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Subject[PATCHv2 2/3] misc: ezport-firmware: new driver
Date
General Electric Healthcare's PPD has a secondary processor from
NXP's Kinetis K20 series. It's firmware can be updated from Linux
using the EzPort interface. This driver implements the firmware
updating process.

Signed-off-by: Sebastian Reichel <sebastian.reichel@collabora.co.uk>
---
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-spi-ezport-fw | 23 +
drivers/misc/Kconfig | 9 +
drivers/misc/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/misc/ezport-firmware.c | 491 ++++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 524 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-spi-ezport-fw
create mode 100644 drivers/misc/ezport-firmware.c

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-spi-ezport-fw b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-spi-ezport-fw
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..54a0d02929c9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-spi-ezport-fw
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+What /sys/bus/spi/devices/spiX.Y/update_fw
+Date: March 2018
+KernelVersion: 4.18
+Contact: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
+Description:
+ Write '1' into file to trigger a firmware upload to the
+ (non-volatile) device.
+
+ The file is write only.
+
+What /sys/bus/spi/devices/spiX.Y/verify_fw
+Date: March 2018
+KernelVersion: 4.18
+Contact: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
+Description:
+ Read file to compare the device's firmware with the
+ firmware file available to Linux. This will return
+ one of the following strings (or an error code):
+
+ * Firmware matches!
+ * Firmware does not match!
+
+ The file is read only.
diff --git a/drivers/misc/Kconfig b/drivers/misc/Kconfig
index 03605f8fc0dc..841249111204 100644
--- a/drivers/misc/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/misc/Kconfig
@@ -92,6 +92,15 @@ config DUMMY_IRQ
The sole purpose of this module is to help with debugging of systems on
which spurious IRQs would happen on disabled IRQ vector.

+config EZPORT_FW
+ tristate "Kinetis K20 EzPort firmware update support
+ depends on SPI && SYSFS && OF
+ select FW_LOADER
+ ---help---
+ EzPort is the flash interface from NXP Kinetis K20, that can be used to
+ access the microcontroller's flash memory. This driver supports flashing
+ a new image using the kernel's firmware API.
+
config IBM_ASM
tristate "Device driver for IBM RSA service processor"
depends on X86 && PCI && INPUT
diff --git a/drivers/misc/Makefile b/drivers/misc/Makefile
index c3c8624f4d95..61eb228d2a7b 100644
--- a/drivers/misc/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/misc/Makefile
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_INTEL_MID_PTI) += pti.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ATMEL_SSC) += atmel-ssc.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ATMEL_TCLIB) += atmel_tclib.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DUMMY_IRQ) += dummy-irq.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_EZPORT_FW) += ezport-firmware.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ICS932S401) += ics932s401.o
obj-$(CONFIG_LKDTM) += lkdtm.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TIFM_CORE) += tifm_core.o
diff --git a/drivers/misc/ezport-firmware.c b/drivers/misc/ezport-firmware.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..795e36fa3dca
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/misc/ezport-firmware.c
@@ -0,0 +1,491 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+/*
+ * NXP Kinetis EzPort is a flash interface found on NXP microcontrollers
+ * from the Kinetis K20 series. It can be used to update the firmware.
