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Subject[RFC PATCH 4/6] sched/fair: Introduce an energy estimation helper function
Date
From: Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com>

In preparation for the definition of an energy-aware wakeup path, a
helper function is provided to estimate the consequence on system energy
when a specific task wakes-up on a specific CPU. compute_energy()
estimates the OPPs to be reached by all frequency domains and estimates
the consumption of each online CPU according to its energy model and its
percentage of busy time.

Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@arm.com>
---
kernel/sched/fair.c | 81 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 81 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 6c72a5e7b1b0..76bd46502486 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -6409,6 +6409,30 @@ static inline int cpu_overutilized(int cpu)
}

/*
+ * Returns the util of "cpu" if "p" wakes up on "dst_cpu".
+ */
+static unsigned long cpu_util_next(int cpu, struct task_struct *p, int dst_cpu)
+{
+ unsigned long util = cpu_rq(cpu)->cfs.avg.util_avg;
+ unsigned long capacity = capacity_orig_of(cpu);
+
+ /*
+ * If p is where it should be, or if it has no impact on cpu, there is
+ * not much to do.
+ */
+ if ((task_cpu(p) == dst_cpu) || (cpu != task_cpu(p) && cpu != dst_cpu))
+ goto clamp_util;
+
+ if (dst_cpu == cpu)
+ util += task_util(p);
+ else
+ util = max_t(long, util - task_util(p), 0);
+
+clamp_util:
+ return (util >= capacity) ? capacity : util;
+}
+
+/*
* Disable WAKE_AFFINE in the case where task @p doesn't fit in the
* capacity of either the waking CPU @cpu or the previous CPU @prev_cpu.
*
@@ -6432,6 +6456,63 @@ static int wake_cap(struct task_struct *p, int cpu, int prev_cpu)
return !util_fits_capacity(task_util(p), min_cap);
}

+static struct capacity_state *find_cap_state(int cpu, unsigned long util)
+{
+ struct sched_energy_model *em = *per_cpu_ptr(energy_model, cpu);
+ struct capacity_state *cs = NULL;
+ int i;
+
+ /*
+ * As the goal is to estimate the OPP reached for a specific util
+ * value, mimic the behaviour of schedutil with a 1.25 coefficient
+ */
+ util += util >> 2;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < em->nr_cap_states; i++) {
+ cs = &em->cap_states[i];
+ if (cs->cap >= util)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return cs;
+}
+
+static unsigned long compute_energy(struct task_struct *p, int dst_cpu)
+{
+ unsigned long util, fdom_max_util;
+ struct capacity_state *cs;
+ unsigned long energy = 0;
+ struct freq_domain *fdom;
+ int cpu;
+
+ for_each_freq_domain(fdom) {
+ fdom_max_util = 0;
+ for_each_cpu_and(cpu, &(fdom->span), cpu_online_mask) {
+ util = cpu_util_next(cpu, p, dst_cpu);
+ fdom_max_util = max(util, fdom_max_util);
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Here we assume that the capacity states of CPUs belonging to
+ * the same frequency domains are shared. Hence, we look at the
+ * capacity state of the first CPU and re-use it for all.
+ */
+ cpu = cpumask_first(&(fdom->span));
+ cs = find_cap_state(cpu, fdom_max_util);
+
+ /*
+ * The energy consumed by each CPU is derived from the power
+ * it dissipates at the expected OPP and its percentage of
+ * busy time.
+ */
+ for_each_cpu_and(cpu, &(fdom->span), cpu_online_mask) {
+ util = cpu_util_next(cpu, p, dst_cpu);
+ energy += cs->power * util / cs->cap;
+ }
+ }
+ return energy;
+}
+
/*
* select_task_rq_fair: Select target runqueue for the waking task in domains
* that have the 'sd_flag' flag set. In practice, this is SD_BALANCE_WAKE,
--
2.11.0
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