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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] smp: introduce kick_active_cpus_sync()
On Sun, Mar 25, 2018 at 12:23:28PM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> On Sun, Mar 25, 2018 at 08:50:04PM +0300, Yury Norov wrote:
> > kick_all_cpus_sync() forces all CPUs to sync caches by sending broadcast IPI.
> > If CPU is in extended quiescent state (idle task or nohz_full userspace), this
> > work may be done at the exit of this state. Delaying synchronization helps to
> > save power if CPU is in idle state and decrease latency for real-time tasks.
> >
> > This patch introduces kick_active_cpus_sync() and uses it in mm/slab and arm64
> > code to delay syncronization.
> >
> > For task isolation (https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/11/3/589), IPI to the CPU running
> > isolated task would be fatal, as it breaks isolation. The approach with delaying
> > of synchronization work helps to maintain isolated state.
> >
> > I've tested it with test from task isolation series on ThunderX2 for more than
> > 10 hours (10k giga-ticks) without breaking isolation.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Yury Norov <ynorov@caviumnetworks.com>
> > ---
> > arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c | 2 +-
> > include/linux/smp.h | 2 ++
> > kernel/smp.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > mm/slab.c | 2 +-
> > 4 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
> > index 2718a77da165..9d7c492e920e 100644
> > --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
> > @@ -291,7 +291,7 @@ int __kprobes aarch64_insn_patch_text(void *addrs[], u32 insns[], int cnt)
> > * synchronization.
> > */
> > ret = aarch64_insn_patch_text_nosync(addrs[0], insns[0]);
> > - kick_all_cpus_sync();
> > + kick_active_cpus_sync();
> > return ret;
> > }
> > }
> > diff --git a/include/linux/smp.h b/include/linux/smp.h
> > index 9fb239e12b82..27215e22240d 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/smp.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/smp.h
> > @@ -105,6 +105,7 @@ int smp_call_function_any(const struct cpumask *mask,
> > smp_call_func_t func, void *info, int wait);
> >
> > void kick_all_cpus_sync(void);
> > +void kick_active_cpus_sync(void);
> > void wake_up_all_idle_cpus(void);
> >
> > /*
> > @@ -161,6 +162,7 @@ smp_call_function_any(const struct cpumask *mask, smp_call_func_t func,
> > }
> >
> > static inline void kick_all_cpus_sync(void) { }
> > +static inline void kick_active_cpus_sync(void) { }
> > static inline void wake_up_all_idle_cpus(void) { }
> >
> > #ifdef CONFIG_UP_LATE_INIT
> > diff --git a/kernel/smp.c b/kernel/smp.c
> > index 084c8b3a2681..0358d6673850 100644
> > --- a/kernel/smp.c
> > +++ b/kernel/smp.c
> > @@ -724,6 +724,30 @@ void kick_all_cpus_sync(void)
> > }
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kick_all_cpus_sync);
> >
> > +/**
> > + * kick_active_cpus_sync - Force CPUs that are not in extended
> > + * quiescent state (idle or nohz_full userspace) sync by sending
> > + * IPI. Extended quiescent state CPUs will sync at the exit of
> > + * that state.
> > + */
> > +void kick_active_cpus_sync(void)
> > +{
> > + int cpu;
> > + struct cpumask kernel_cpus;
> > +
> > + smp_mb();
> > +
> > + cpumask_clear(&kernel_cpus);
> > + preempt_disable();
> > + for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
> > + if (!rcu_eqs_special_set(cpu))
>
> If we get here, the CPU is not in a quiescent state, so we therefore
> must IPI it, correct?
>
> But don't you also need to define rcu_eqs_special_exit() so that RCU
> can invoke it when it next leaves its quiescent state? Or are you able
> to ignore the CPU in that case? (If you are able to ignore the CPU in
> that case, I could give you a lower-cost function to get your job done.)
>
> Thanx, Paul

What's actually needed for synchronization is issuing memory barrier on target
CPUs before we start executing kernel code.

smp_mb() is implicitly called in smp_call_function*() path for it. In
rcu_eqs_special_set() -> rcu_dynticks_eqs_exit() path, smp_mb__after_atomic()
is called just before rcu_eqs_special_exit().

So I think, rcu_eqs_special_exit() may be left untouched. Empty
rcu_eqs_special_exit() in new RCU path corresponds empty do_nothing() in old
IPI path.

Or my understanding of smp_mb__after_atomic() is wrong? By default,
smp_mb__after_atomic() is just alias to smp_mb(). But some
architectures define it differently. x86, for example, aliases it to
just barrier() with a comment: "Atomic operations are already
serializing on x86".

I was initially thinking that it's also fine to leave
rcu_eqs_special_exit() empty in this case, but now I'm not sure...

Anyway, answering to your question, we shouldn't ignore quiescent
CPUs, and rcu_eqs_special_set() path is really needed as it issues
memory barrier on them.

Yury

> > + cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &kernel_cpus);
> > + }
> > + smp_call_function_many(&kernel_cpus, do_nothing, NULL, 1);
> > + preempt_enable();
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kick_active_cpus_sync);
> > +
> > /**
> > * wake_up_all_idle_cpus - break all cpus out of idle
> > * wake_up_all_idle_cpus try to break all cpus which is in idle state even
> > diff --git a/mm/slab.c b/mm/slab.c
> > index 324446621b3e..678d5dbd6f46 100644
> > --- a/mm/slab.c
> > +++ b/mm/slab.c
> > @@ -3856,7 +3856,7 @@ static int __do_tune_cpucache(struct kmem_cache *cachep, int limit,
> > * cpus, so skip the IPIs.
> > */
> > if (prev)
> > - kick_all_cpus_sync();
> > + kick_active_cpus_sync();
> >
> > check_irq_on();
> > cachep->batchcount = batchcount;
> > --
> > 2.14.1
> >

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