCPY_BUFFER_ITEM_PER_CPU 100
+
+struct percpu_memcpy_buffer_node {
+ intptr_t data1;
+ uint64_t data2;
+};
+
+struct percpu_memcpy_buffer_entry {
+ intptr_t offset;
+ intptr_t buflen;
+ struct percpu_memcpy_buffer_node *array;
+} __attribute__((aligned(128)));
+
+struct percpu_memcpy_buffer {
+ struct percpu_memcpy_buffer_entry c[CPU_SETSIZE];
+};
+
+/* A simple percpu spinlock. */
+static void rseq_percpu_lock(struct percpu_lock *lock, int cpu)
+{
+ for (;;) {
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = percpu_cmpeqv_storev(&lock->c[cpu].v,
+ 0, 1, cpu);
+ if (rseq_likely(!ret))
+ break;
+ if (rseq_unlikely(ret < 0)) {
+ perror("cpu_opv");
+ abort();
+ }
+ /* Retry if comparison fails. */
+ }
+ /*
+ * Acquire semantic when taking lock after control dependency.
+ * Matches rseq_smp_store_release().
+ */
+ rseq_smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep();
+}
+
+static void rseq_percpu_unlock(struct percpu_lock *lock, int cpu)
+{
+ assert(lock->c[cpu].v == 1);
+ /*
+ * Release lock, with release semantic. Matches
+ * rseq_smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep().
+ */
+ rseq_smp_store_release(&lock->c[cpu].v, 0);
+}
+
+void *test_percpu_spinlock_thread(void *arg)
+{
+ struct spinlock_thread_test_data *thread_data = arg;
+ struct spinlock_test_data *data = thread_data->data;
+ long long i, reps;
+
+ if (!opt_disable_rseq && thread_data->reg &&
+ rseq_register_current_thread())
+ abort();
+ reps = thread_data->reps;
+ for (i = 0; i < reps; i++) {
+ int cpu = rseq_cpu_start();
+
+ rseq_percpu_lock(&data->lock, cpu);
+ data->c[cpu].count++;
+ rseq_percpu_unlock(&data->lock, cpu);
+#ifndef BENCHMARK
+ if (i != 0 && !(i % (reps / 10)))
+ printf_verbose("tid %d: count %lld\n", (int) gettid(), i);
+#endif
+ }
+ printf_verbose("tid %d: number of rseq abort: %d, signals delivered: %u\n",
+ (int) gettid(), nr_abort, signals_delivered);
+ if (!opt_disable_rseq && thread_data->reg &&
+ rseq_unregister_current_thread())
+ abort();
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * A simple test which implements a sharded counter using a per-cpu
+ * lock. Obviously real applications might prefer to simply use a
+ * per-cpu increment; however, this is reasonable for a test and the
+ * lock can be extended to synchronize more complicated operations.
+ */
+void test_percpu_spinlock(void)
+{
+ const int num_threads = opt_threads;
+ int i, ret;
+ uint64_t sum;
+ pthread_t test_threads[num_threads];
+ struct spinlock_test_data data;
+ struct spinlock_thread_test_data thread_data[num_threads];
+
+ memset(&data, 0, sizeof(data));
+ for (i = 0; i < num_threads; i++) {
+ thread_data[i].reps = opt_reps;
+ if (opt_disable_mod <= 0 || (i % opt_disable_mod))
+ thread_data[i].reg = 1;
+ else
+ thread_data[i].reg = 0;
+ thread_data[i].data = &data;
+ ret = pthread_create(&test_threads[i], NULL,
+ test_percpu_spinlock_thread,
+ &thread_data[i]);
+ if (ret) {
+ errno = ret;
+ perror("pthread_create");