+ * The interface is enabled by enabling the chip-select while resetting
+ * the processor.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2018 Collabora
+ * Copyright (C) 2018 GE Healthcare
+ */
+
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/firmware.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
+#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
+#include <linux/of_device.h>
+
+#define EZPORT_SPI_RESET_DELAY_MS 50
+#define EZPORT_SPI_POST_RESET_DELAY_MS 500
+#define EZPORT_TRANSFER_SIZE 2048
+
+#define EZPORT_CMD_SP 0x02 /* flash section program*/
+#define EZPORT_CMD_RDSR 0x05 /* read status register */
+#define EZPORT_CMD_WREN 0x06 /* write enable */
+#define EZPORT_CMD_FAST_READ 0x0b /* flash read data at high speed */
+#define EZPORT_CMD_RESET 0xb9 /* reset chip */
+#define EZPORT_CMD_BE 0xc7 /* bulk erase */
+#define EZPORT_CMD_SE 0xd8 /* sector erase */
+
+#define EZPORT_DUMMY 0x00
+
+#define EZPORT_FAST_READ_SIZE 5
+#define EZPORT_SP_SIZE 4
+
+#define EZPORT_SECTOR_SIZE 4096
+#define EZPORT_SECTOR_MASK (EZPORT_SECTOR_SIZE - 1)
+#define EZPORT_WRITE_WAIT_MS 50
+
+#define EZPORT_STATUS_WIP BIT(0) /* write in progress */
+#define EZPORT_STATUS_WEN BIT(1) /* write enable */
+#define EZPORT_STATUS_WEF BIT(6) /* write error flag */
+#define EZPORT_STATUS_FS BIT(7) /* flash security */
+
+struct ezport_device_info {
+ const char *fwname;
+ u32 flash_size;
+};
+
+/* https://www.nxp.com/part/MK20FN1M0VMD12 */
+static const struct ezport_device_info data_ge_achc = {
+ .fwname = "gehc-achc.fw",
+ .flash_size = 1024*1024,
+};
+
+static int ezport_acquire(struct spi_device *spi,
+ struct gpio_desc *reset)
+{
+ struct spi_message msg;
+ struct spi_transfer assert_cs = {
+ .cs_change = 1,
+ };
+ struct spi_transfer release_cs = { };
+ int ret;
+
+ spi_bus_lock(spi->master);
+
+ /* assert chip select */
+ spi_message_init(&msg);
+ spi_message_add_tail(&assert_cs, &msg);
+ ret = spi_sync_locked(spi, &msg);
+ if (ret)
+ goto fail;
+
+ /* reset to return into normal mode */
+ gpiod_set_value(reset, 1);
+ msleep(EZPORT_SPI_RESET_DELAY_MS);
+ gpiod_set_value(reset, 0);
+
+ msleep(EZPORT_SPI_POST_RESET_DELAY_MS);
+
+ /* release chip select */
+ spi_message_init(&msg);
+ spi_message_add_tail(&release_cs, &msg);
+ ret = spi_sync_locked(spi, &msg);
+
+fail:
+ spi_bus_unlock(spi->master);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void ezport_release(struct gpio_desc *reset)
+{
+ /* reset without chip select to return into normal mode */
+ gpiod_set_value(reset, 1);
+ msleep(EZPORT_SPI_RESET_DELAY_MS);
+ gpiod_set_value(reset, 0);
+
+ msleep(EZPORT_SPI_POST_RESET_DELAY_MS);
+}
+
+static inline int ezport_get_status_register(struct spi_device *spi)
+{
+ return spi_w8r8(spi, EZPORT_CMD_RDSR);
+}
+
+static bool ezport_ready(int statusreg, bool write)
+{
+ if (statusreg < 0)
+ return false;
+ if (statusreg & EZPORT_STATUS_WIP)
+ return false;
+ if (statusreg & EZPORT_STATUS_WEF)
+ return false;
+ if (statusreg & EZPORT_STATUS_FS)
+ return false;
+ if (write && !(statusreg & EZPORT_STATUS_WEN))
+ return false;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+static int ezport_wait_write(struct spi_device *spi)
+{
+ int ret;
+ u32 i;
+
+ /*
+ * poll status for write in progress bit. It usually needs 100ms
+ * to get cleared, but we wait 250ms to be sure.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
+ ret = ezport_get_status_register(spi);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ if (!(ret & EZPORT_STATUS_WIP))
+ break;
+ msleep(EZPORT_WRITE_WAIT_MS);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int ezport_write_enable(struct spi_device *spi)
+{
+ static const u8 cmd = EZPORT_CMD_WREN;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = spi_write(spi, &cmd, 1);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ return ezport_get_status_register(spi);
+}
+
+static int ezport_bulk_erase(struct spi_device *spi)
+{
+ int ret;
+ static const u8 cmd = EZPORT_CMD_BE;
+
+ ret = ezport_write_enable(spi);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (!(ret & EZPORT_STATUS_WEN))
