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Subject[PATCH] USB: wusbcore: crypto: Remove VLA usage
In preparation to enabling -Wvla, remove VLA and replace it
with dynamic memory allocation instead.

The use of stack Variable Length Arrays needs to be avoided, as they
can be a vector for stack exhaustion, which can be both a runtime bug
or a security flaw. Also, in general, as code evolves it is easy to
lose track of how big a VLA can get. Thus, we can end up having runtime
failures that are hard to debug.

Also, fixed as part of the directive to remove all VLAs from
the kernel:

Notice that in this particular case, an alternative to kzalloc is kcalloc,
in which case the code would look as follows instead:

iv = kcalloc(crypto_skcipher_ivsize(tfm_cbc), sizeof(*iv), GFP_KERNEL);

but if the data type of _iv_ never changes, or the type size is always one
byte, kzalloc is good enough.

Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <>
drivers/usb/wusbcore/crypto.c | 11 +++++++----
1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/usb/wusbcore/crypto.c b/drivers/usb/wusbcore/crypto.c
index 4c00be2d..3511473 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/wusbcore/crypto.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/wusbcore/crypto.c
@@ -202,7 +202,7 @@ static int wusb_ccm_mac(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm_cbc,
struct scatterlist sg[4], sg_dst;
void *dst_buf;
size_t dst_size;
- u8 iv[crypto_skcipher_ivsize(tfm_cbc)];
+ u8 *iv;
size_t zero_padding;

@@ -222,9 +222,11 @@ static int wusb_ccm_mac(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm_cbc,
dst_buf = kzalloc(dst_size, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!dst_buf)
- goto error_dst_buf;
+ goto error_alloc;

- memset(iv, 0, sizeof(iv));
+ iv = kzalloc(crypto_skcipher_ivsize(tfm_cbc), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!iv)
+ goto error_alloc;

/* Setup B0 */
scratch->b0.flags = 0x59; /* Format B0 */
@@ -276,8 +278,9 @@ static int wusb_ccm_mac(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm_cbc,
bytewise_xor(mic, &scratch->ax, iv, 8);
result = 8;
+ kfree(iv);
return result;

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