+ abort();
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_threads; i++) {
+ ret = pthread_join(test_threads[i], NULL);
+ if (ret) {
+ errno = ret;
+ perror("pthread_join");
+ abort();
+ }
+ }
+
+ sum = 0;
+ for (i = 0; i < CPU_SETSIZE; i++)
+ sum += data.c[i].count;
+
+ assert(sum == (uint64_t)opt_reps * num_threads);
+}
+
+void *test_percpu_inc_thread(void *arg)
+{
+ struct inc_thread_test_data *thread_data = arg;
+ struct inc_test_data *data = thread_data->data;
+ long long i, reps;
+
+ if (!opt_disable_rseq && thread_data->reg &&
+ rseq_register_current_thread())
+ abort();
+ reps = thread_data->reps;
+ for (i = 0; i < reps; i++) {
+ int cpu, ret;
+
+ cpu = rseq_cpu_start();
+ ret = percpu_addv(&data->c[cpu].count, 1, cpu);
+ if (rseq_unlikely(ret)) {
+ perror("cpu_opv");
+ abort();
+ }
+#ifndef BENCHMARK
+ if (i != 0 && !(i % (reps / 10)))
+ printf_verbose("tid %d: count %lld\n", (int) gettid(), i);
+#endif
+ }
+ printf_verbose("tid %d: number of rseq abort: %d, signals delivered: %u\n",
+ (int) gettid(), nr_abort, signals_delivered);
+ if (!opt_disable_rseq && thread_data->reg &&
+ rseq_unregister_current_thread())
+ abort();
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+void test_percpu_inc(void)
+{
+ const int num_threads = opt_threads;
+ int i, ret;
+ uint64_t sum;
+ pthread_t test_threads[num_threads];
+ struct inc_test_data data;
+ struct inc_thread_test_data thread_data[num_threads];
+
+ memset(&data, 0, sizeof(data));
+ for (i = 0; i < num_threads; i++) {
+ thread_data[i].reps = opt_reps;
+ if (opt_disable_mod <= 0 || (i % opt_disable_mod))
+ thread_data[i].reg = 1;
+ else
+ thread_data[i].reg = 0;
+ thread_data[i].data = &data;
+ ret = pthread_create(&test_threads[i], NULL,
+ test_percpu_inc_thread,
+ &thread_data[i]);
+ if (ret) {
+ errno = ret;
+ perror("pthread_create");
+ abort();
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_threads; i++) {
+ ret = pthread_join(test_threads[i], NULL);
+ if (ret) {
+ errno = ret;
+ perror("pthread_join");
+ abort();
+ }
+ }
+
+ sum = 0;
+ for (i = 0; i < CPU_SETSIZE; i++)
+ sum += data.c[i].count;
+
+ assert(sum == (uint64_t)opt_reps * num_threads);
+}
+
+void percpu_list_push(struct percpu_list *list,
+ struct percpu_list_node *node,
+ int cpu)
+{
+ for (;;) {
+ intptr_t *targetptr, newval, expect;
+ int ret;
+
+ /* Load list->c[cpu].head with single-copy atomicity. */
+ expect = (intptr_t)RSEQ_READ_ONCE(list->c[cpu].head);
+ newval = (intptr_t)node;
+ targetptr = (intptr_t *)&list->c[cpu].head;
+ node->next = (struct percpu_list_node *)expect;
+ ret = percpu_cmpeqv_storev(targetptr, expect, newval, cpu);
+ if (rseq_likely(!ret))
+ break;
+ if (rseq_unlikely(ret < 0)) {
+ perror("cpu_opv");
+ abort();
+ }
+ /* Retry if comparison fails. */
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Unlike a traditional lock-less linked list; the availability of a
+ * rseq primitive allows us to implement pop without concerns over
+ * ABA-type races.