+ return -EIO;
+
+ ret = spi_write(spi, &cmd, 1);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = ezport_wait_write(spi);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ezport_section_erase(struct spi_device *spi, u32 address)
+{
+ u8 query[] = {EZPORT_CMD_SE, address >> 16, address >> 8, address};
+ int ret;
+
+ if (address & EZPORT_SECTOR_MASK)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ ret = ezport_write_enable(spi);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = spi_write(spi, query, ARRAY_SIZE(query));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ return ezport_wait_write(spi);
+}
+
+static int ezport_flash_transfer(struct spi_device *spi, u32 address,
+ const u8 *payload, size_t size)
+{
+ struct spi_transfer xfers[2] = {};
+ u8 *query;
+ int ret;
+
+ query = kmalloc(EZPORT_SP_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!query)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ query[0] = EZPORT_CMD_SP;
+ query[1] = address >> 16;
+ query[2] = address >> 8;
+ query[3] = address >> 0;
+
+ xfers[0].len = EZPORT_SP_SIZE;
+ xfers[0].tx_buf = query;
+
+ xfers[1].len = size;
+ xfers[1].tx_buf = payload;
+
+ ret = spi_sync_transfer(spi, xfers, 2);
+
+ kfree(query);
+
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ return ezport_wait_write(spi);
+}
+
+static int ezport_read_data(struct spi_device *spi, u32 address,
+ u8 *buffer, size_t size)
+{
+ struct spi_transfer xfers[2] = {};
+ u8 *query = kmalloc(EZPORT_FAST_READ_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!query)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ query[0] = EZPORT_CMD_FAST_READ;
+ query[1] = address >> 16;
+ query[2] = address >> 8;
+ query[3] = address >> 0;
+ query[4] = EZPORT_DUMMY;
+
+ xfers[0].len = EZPORT_FAST_READ_SIZE;
+ xfers[0].tx_buf = query;
+
+ xfers[1].len = size;
+ xfers[1].rx_buf = buffer;
+
+ ret = spi_sync_transfer(spi, xfers, 2);
+
+ kfree(query);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int ezport_firmware_flash_data(struct spi_device *spi,
+ const u8 *data, size_t size)
+{
+ int ret;
+ u32 address = 0;
+ u32 transfer_size;
+
+ ret = ezport_get_status_register(spi);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (ret & EZPORT_STATUS_FS) {
+ dev_dbg(&spi->dev, "bulk erase");
+ ret = ezport_bulk_erase(spi);
+ if (!ezport_ready(ret, false))
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ ret = ezport_get_status_register(spi);
+ if (!ezport_ready(ret, false)) {
+ dev_err(&spi->dev, "flash memory is not ready!");
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ while (address < size) {
+ if (!(address & EZPORT_SECTOR_MASK)) {
+ dev_dbg(&spi->dev, "section erase: %x", address);
+ ret = ezport_section_erase(spi, address);
+ if (!ezport_ready(ret, false))
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ ret = ezport_write_enable(spi);
+ if (!ezport_ready(ret, true))
+ return ret;
+
+ transfer_size = EZPORT_TRANSFER_SIZE;
+ if (transfer_size > size - address)
+ transfer_size = size - address;
+
+ dev_dbg(&spi->dev, "transfer: %x", address);
+ ret = ezport_flash_transfer(spi, address,
+ data+address, transfer_size);
+ if (!ezport_ready(ret, false))
+ return ret;
+
+ address += transfer_size;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ezport_firmware_verify_data(struct spi_device *spi,
+ const u8 *data, size_t size)
+{
+ u32 transfer_size;
+ u32 address = 0;
+ u8 *buffer;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = ezport_get_status_register(spi);
+ if (!ezport_ready(ret, false)) {
+ dev_err(&spi->dev, "flash not ready: %d\n", ret);
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+
+ buffer = kmalloc(EZPORT_TRANSFER_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!buffer)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ while (address < size) {
+ transfer_size = EZPORT_TRANSFER_SIZE;
+ if (transfer_size > size - address)
+ transfer_size = size - address;
+
+ ret = ezport_read_data(spi, address, buffer, transfer_size);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto exit_free_buffer;
