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SubjectRe: [RFT][PATCH v7 5/8] cpuidle: Return nohz hint from cpuidle_select()
On Tue, Mar 20, 2018 at 4:45 PM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
> From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
>
> Add a new pointer argument to cpuidle_select() and to the ->select
> cpuidle governor callback to allow a boolean value indicating
> whether or not the tick should be stopped before entering the
> selected state to be returned from there.
>
> Make the ladder governor ignore that pointer (to preserve its
> current behavior) and make the menu governor return 'false" through
> it if:
> (1) the idle exit latency is constrained at 0, or
> (2) the selected state is a polling one, or
> (3) the expected idle period duration is within the tick period
> range.
>
> In addition to that, the correction factor computations in the menu
> governor need to take the possibility that the tick may not be
> stopped into account to avoid artificially small correction factor
> values. To that end, add a mechanism to record tick wakeups, as
> suggested by Peter Zijlstra, and use it to modify the menu_update()
> behavior when tick wakeup occurs. Namely, make it add a (sufficiently
> large) constant value to the correction factor in these cases (instead
> of increasing the correction factor by a value based on the
> measured idle time).
>
> Since the value returned through the new argument pointer of
> cpuidle_select() is not used by its caller yet, this change by
> itself is not expected to alter the functionality of the code.
>
> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> ---
>
> v5 -> v7:
> * Rename the new cpuidle_select() arg (and some related things) from
> "nohz" to "stop_tick" (as requested by Peter).
> * Use TICK_USEC from the previous patch.
> * Record tick wakeups (as suggested by Peter) and use them to take the
> tick into account in menu_update().

[cut]

> @@ -427,31 +449,44 @@ static void menu_update(struct cpuidle_d
> * assume the state was never reached and the exit latency is 0.
> */
>
> - /* measured value */
> - measured_us = cpuidle_get_last_residency(dev);
> -
> - /* Deduct exit latency */
> - if (measured_us > 2 * target->exit_latency)
> - measured_us -= target->exit_latency;
> - else
> - measured_us /= 2;
> -
> - /* Make sure our coefficients do not exceed unity */
> - if (measured_us > data->next_timer_us)
> - measured_us = data->next_timer_us;
> -
> /* Update our correction ratio */
> new_factor = data->correction_factor[data->bucket];
> new_factor -= new_factor / DECAY;
>
> - if (data->next_timer_us > 0 && measured_us < MAX_INTERESTING)
> - new_factor += RESOLUTION * measured_us / data->next_timer_us;
> - else
> + if (data->tick_wakeup) {

This should check if data->next_timer_us is greater than TICK_USEC
too, but also the measured_us computation needs to go before it (or
uninitialized measured_us will be used later on if this branch is
executed).

So please disregard this one entirely and take the v7.2 replacement
instead of it: https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10299429/

The current versions (including the above) is in the git branch at

git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pm.git \
idle-loop-v7.2

> /*
> - * we were idle so long that we count it as a perfect
> - * prediction
> + * If the CPU was woken up by the tick, it might have been idle
> + * for a much longer time if the tick had been stopped. That
> + * time cannot be determined, so asssume that it would have been
> + * long, but not as long as the original return value of
> + * tick_nohz_get_sleep_length(). Use a number between 0.5 and
> + * 1, something like 0.75 (which is easy enough to get), that
> + * should work on the average.
> */
> - new_factor += RESOLUTION;
> + new_factor += RESOLUTION / 2 + RESOLUTION / 4;
> + } else {
> + /* measured value */
> + measured_us = cpuidle_get_last_residency(dev);
> +
> + /* Deduct exit latency */
> + if (measured_us > 2 * target->exit_latency)
> + measured_us -= target->exit_latency;
> + else
> + measured_us /= 2;
> +
> + /* Make sure our coefficients do not exceed unity */
> + if (measured_us > data->next_timer_us)
> + measured_us = data->next_timer_us;
> +
> + if (data->next_timer_us > 0 && measured_us < MAX_INTERESTING)
> + new_factor += RESOLUTION * measured_us / data->next_timer_us;
> + else
> + /*
> + * we were idle so long that we count it as a perfect
> + * prediction
> + */
> + new_factor += RESOLUTION;
> + }
>
> /*
> * We don't want 0 as factor; we always want at least

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