+ */
+struct percpu_list_node *percpu_list_pop(struct percpu_list *list,
+ int cpu)
+{
+ struct percpu_list_node *head;
+ intptr_t *targetptr, expectnot, *load;
+ off_t offset;
+ int ret;
+
+ targetptr = (intptr_t *)&list->c[cpu].head;
+ expectnot = (intptr_t)NULL;
+ offset = offsetof(struct percpu_list_node, next);
+ load = (intptr_t *)&head;
+ ret = percpu_cmpnev_storeoffp_load(targetptr, expectnot,
+ offset, load, cpu);
+ if (rseq_unlikely(ret < 0)) {
+ perror("cpu_opv");
+ abort();
+ }
+ if (ret > 0)
+ return NULL;
+ return head;
+}
+
+void *test_percpu_list_thread(void *arg)
+{
+ long long i, reps;
+ struct percpu_list *list = (struct percpu_list *)arg;
+
+ if (!opt_disable_rseq && rseq_register_current_thread())
+ abort();
+
+ reps = opt_reps;
+ for (i = 0; i < reps; i++) {
+ struct percpu_list_node *node;
+
+ node = percpu_list_pop(list, rseq_cpu_start());
+ if (opt_yield)
+ sched_yield(); /* encourage shuffling */
+ if (node)
+ percpu_list_push(list, node, rseq_cpu_start());
+ }
+
+ printf_verbose("tid %d: number of rseq abort: %d, signals delivered: %u\n",
+ (int) gettid(), nr_abort, signals_delivered);
+ if (!opt_disable_rseq && rseq_unregister_current_thread())
+ abort();
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/* Simultaneous modification to a per-cpu linked list from many threads. */
+void test_percpu_list(void)
+{
+ const int num_threads = opt_threads;
+ int i, j, ret;
+ uint64_t sum = 0, expected_sum = 0;
+ struct percpu_list list;
+ pthread_t test_threads[num_threads];
+ cpu_set_t allowed_cpus;
+
+ memset(&list, 0, sizeof(list));
+
+ /* Generate list entries for every usable cpu. */
+ sched_getaffinity(0, sizeof(allowed_cpus), &allowed_cpus);
+ for (i = 0; i < CPU_SETSIZE; i++) {
+ if (!CPU_ISSET(i, &allowed_cpus))
+ continue;
+ for (j = 1; j <= 100; j++) {
+ struct percpu_list_node *node;
+
+ expected_sum += j;
+
+ node = malloc(sizeof(*node));
+ assert(node);
+ node->data = j;
+ node->next = list.c[i].head;
+ list.c[i].head = node;
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_threads; i++) {
+ ret = pthread_create(&test_threads[i], NULL,
+ test_percpu_list_thread, &list);
+ if (ret) {
+ errno = ret;
+ perror("pthread_create");
+ abort();
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_threads; i++) {
+ ret = pthread_join(test_threads[i], NULL);
+ if (ret) {
+ errno = ret;
+ perror("pthread_join");
+ abort();
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < CPU_SETSIZE; i++) {
+ struct percpu_list_node *node;
+
+ if (!CPU_ISSET(i, &allowed_cpus))
+ continue;
+
+ while ((node = percpu_list_pop(&list, i))) {
+ sum += node->data;
+ free(node);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * All entries should now be accounted for (unless some external
+ * actor is interfering with our allowed affinity while this
+ * test is running).
+ */
+ assert(sum == expected_sum);
+}
+
+bool percpu_buffer_push(struct percpu_buffer *buffer,
+ struct percpu_buffer_node *node,
+ int cpu)
+{
+ for (;;) {
+ intptr_t *targetptr_spec, newval_spec;
+ intptr_t *targetptr_final, newval_final;
+ intptr_t offset;
+ int ret;
+
+ offset = RSEQ_READ_ONCE(buffer->c[cpu].offset);
+ if (offset == buffer->c[cpu].buflen)
+ return false;
+ newval_spec = (intptr_t)node;
+ targetptr_spec = (intptr_t *)&buffer->c[cpu].array[offset];
+ newval_final = offset + 1;
+ targetptr_final = &buffer->c[cpu].offset;
+ if (opt_mb)
+ ret = percpu_cmpeqv_storev_storev_release(
+ targetptr_final, offset, targetptr_spec,
+ newval_spec, newval_final, cpu);
+ else
+ ret = percpu_cmpeqv_storev_storev(targetptr_final,
+ offset, targetptr_spec, newval_spec,
+ newval_final, cpu);
+ if (rseq_likely(!ret))
+ break;
+ if (rseq_unlikely(ret < 0)) {
+ perror("cpu_opv");
+ abort();
+ }