+
+ ret = memcmp(data + address, buffer, transfer_size);
+ if (ret) {
+ ret = -EBADMSG;
+ goto exit_free_buffer;
+ }
+
+ address += transfer_size;
+ }
+
+exit_free_buffer:
+ kfree(buffer);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int ezport_flash(struct spi_device *spi, bool verify)
+{
+ struct ezport_device_info *data = spi_get_drvdata(spi);
+ const struct firmware *fw;
+ struct gpio_desc *reset;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = request_firmware(&fw, data->fwname, &spi->dev);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&spi->dev, "Could not get firmware: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ if (fw->size > data->flash_size) {
+ dev_err(&spi->dev, "FW image does not fit into flash memory!\n");
+ ret = -EFBIG;
+ goto exit_release_fw;
+ }
+
+ reset = gpiod_get(&spi->dev, "reset", GPIOD_OUT_LOW);
+ if (IS_ERR(reset)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(reset);
+ dev_err(&spi->dev, "Could not get reset gpio: %d\n", ret);
+ goto exit_release_fw;
+ }
+
+ ret = ezport_acquire(spi, reset);
+ if (ret)
+ goto exit_release_gpio;
+
+ if (verify)
+ ret = ezport_firmware_verify_data(spi, fw->data, fw->size);
+ else
+ ret = ezport_firmware_flash_data(spi, fw->data, fw->size);
+
+ if (ret > 0) {
+ dev_err(&spi->dev, "Failure, Status Register: 0x%02x\n", ret);
+ ret = -EIO;
+ }
+
+ ezport_release(reset);
+
+exit_release_gpio:
+ gpiod_put(reset);
+exit_release_fw:
+ release_firmware(fw);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t verify_fw_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ static const char *success = "Firmware matches!\n";
+ static const char *failure = "Firmware does not match!\n";
+ struct spi_device *spi = to_spi_device(dev);
+ int ret = ezport_flash(spi, true);
+
+ if (ret == 0) {
+ strcpy(buf, success);
+ return strlen(success);
+ } else if (ret == -EBADMSG) {
+ strcpy(buf, failure);
+ return strlen(failure);
+ } else {
+ return ret;
+ }
+}
+
+static ssize_t update_fw_store(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ struct spi_device *spi = to_spi_device(dev);
+ int ret;
+
+ dev_dbg(dev, "Firmware update started!");
+ ret = ezport_flash(spi, false);
+ if (!ret)
+ dev_dbg(dev, "Firmware update finished!");
+
+ return ret ? ret : count;
+}
+
+static DEVICE_ATTR_WO(update_fw);
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(verify_fw);
+
+static struct attribute *ezport_attrs[] = {
+ &dev_attr_update_fw.attr,
+ &dev_attr_verify_fw.attr,
+ NULL
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group ezport_attr_group = {
+ .attrs = ezport_attrs,
+};
+
+static int ezport_probe(struct spi_device *spi)
+{
+ const struct ezport_device_info *data;
+ struct ezport_device_info *copy;
+ int ret;
+
+ data = of_device_get_match_data(&spi->dev);
+ if (!data)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ copy = devm_kmemdup(&spi->dev, data, sizeof(*data), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!copy)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ spi_set_drvdata(spi, copy);
+
+ ret = devm_device_add_group(&spi->dev, &ezport_attr_group);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&spi->dev, "create sysfs failed: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct of_device_id ezport_of_match[] = {
+ { .compatible = "ge,achc-ezport", .data = &data_ge_achc, },
+ { /* sentinel */ }
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, ezport_of_match);
+
+static struct spi_driver ezport_fw_spi_driver = {
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "ezport-fw",
+ .of_match_table = ezport_of_match,
+ },
+ .probe = ezport_probe,
+};
+module_spi_driver(ezport_fw_spi_driver);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Kinetis EzPort firmware driver");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Sebastian Reichel <sebastian.reichel@collabora.co.uk>");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
--
2.16.2
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