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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH] nvme: avoid race-conditions when enabling devices


----- Mail original -----
> De: "Marta Rybczynska" <mrybczyn@kalray.eu>
> À: "Keith Busch" <keith.busch@intel.com>
> Cc: "Ming Lei" <ming.lei@redhat.com>, axboe@fb.com, hch@lst.de, sagi@grimberg.me, linux-nvme@lists.infradead.org,
> linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, bhelgaas@google.com, linux-pci@vger.kernel.org, "Pierre-Yves Kerbrat"
> <pkerbrat@kalray.eu>
> Envoyé: Mercredi 21 Mars 2018 17:10:56
> Objet: Re: [RFC PATCH] nvme: avoid race-conditions when enabling devices

>> On Wed, Mar 21, 2018 at 11:48:09PM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
>>> On Wed, Mar 21, 2018 at 01:10:31PM +0100, Marta Rybczynska wrote:
>>> > > On Wed, Mar 21, 2018 at 12:00:49PM +0100, Marta Rybczynska wrote:
>>> > >> NVMe driver uses threads for the work at device reset, including enabling
>>> > >> the PCIe device. When multiple NVMe devices are initialized, their reset
>>> > >> works may be scheduled in parallel. Then pci_enable_device_mem can be
>>> > >> called in parallel on multiple cores.
>>> > >>
>>> > >> This causes a loop of enabling of all upstream bridges in
>>> > >> pci_enable_bridge(). pci_enable_bridge() causes multiple operations
>>> > >> including __pci_set_master and architecture-specific functions that
>>> > >> call ones like and pci_enable_resources(). Both __pci_set_master()
>>> > >> and pci_enable_resources() read PCI_COMMAND field in the PCIe space
>>> > >> and change it. This is done as read/modify/write.
>>> > >>
>>> > >> Imagine that the PCIe tree looks like:
>>> > >> A - B - switch - C - D
>>> > >> \- E - F
>>> > >>
>>> > >> D and F are two NVMe disks and all devices from B are not enabled and bus
>>> > >> mastering is not set. If their reset work are scheduled in parallel the two
>>> > >> modifications of PCI_COMMAND may happen in parallel without locking and the
>>> > >> system may end up with the part of PCIe tree not enabled.
>>> > >
>>> > > Then looks serialized reset should be used, and I did see the commit
>>> > > 79c48ccf2fe ("nvme-pci: serialize pci resets") fixes issue of 'failed
>>> > > to mark controller state' in reset stress test.
>>> > >
>>> > > But that commit only covers case of PCI reset from sysfs attribute, and
>>> > > maybe other cases need to be dealt with in similar way too.
>>> > >
>>> >
>>> > It seems to me that the serialized reset works for multiple resets of the
>>> > same device, doesn't it? Our problem is linked to resets of different devices
>>> > that share the same PCIe tree.
>>>
>>> Given reset shouldn't be a frequent action, it might be fine to serialize all
>>> reset from different devices.
>>
>> The driver was much simpler when we had serialized resets in line with
>> probe, but that had a bigger problems with certain init systems when
>> you put enough nvme devices in your server, making them unbootable.
>>
>> Would it be okay to serialize just the pci_enable_device across all
>> other tasks messing with the PCI topology?
>>
>> ---
>> diff --git a/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c b/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c
>> index cef5ce851a92..e0a2f6c0f1cf 100644
>> --- a/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c
>> +++ b/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c
>> @@ -2094,8 +2094,11 @@ static int nvme_pci_enable(struct nvme_dev *dev)
>> int result = -ENOMEM;
>> struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev->dev);
>>
>> - if (pci_enable_device_mem(pdev))
>> - return result;
>> + pci_lock_rescan_remove();
>> + result = pci_enable_device_mem(pdev);
>> + pci_unlock_rescan_remove();
>> + if (result)
>> + return -ENODEV;
>>
>> pci_set_master(pdev);
>>
>
> The problem may happen also with other device doing its probe and nvme running
> its
> workqueue (and we probably have seen it in practice too). We were thinking about
> a lock
> in the pci generic code too, that's why I've put the linux-pci@ list in copy.
>

Keith, it looks to me that this is going to fix the issue between two nvme driver
instances at hotplug time. This is the one we didn't cover in the first patch.

We can see the issue at driver load (so at boot) and the lock isn't taken by the
generic non-rescan code. Other calls to pci_enable_device_mem aren't protected
neither (see Bjorns message).

What do you think about applying both for now until we have a generic fix in pci?

Marta

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