+ /* Retry if comparison fails. */
+ }
+ return true;
+}
+
+struct percpu_buffer_node *percpu_buffer_pop(struct percpu_buffer *buffer,
+ int cpu)
+{
+ struct percpu_buffer_node *head;
+
+ for (;;) {
+ intptr_t *targetptr, newval;
+ intptr_t offset;
+ int ret;
+
+ /* Load offset with single-copy atomicity. */
+ offset = RSEQ_READ_ONCE(buffer->c[cpu].offset);
+ if (offset == 0)
+ return NULL;
+ head = RSEQ_READ_ONCE(buffer->c[cpu].array[offset - 1]);
+ newval = offset - 1;
+ targetptr = (intptr_t *)&buffer->c[cpu].offset;
+ ret = percpu_cmpeqv_cmpeqv_storev(targetptr, offset,
+ (intptr_t *)&buffer->c[cpu].array[offset - 1],
+ (intptr_t)head, newval, cpu);
+ if (rseq_likely(!ret))
+ break;
+ if (rseq_unlikely(ret < 0)) {
+ perror("cpu_opv");
+ abort();
+ }
+ /* Retry if comparison fails. */
+ }
+ return head;
+}
+
+void *test_percpu_buffer_thread(void *arg)
+{
+ long long i, reps;
+ struct percpu_buffer *buffer = (struct percpu_buffer *)arg;
+
+ if (!opt_disable_rseq && rseq_register_current_thread())
+ abort();
+
+ reps = opt_reps;
+ for (i = 0; i < reps; i++) {
+ struct percpu_buffer_node *node;
+
+ node = percpu_buffer_pop(buffer, rseq_cpu_start());
+ if (opt_yield)
+ sched_yield(); /* encourage shuffling */
+ if (node) {
+ if (!percpu_buffer_push(buffer, node,
+ rseq_cpu_start())) {
+ /* Should increase buffer size. */
+ abort();
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ printf_verbose("tid %d: number of rseq abort: %d, signals delivered: %u\n",
+ (int) gettid(), nr_abort, signals_delivered);
+ if (!opt_disable_rseq && rseq_unregister_current_thread())
+ abort();
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/* Simultaneous modification to a per-cpu buffer from many threads. */
+void test_percpu_buffer(void)
+{
+ const int num_threads = opt_threads;
+ int i, j, ret;
+ uint64_t sum = 0, expected_sum = 0;
+ struct percpu_buffer buffer;
+ pthread_t test_threads[num_threads];
+ cpu_set_t allowed_cpus;
+
+ memset(&buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
+
+ /* Generate list entries for every usable cpu. */
+ sched_getaffinity(0, sizeof(allowed_cpus), &allowed_cpus);
+ for (i = 0; i < CPU_SETSIZE; i++) {
+ if (!CPU_ISSET(i, &allowed_cpus))
+ continue;
+ /* Worse-case is every item in same CPU. */
+ buffer.c[i].array =
+ malloc(sizeof(*buffer.c[i].array) * CPU_SETSIZE *
+ BUFFER_ITEM_PER_CPU);
+ assert(buffer.c[i].array);
+ buffer.c[i].buflen = CPU_SETSIZE * BUFFER_ITEM_PER_CPU;
+ for (j = 1; j <= BUFFER_ITEM_PER_CPU; j++) {
+ struct percpu_buffer_node *node;
+
+ expected_sum += j;
+
+ /*
+ * We could theoretically put the word-sized
+ * "data" directly in the buffer. However, we
+ * want to model objects that would not fit
+ * within a single word, so allocate an object
+ * for each node.
+ */
+ node = malloc(sizeof(*node));
+ assert(node);
+ node->data = j;
+ buffer.c[i].array[j - 1] = node;
+ buffer.c[i].offset++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_threads; i++) {
+ ret = pthread_create(&test_threads[i], NULL,
+ test_percpu_buffer_thread, &buffer);
+ if (ret) {
+ errno = ret;
+ perror("pthread_create");
+ abort();
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_threads; i++) {
+ ret = pthread_join(test_threads[i], NULL);
+ if (ret) {
+ errno = ret;
+ perror("pthread_join");
+ abort();
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < CPU_SETSIZE; i++) {
+ struct percpu_buffer_node *node;
+
+ if (!CPU_ISSET(i, &allowed_cpus))
+ continue;
+
+ while ((node = percpu_buffer_pop(&buffer, i))) {
+ sum += node->data;
+ free(node);
+ }
+ free(buffer.c[i].array);
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * All entries should now be accounted for (unless some external
+ * actor is interfering with our allowed affinity while this
+ * test is running).
+ */
+ assert(sum == expected_sum);
+}
+
+bool percpu_memcpy_buffer_push(struct percpu_memcpy_buffer *buffer,
+ struct percpu_memcpy_buffer_node item, int cpu)
+{
+ for (;;) {
+ intptr_t *targetptr_final, newval_final, offset;
+ char *destptr, *srcptr;
+ size_t copylen;
+ int ret;
+
+ /* Load offset with single-copy atomicity. */
+ offset = RSEQ_READ_ONCE(buffer->c[cpu].offset);
+ if (offset == buffer->c[cpu].buflen)
+ return false;
+ destptr = (char *)&buffer->c[cpu].array[offset];
+ srcptr = (char *)&item;
+ /* copylen must be <= 4kB. */
+ copylen = sizeof(item);
+ newval_final = offset + 1;
+ targetptr_final = &buffer->c[cpu].offset;
+ if (opt_mb)
+ ret = percpu_cmpeqv_memcpy_storev_release(
+ targetptr_final, offset,
+ destptr, srcptr, copylen,
+ newval_final, cpu);
+ else
+ ret = percpu_cmpeqv_memcpy_storev(targetptr_final,
+ offset, destptr, srcptr, copylen,
+ newval_final, cpu);
+ if (rseq_likely(!ret))
+ break;
+ if (rseq_unlikely(ret < 0)) {
+ perror("cpu_opv");
+ abort();
+ }
+ /* Retry if comparison fails. */
+ }
+ return true;
+}
+
+bool percpu_memcpy_buffer_pop(struct percpu_memcpy_buffer *buffer,
+ struct percpu_memcpy_buffer_node *item, int cpu)
+{
+ for (;;) {
+ intptr_t *targetptr_final, newval_final, offset;
+ char *destptr, *srcptr;
+ size_t copylen;
+ int ret;
+
+ /* Load offset with single-copy atomicity. */
+ offset = RSEQ_READ_ONCE(buffer->c[cpu].offset);
+ if (offset == 0)
+ return false;
+ destptr = (char *)item;
+ srcptr = (char *)&buffer->c[cpu].array[offset - 1];
+ /* copylen must be <= 4kB. */
+ copylen = sizeof(*item);
+ newval_final = offset - 1;
+ targetptr_final = &buffer->c[cpu].offset;
+ ret = percpu_cmpeqv_memcpy_storev(targetptr_final,
+ offset, destptr, srcptr, copylen,
+ newval_final, cpu);
+ if (rseq_likely(!ret))
+ break;
+ if (rseq_unlikely(ret < 0)) {
+ perror("cpu_opv");
+ abort();
+ }
+ /* Retry if comparison fails. */
+ }
+ return true;
+}
+
+void *test_percpu_memcpy_buffer_thread(void *arg)
+{
+ long long i, reps;
+ struct percpu_memcpy_buffer *buffer = (struct percpu_memcpy_buffer *)arg;
+
+ if (!opt_disable_rseq && rseq_register_current_thread())
+ abort();
+
+ reps = opt_reps;
+ for (i = 0; i < reps; i++) {
+ struct percpu_memcpy_buffer_node item;
+ bool result;
+
+ result = percpu_memcpy_buffer_pop(buffer, &item,
+ rseq_cpu_start());
+ if (opt_yield)
+ sched_yield(); /* encourage shuffling */
+ if (result) {
+ if (!percpu_memcpy_buffer_push(buffer, item,
+ rseq_cpu_start())) {
+ /* Should increase buffer size. */
+ abort();
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ printf_verbose("tid %d: number of rseq abort: %d, signals delivered: %u\n",
+ (int) gettid(), nr_abort, signals_delivered);
+ if (!opt_disable_rseq && rseq_unregister_current_thread())
+ abort();
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/* Simultaneous modification to a per-cpu buffer from many threads. */
+void test_percpu_memcpy_buffer(void)
+{
+ const int num_threads = opt_threads;
+ int i, j, ret;
+ uint64_t sum = 0, expected_sum = 0;
+ struct percpu_memcpy_buffer buffer;
+ pthread_t test_threads[num_threads];
+ cpu_set_t allowed_cpus;
+
+ memset(&buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
+
+ /* Generate list entries for every usable cpu. */
+ sched_getaffinity(0, sizeof(allowed_cpus), &allowed_cpus);
+ for (i = 0; i < CPU_SETSIZE; i++) {
+ if (!CPU_ISSET(i, &allowed_cpus))
+ continue;
+ /* Worse-case is every item in same CPU. */
+ buffer.c[i].array =
+ malloc(sizeof(*buffer.c[i].array) * CPU_SETSIZE *
+ MEMCPY_BUFFER_ITEM_PER_CPU);
+ assert(buffer.c[i].array);
+ buffer.c[i].buflen = CPU_SETSIZE * MEMCPY_BUFFER_ITEM_PER_CPU;
+ for (j = 1; j <= MEMCPY_BUFFER_ITEM_PER_CPU; j++) {
+ expected_sum += 2 * j + 1;
+
+ /*
+ * We could theoretically put the word-sized
+ * "data" directly in the buffer. However, we
+ * want to model objects that would not fit
+ * within a single word, so allocate an object
+ * for each node.
+ */
+ buffer.c[i].array[j - 1].data1 = j;
+ buffer.c[i].array[j - 1].data2 = j + 1;
+ buffer.c[i].offset++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_threads; i++) {
+ ret = pthread_create(&test_threads[i], NULL,
+ test_percpu_memcpy_buffer_thread,
+ &buffer);
+ if (ret) {
+ errno = ret;
+ perror("pthread_create");
+ abort();
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_threads; i++) {
+ ret = pthread_join(test_threads[i], NULL);
+ if (ret) {
+ errno = ret;
+ perror("pthread_join");
+ abort();
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < CPU_SETSIZE; i++) {
+ struct percpu_memcpy_buffer_node item;
+
+ if (!CPU_ISSET(i, &allowed_cpus))
+ continue;
+
+ while (percpu_memcpy_buffer_pop(&buffer, &item, i)) {
+ sum += item.data1;
+ sum += item.data2;
+ }
+ free(buffer.c[i].array);
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * All entries should now be accounted for (unless some external
+ * actor is interfering with our allowed affinity while this
+ * test is running).
+ */
+ assert(sum == expected_sum);
+}
+
+static void test_signal_interrupt_handler(int signo)
+{
+ signals_delivered++;
+}
+
+static int set_signal_handler(void)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+ struct sigaction sa;
+ sigset_t sigset;
+
+ ret = sigemptyset(&sigset);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ perror("sigemptyset");
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ sa.sa_handler = test_signal_interrupt_handler;
+ sa.sa_mask = sigset;
+ sa.sa_flags = 0;
+ ret = sigaction(SIGUSR1, &sa, NULL);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ perror("sigaction");
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ printf_verbose("Signal handler set for SIGUSR1\n");
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void show_usage(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ printf("Usage : %s <OPTIONS>\n",
+ argv[0]);
+ printf("OPTIONS:\n");
+ printf(" [-1 loops] Number of loops for delay injection 1\n");
+ printf(" [-2 loops] Number of loops for delay injection 2\n");
+ printf(" [-3 loops] Number of loops for delay injection 3\n");
+ printf(" [-4 loops] Number of loops for delay injection 4\n");
+ printf(" [-5 loops] Number of loops for delay injection 5\n");
+ printf(" [-6 loops] Number of loops for delay injection 6\n");
+ printf(" [-7 loops] Number of loops for delay injection 7 (-1 to enable -m)\n");
+ printf(" [-8 loops] Number of loops for delay injection 8 (-1 to enable -m)\n");
+ printf(" [-9 loops] Number of loops for delay injection 9 (-1 to enable -m)\n");
+ printf(" [-m N] Yield/sleep/kill every modulo N (default 0: disabled) (>= 0)\n");
+ printf(" [-y] Yield\n");
+ printf(" [-k] Kill thread with signal\n");
+ printf(" [-s S] S: =0: disabled (default), >0: sleep time (ms)\n");
+ printf(" [-t N] Number of threads (default 200)\n");
+ printf(" [-r N] Number of repetitions per thread (default 5000)\n");
+ printf(" [-d] Disable rseq system call (no initialization)\n");
+ printf(" [-D M] Disable rseq for each M threads\n");
+ printf(" [-T test] Choose test: (s)pinlock, (l)ist, (b)uffer, (m)emcpy, (i)ncrement\n");
+ printf(" [-M] Push into buffer and memcpy buffer with memory barriers.\n");
+ printf(" [-v] Verbose output.\n");
+ printf(" [-h] Show this help.\n");
+ printf("\n");
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
+ if (argv[i][0] != '-')
+ continue;
+ switch (argv[i][1]) {
+ case '1':
+ case '2':
+ case '3':
+ case '4':
+ case '5':
+ case '6':
+ case '7':
+ case '8':
+ case '9':
+ if (argc < i + 2) {
+ show_usage(argc, argv);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ loop_cnt[argv[i][1] - '0'] = atol(argv[i + 1]);
+ i++;
+ break;
+ case 'm':
+ if (argc < i + 2) {
+ show_usage(argc, argv);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ opt_modulo = atol(argv[i + 1]);
+ if (opt_modulo < 0) {
+ show_usage(argc, argv);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ i++;
+ break;
+ case 's':
+ if (argc < i + 2) {
+ show_usage(argc, argv);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ opt_sleep = atol(argv[i + 1]);
+ if (opt_sleep < 0) {
+ show_usage(argc, argv);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ i++;
+ break;
+ case 'y':
+ opt_yield = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'k':
+ opt_signal = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'd':
+ opt_disable_rseq = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'D':
+ if (argc < i + 2) {
+ show_usage(argc, argv);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ opt_disable_mod = atol(argv[i + 1]);
+ if (opt_disable_mod < 0) {
+ show_usage(argc, argv);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ i++;
+ break;
+ case 't':
+ if (argc < i + 2) {
+ show_usage(argc, argv);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ opt_threads = atol(argv[i + 1]);
+ if (opt_threads < 0) {
+ show_usage(argc, argv);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ i++;
+ break;
+ case 'r':
+ if (argc < i + 2) {
+ show_usage(argc, argv);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ opt_reps = atoll(argv[i + 1]);
+ if (opt_reps < 0) {
+ show_usage(argc, argv);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ i++;
+ break;
+ case 'h':
+ show_usage(argc, argv);
+ goto end;
+ case 'T':
+ if (argc < i + 2) {
+ show_usage(argc, argv);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ opt_test = *argv[i + 1];
+ switch (opt_test) {
+ case 's':
+ case 'l':
+ case 'i':
+ case 'b':
+ case 'm':
+ break;
+ default:
+ show_usage(argc, argv);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ i++;
+ break;
+ case 'v':
+ verbose = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'M':
+ opt_mb = 1;
+ break;
+ default:
+ show_usage(argc, argv);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ }
+
+ loop_cnt_1 = loop_cnt[1];
+ loop_cnt_2 = loop_cnt[2];
+ loop_cnt_3 = loop_cnt[3];
+ loop_cnt_4 = loop_cnt[4];
+ loop_cnt_5 = loop_cnt[5];
+ loop_cnt_6 = loop_cnt[6];
+
+ if (set_signal_handler())
+ goto error;
+
+ if (!opt_disable_rseq && rseq_register_current_thread())
+ goto error;
+ switch (opt_test) {
+ case 's':
+ printf_verbose("spinlock\n");
+ test_percpu_spinlock();
+ break;
+ case 'l':
+ printf_verbose("linked list\n");
+ test_percpu_list();
+ break;
+ case 'b':
+ printf_verbose("buffer\n");
+ test_percpu_buffer();
+ break;
+ case 'm':
+ printf_verbose("memcpy buffer\n");
+ test_percpu_memcpy_buffer();
+ break;
+ case 'i':
+ printf_verbose("counter increment\n");
+ test_percpu_inc();
+ break;
+ }
+ if (!opt_disable_rseq && rseq_unregister_current_thread())
+ abort();
+end:
+ return 0;
+
+error:
+ return -1;
+}
--
2.11.0
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  Last update: 2018-03-27 18:07    [W:0.259 / U:0.492 seconds]
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